- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Tables and Diagrams
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- A Return to the Ancient World?
- Political Thought
- The Scientific Revolution
- Art and Architecture
- Europe’s Enlightenment
- Exploration and Navigation
- Iberian Empires
- Northern European Empire in Asia: The VOC
- Jesuit Missions
- Colonial Societies
- Trade and the Global Economy
- Asian Connections and Chinese Comparisons: The Unconquered East
- Monarchy in Western and Central Europe
- Monarchy in Northern and Eastern Europe
- Authority and Popular Resistance
- Royal Courts
- Taxation and State Debt
- Republics and Republicanism
- Warfare on Land
- European Naval Warfare
- The Ottoman Empire and Europe
- Europe’s Shifting Balance of Power
- The Emergence of Diplomacy
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents a historiographical and historical overview of the Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It surveys historical writing on the Scientific Revolution from the triumphalist accounts of the early twentieth century that glorified the scientific heroes of physics and astronomy, to the more sceptical and nuanced accounts of the later twentieth and early twenty-first century. Modern work gives attention to subjects like astrology and alchemy and incorporates a diverse range of contributors, including women and men, artisans and scholars, Islamic and indigenous peoples, as well as Europeans. This chapter discusses some of the dramatic shifts in understanding the natural world that took place during the early modern period, focusing particularly on the shift from a geocentric to a heliocentric cosmology and on the rise of experimental methods.
Kathleen Crowther is an associate professor in the Department of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine at the University of Oklahoma. Her first book, Adam and Eve in the Protestant Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) won the Gerald Strauss Prize of the Sixteenth Century Society and Conference for best new book in Reformation studies. She is currently working on a book about Sacrobosco’s Sphere in medieval and early modern Europe.
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