(p. xvii) List of Contributors
(p. xvii) List of Contributors
Gábor Ágoston studied at the University of Budapest, and earned his Ph.D. in Ottoman history from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Between 1985 and 1998 he taught at the University of Budapest. Since 1998 he has been a faculty member at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., where he teaches Ottoman and Middle Eastern history. He is the author of Guns for the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire (Cambridge, 2005), and co-author and co-editor with Bruce Masters of the Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire (Facts-On-File, 2009). He has also published scholarly articles and book chapters on early modern Ottoman, European, and Hungarian history. Currently he is working on a monograph tentatively entitled Ottomans, Habsburgs, and the Making of Europe, to be published by Princeton University Press.
Ronald G. Asch is Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Freiburg. A graduate of Tübingen University, where he also completed his doctorate on the Counts of Fürstenberg in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, he also studied in Kiel and Cambridge, and held a research fellowship at the German Historical Institute London (1985–88) and a lectureship at the University of Münster (1988–96). From 1996 to 2003 he held the Chair of Early Modern History at the University of Osnabrück. Having published a study of the court of Charles I of England in 1994, his present research interests are the political culture of monarchy in early modern Europe (with particular emphasis on Britain and France) and the history of the early modern European nobilities, as well as the history of Britain and Ireland in the Elizabethan and Stuart ages. His latest book is Sacral Kingship between Disenchantment and Re-enchantment: The French and English Monarchies 1587–1688 (New York, 2014). He is a member of the Heidelberg Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the Feodor-Lynen selection committee of the Alexander v. Humboldt Foundation.
Leonard Blussé is Emeritus Professor of Asian–European Relations at Leiden University. He studied Sinology and History at Leiden, Taipei, and Kyoto, and gained his Ph.D. in history at Leiden in 1986. In 1990 he spent a year at the Shelby Cullom Davis Center of Princeton University and in 2006 he occupied the Erasmus Chair at Harvard University. After 1998 he taught as full professor and visiting professor at Leiden University and Amoy University in Xiamen, China respectively. In 2012–13 he was Guest Professor at Kyoto University. His principal publications are Visible Cities, Batavia, Canton and Nagasaki and the Coming of the Americans (Cambridge, MA, 2008); Bitter Bonds: A Colonial Divorce Drama of the Seventeenth Century (Princeton, (p. xviii) NJ, 2002); Retour Amoy (Amsterdam, 2000); and Strange Company: Chinese Settlers, Mestizo Women and the Dutch in VOC Batavia (Leiden, 1986).
Annabel Brett is Reader in the History of Political Thought at the University of Cambridge, where she is a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College. She has published widely in the field of late medieval and early modern political thought, including Liberty, Right and Nature. Individual Rights in Later Scholastic Thought (Cambridge, 1997) and Changes of State. Nature and the Limits of the City in Early Modern Natural Law (Princeton, NJ, 2011). She is currently developing her interests in the international dimension of early modern political thought and law.
Carlo Capra was born in Sardinia, but spent all his academic life in Milan, apart from short spells in Britain (Cambridge) and the United States. After graduating in 1966 he taught early modern history for over forty years in the Milan State University. His main areas of research have been the eighteenth century in Italy and France, with special reference to politics, finance, and state administration, and the revolutionary and Napoleonic period. His over 150 publications include L’età rivoluzionaria e napoleonica in Italia (Turin, 1978), La Lombardia austriaca nell’età delle riforme, 1706–1796 (Turin, 1984 and 1987), I progressi della ragione. Vita di Pietro Verri (Bologna, 2002), Gli italiani prima dell’Italia. Un lungo Settecento, dalla fine della Controriforma a Napoleone (Rome, 2014). Carlo Capra is editor in chief of the journal Archivio storico lombardo, co-editor of Società e storia and of two book series: Storia, published by FrancoAngeli, Milan, and Biblioteca del Settecento, published by Edizioni di storia e letteratura, Rome.
Thomas M. Cohen is Director of the Oliveira Lima Library and an Associate Professor of History at the Catholic University of America. His research focuses on the religious history of the early modern Iberian world. Among his publications are The Fire of Tongues: António Vieira and the Missionary Church in Brazil and Portugal (Stanford, CA, 1998); ‘Jesuits and New Christians: The Contested Legacy of St. Ignatius’, Studies in the Spirituality of Jesuits 42 (2010); and ‘Religious and Ethnic Minorities in the Society of Jesus’, in Thomas Worcester (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Jesuits (Cambridge, 2008). He is currently writing a book about Jesuits, Jews, and New Christians in the early modern world.
