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date: 24 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter studies early modern Ottoman history in its Eurasian context, as the Ottomans established relations with, fought wars against, influenced, and were influenced by their neighbours and rivals. Ottoman military capabilities played an important role in shaping the course of Ottoman history and Constantinople’s relations with her neighbours and rivals. Therefore, the chapter examines these capabilities and the continually evolving socio-economic systems and institutions that made Ottoman military might possible. Blending history and historiography, sub-sections discuss the emergence of the Ottoman dynasty, the question of religiously motivated conquest during the formation of the early Ottoman polity, the significance of the conquest of Byzantine Constantinople, the Ottoman prebendal system and households as sinews of Ottoman power, Ottoman pragmatism in administering the empire, evolving Ottoman boundary conceptions and policies, the role of diplomacy in European–Ottoman relations, the crises of the seventeenth century, and the resultant Ottoman military and fiscal transformations.

Keywords: Ottoman empire, Constantinople, diplomacy, borders and borderlands, wars, state finances

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