- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Tables and Diagrams
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- A Return to the Ancient World?
- Political Thought
- The Scientific Revolution
- Art and Architecture
- Europe’s Enlightenment
- Exploration and Navigation
- Iberian Empires
- Northern European Empire in Asia: The VOC
- Jesuit Missions
- Colonial Societies
- Trade and the Global Economy
- Asian Connections and Chinese Comparisons: The Unconquered East
- Monarchy in Western and Central Europe
- Monarchy in Northern and Eastern Europe
- Authority and Popular Resistance
- Royal Courts
- Taxation and State Debt
- Republics and Republicanism
- Warfare on Land
- European Naval Warfare
- The Ottoman Empire and Europe
- Europe’s Shifting Balance of Power
- The Emergence of Diplomacy
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
North European commercial expansion in Asia took shape within the framework of a typical early modern commercial institution: the chartered company. In 1602, shortly after the foundation of its English rival, several Dutch trading companies merged to form the United East India Company (VOC), the first joint stock overseas trading company based on permanent share capital. Batavia (Jakarta) on Java came to serve as the fulcrum of a wide-ranging inter-Asian trade network, based upon a monopoly of spice imports from the Indonesian archipelago. During the eighteenth century the fortunes of the Company declined, as it encountered formidable competition from French and English rivals. Yet on Java and Ceylon the Company strengthened its territorial hold and became a colonial power. It was declared bankrupt and lost its charter in 1799.
Leonard Blussé is Professor of East and South East Asian History at Leiden University, where he is teaching and doing research on the history of Asian–European relations. His present research focuses on Chinese seafaring and emigration in early modern time. His publications include Visible Cities: Canton, Nagasaki and Batavia and the Coming of the Americans (2008), Bitter Bonds, A Colonial Divorce Drama of the Seventeenth Century (2002) and Strange Company, Chinese Settlers, Mestizo Women and the Dutch in VOC Batavia (1988).
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