Samuel K. Cohn, Jr. is Professor of Medieval History at the University of Glasgow; he taught previously at Wesleyan, Brown, and Brandeis Universities and, in 2008, was Distinguished Professor of Medieval Studies at Berkeley. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, over the past decade, his work has concentrated on two themes—popular insurrection and plague. His recent books include Creating the Florentine State: Peasants and Rebellion, 1348–1434 (Cambridge, 1999); The Black Death Transformed: Disease and Culture in Early Renaissance Europe (London, 2002); Popular Protest in Late Medieval Europe: Italy, France, and Flanders (Manchester, 2004); Lust for Liberty: The Politics of Social Revolt in Medieval Europe, 1200–1425 (Cambridge, MA, 2006); Cultures of Plague: Medical Thinking at the End of the Renaissance (Oxford, 2010); Popular Protest in Late Medieval English Towns (Cambridge, 2012). Among numerous grants and fellowships (p. xix) he has received awards from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Getty, Villa I Tatti, John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, British Academy, École des Hautes Études, the AHRC, the ESRC, and the Wellcome Trust for the History of Medicine. He is currently pursuing a project entitled ‘Epidemics: Waves of Disease, Waves of Hate from the Plague of Athens to AIDS’, funded by the Leverhulme Trust.
Emanuele Colombo is Associate Professor of Catholic Studies at DePaul University, Chicago. His research focuses on early modern religious history, including theology and politics, Jesuit missions, and Christian–Muslim encounters. He is the author of two books on Jesuit history: Un gesuita inquieto. Carlo Antonio Casnedi (1643–1725) e il suo tempo (Soveria Mannelli, 2006); and Convertire i musulmani. L’esperienza di un gesuita spagnolo del Seicento (Milan, 2007). He is the co-author (with Marina Massimi) of In viaggio. Gesuiti italiani candidati alle missioni tra antica e nuova Compagnia (forthcoming), and the co-editor of L’islam visto da occidente. Cultura e religione del Seicento europeo di fronte all’Islam (Milan, 2009) and Las misiones antes y después de la restauración de la Compañía de Jesús. Continuidades y Cambios (forthcoming). Author of many journal articles in English, French, Spanish, and Italian, he is a member of the Accademia Ambrosiana, Milan.
Kathleen Crowther received her Ph.D. in the History of Science, Medicine and Technology from the Johns Hopkins University in 2001. Between 2001 and 2002 she taught in the History Department at Swarthmore College. Since 2002 she has been a faculty member in the History of Science Department at the University of Oklahoma, where she teaches history of science and history of medicine. She is the author of Adam and Eve in the Protestant Reformation (Cambridge, 2010), which won the Gerald Strauss Prize of the Sixteenth Century Society for best new book in Reformation studies. She has also published scholarly articles and book chapters on early modern science and on the Reformation. Currently she is working on a monograph about the Sphere of Johannes de Sacrobosco, the most widely read astronomy textbook in Europe between the mid-thirteenth and the end of the seventeenth centuries.
Paul M. Dover is Associate Professor of History at Kennesaw State University. He has published numerous articles on the political, diplomatic, and cultural history of Europe during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and a textbook survey of The Changing Face of the Past: an Introduction to Western Historiography (San Diego, CA, 2014). He is currently completing an edited volume on Secretaries and Statecraft in the Early Modern World, and preparing a book on information and the role of paper in early modern Europe.
Jeroen Duindam (Ph.D. Utrecht, 1992) held various positions at the Utrecht University History Department from 1989 to 2008, when he became Professor at Groningen University. In 2010 he moved to Leiden University, where he now holds the Chair of Early Modern History. His publications include Myths of Power. Norbert Elias and the Early Modern European Court (Amsterdam, 1995) and Vienna and Versailles. The Courts of Europe’s Dynastic Rivals (Cambridge, 2003). In recent years he has been moving (p. xx) towards a wider comparative perspective, co-editing with Metin Kunt and Tulay Artan a volume on Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires: A Global Perspective (Leiden, 2011). His comparative study Dynasty: A Global History 1300–1800 will be published by Cambridge University Press in 2015.
Sir John Elliott, Regius Professor Emeritus of Modern History in the University of Oxford, is a historian of early modern Spain, Europe, and the Americas. His books include Imperial Spain, 1469–1716 (London, 1963); The Old World and the New, 1492–1650 (Cambridge, 1970); and Empires of the Atlantic World. Britain and Spain in America, 1492–1830 (New Haven, CT, 2006). He is a winner of the Wolfson and Balzan Prizes for History, and the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Social Sciences. He was knighted for his services to history in 1994, is an honorary doctor of several universities, and holds decorations from the government of Spain.
Felipe Fernández-Armesto is the William P. Reynolds Professor of Arts and Letters in the University of Notre Dame. His work, which has appeared in twenty-seven languages, transgresses traditional fields and disciplines. His most recent book was Our America: a Hispanic History of the United States (New York, 2014). He has won, among other awards, Spain’s national prize for research in geography; the John Carter Brown medal for work on imperial history; the Caird Medal of the National Maritime Museum for maritime history; and the book prize of the World History Association for his work on exploration. He was elected to the Academia Europaea in 2010.
