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date: 09 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys major ‘republics’ and approaches to ‘republicanism’. Early modern analysis on the dangers of monarchs and people alike led to complex arguments under what circumstances and with which means faith, liberty, and privileges could be secured against king, neighbours, and foreign foes. Though these arguments remained embedded in different traditions of classical thought and in constellations of people, elites, international power politics, and constitutional forms increasingly idiosyncratic to each emerging individual polity, they remained connected to each other by observing power politics and revolutions as well as arguments developed in other polities. Uncompromising praise of a kingless republic or demands for unconditional subjection to a king remained fringe phenomena. But within the major emphases on preserving faith, life, liberty and privilege in a war ridden Europe, the plurality of modern approaches to research is more than matched by the plurality of themes and arguments ventured in the past.3

Keywords: Republic, republicanism, elites, privileges, war, civil war, participation, political analysis

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