Robert von Friedeburg, MAE, is Professor of the History of Society, with special Emphasis on Politics and Mentalities, Erasmus University Rotterdam. He has been Heisenberg Fellow 1996–2001, Visiting Fellow/member Harvard 1987–88, St Andrews 1997, University of New South Wales 2001, and the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (2002); and held the ‘Chaire Dupront’ at Paris IV/Sorbonne (2009). Author of six monographs and editor of ten collected volumes, among them Self Defence and Religious Strife (Aldershot, 2002) and Europa in der frühen Neuzeit (Frankfurt-am-Main, 2012), he is currently collaborating within a larger NWO-financed research programme for a collection entitled The New Monarchy: Rethinking the Relations of Elites and Princes in Europe’s Iron Century, 1590s–1720s and a monograph provisionally entitled Luther’s Legacy: Defending Public Order against the Prince, the Experience of the Thirty Year War and the Emergence of a German notion of ‘State’ in the Holy Roman Empire, 1530s to 1790s.
Robert Frost taught for many years at King’s College London, and currently holds the Burnett Fletcher Chair in History at the University of Aberdeen. Educated at St Andrews and the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, he completed his doctorate at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, London. A revised version of this was published as After the Deluge. Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern War, 1655–1660 (Cambridge, 1993). He explored his interests in Scandinavian and Russian history in his second work, The Northern Wars. War, State and Society in Northeastern Europe, 1558–1721 (Harlow, 2000). His latest book, The Making of the Polish-Lithuanian Union 1385–1569, the first (p. xxi) part of a two-volume study, was published by Oxford University Press in the summer of 2015.
Margaret L. King is Professor Emerita of Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center, CUNY. Her research has extended across the fields of the Italian Renaissance; women and learning 1300–1800; and the history of childhood from antiquity to the present. Author of nine books, including the monographs The Death of the Child Valerio Marcello (Chicago, 1994); Women of the Renaissance (Chicago, 1991); and Venetian Humanism in an Age of Patrician Dominance (Princeton, 1986), and more than sixty articles, essays, and reviews, her current projects are an anthology of Renaissance humanist texts (in press), and her book Mothers and Sons: a History. She is also Editor-in-Chief of the Oxford University Press OBO (Online Bibliography): Renaissance and Reformation, and co-editor (with Albert Rabil, Jr.) of the series “The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe,” of which ninety-five volumes have been published, with more than fifty further titles pending.
Thomas Munck is Professor of Early Modern European History at the University of Glasgow, and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Societies in both Britain and Denmark. His publications include Seventeenth Century Europe 1598–1700, 2nd edn (Basingstoke, 2005) and The Enlightenment: A Comparative Social History 1721–1794 (London, 2000), together with articles on the social history of early modern Europe, including enlightened reform, print and literacy, police, and poor relief, as well as on music and on instrument technology. He is currently working on a study of transnational media and political culture in Europe 1640–1800. He is also a keen amateur musician with a particular interest in the viola da gamba.
Gabriel Paquette is Professor of History at the Johns Hopkins University. He is the author of Imperial Portugal in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions: The Luso-Brazilian World, c. 1770–1850 (Cambridge, 2013) and the editor of Enlightened Reform in Southern Europe and its Atlantic Colonies, c. 1750–1830 (Farnham, 2009). In 2013 he held the Balzan-Skinner Fellowship in Intellectual History since c. 1500 at the University of Cambridge.
Theodore K. Rabb is Emeritus Professor of History at Princeton University. He received his Ph.D. from Princeton, and subsequently taught at Stanford, Northwestern, Harvard, and Johns Hopkins Universities. Among the books he has written or edited are: Enterprise & Empire. Merchant and Gentry Investment in the Expansion of England, 1575–1630 (Cambridge, MA, 1967); The Struggle for Stability in Early Modern Europe (Oxford, 1975); The New History (Princeton, NJ, 1982); Climate and History: Studies in Interdisciplinary History (Cambridge, 1984); Renaissance Lives (New York, 1993); Jacobean Gentleman: Sir Edwin Sandys, 1561–1629 (Princeton, NJ, 1998); The Last Days of the Renaissance: The March to Modernity (New York, 2006); The Artist and the Warrior: Military History through the Eyes of the Masters (New Haven, CT, 2012). He has received awards from many supporters of the humanities, including the Delmas, Ford, Pew, and Guggenheim Foundations; he has reviewed for The New York Times, The Washington (p. xxii) Post, The Art Newspaper, the New York Review of Books, the TLS, and other periodicals; and he has been co-editor of The Journal of Interdisciplinary History since its founding.
John Robertson is Professor of the History of Political Thought at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Clare College. He moved to Cambridge in 2010 from Oxford, where he was a University Lecturer in History and a Fellow of St Hugh’s College. He is the author of The Case for the Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples 1680–1760 (Cambridge, 2005), and of the Very Short Introduction to the Enlightenment (Oxford, 2015). He is currently working on a study of the application of sacred history to political thinking about the formation of society from Spinoza to Pagano, to be delivered as the Carlyle Lectures in the University of Oxford in 2016.
Matthew P. Romaniello is Associate Professor of History at University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. He is the author of The Elusive Empire: Kazan and the Creation of Russia, 1552–1671 (Madison, WI, 2012), co-editor of Nobility in Early Modern Europe (Farnham, 2011) with Charles Lipp, and co-editor of Tobacco in Russian History and Culture (New York, 2009) with Tricia Starks. He is currently completing a monograph on the commodities trade and consumption habits in Russia.
Hamish Scott is an Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow and Wardlaw Professor Emeritus of International History at the University of St Andrews. A Fellow of the British Academy and of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, he has published extensively on eighteenth-century international relations, most recently The Birth of a Great Power System, 1740–1815 (Harlow, 2007), and has edited volumes on enlightened absolutism, nobility, and political culture. He is currently completing Forming Aristocracy: The Reconfiguration of Europe’s Nobilities, c.1300–1750, to be published by Oxford University Press.
Louis Sicking is Lecturer in Medieval and Early Modern History at Leiden University and Professor of the History of Public International Law at VU University Amsterdam. He has published primarily on maritime and overseas history, including Neptune and the Netherlands. State, Economy and War at Sea in the Renaissance (Leiden, 2004) and Colonial Borderlands. France and the Netherlands in the Atlantic in the Nineteenth Century (The Hague, 2008). He has edited Beyond the Catch. Fisheries of the North Atlantic, the North Sea and the Baltic, 900–1850 (Leiden, 2009) with Darlene Abreu Ferreira, Briève instruction en causes civiles. Filips Wielant verzameld werk II (Brussels, 2009) with C.H. van Rhee, and Bourgondië voorbij. De Nederlanden 1250–1650. Liber alumnorum Wim Blockmans (Utrecht, 2010) with Mario Damen. He is co-author of De Tachtigjarige Oorlog. Van opstand naar geregelde oorlog, 1568–1648 (Amsterdam, 2013), a new military history of the Eighty Years’ War. He is currently finishing a book on the role of the sea in the rise of the Low Countries on the eve of the Dutch Golden Age.
Brendan Simms is Professor in the History of European International Relations, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Peterhouse. His publications include The Impact of Napoleon. Prussian High (p. xxiii) Politics, Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Executive, 1797–1806 (Cambridge, 1997); The Struggle for Mastery in Germany, 1780–1850 (Basingstoke, 1998); Unfinest Hour. Britain and the Destruction of Bosnia (London, 2001), (Bosnian and Serbian Edition: Nasramniji Trenutak. Britanija i unistavanje Bosne (Sarajevo and Belgrade, 2003)); Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire (London, 2007); and Europe. The Struggle for Supremacy, 1453 to the present (London, 2013). His current project is a strategic biography of Hitler.
Carol B. Stevens is Professor of History at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York. In addition to a number of articles, she has published Soldiers on the Steppe (DeKalb, IL, 1995); The Fundamentals of Defectology (Problems of Abnormal Psychology and Learning Disabilities), vol. 2 of Collected Works of L. S. Vygotsky, introduction and translation (with J. Knox) (Berlin, 2013); and Russia’s Wars of Emergence (Harlow, 2007). She is currently at work on two projects, one involving a legal case brought by a young woman against a Russian army major for attempted rape (mid-eighteenth century) and another on French Swiss vintners’ colonies in southern Russia (nineteenth century).
James D. Tracy taught history at the University of Minnesota from 1966 until 2009 and is now Professor Emeritus. He has published works on Erasmus, the political and fiscal history of the Low Countries, Emperor Charles V, European long-distance trade, and Europe’s Reformations. His most recent monograph is The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance and Politics in Holland, 1572–1586 (Oxford, 2008), and he is currently at work on a book on the Balkan Wars: Habsburg Croatia, Ottoman Bosnia, and Venetian Dalmatia, 1499–1606.
R. Bin Wong is Director of the Asia Institute and Distinguished Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. Among his books are China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience (Ithaca, NY, 1997) and, with Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, Before and Beyond Divergence: The Politics of Economic Change in China and Europe (Cambridge, MA, 2011). He is currently working on a nineteenth-century global economic history to be published by Harvard University Press in English and C.H. Beck in German.