Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 17 January 2020

(p. xix) List of Contributors

(p. xix) List of Contributors

James S. Amelang has been Professor of Early Modern History at the Universidad Autónoma of Madrid since 1989. He has published several works on the urban history of early modern Europe, beginning with Honored Citizens of Barcelona: Patrician Culture and Class Relations, 14901714 (Princeton, NJ, 1986), and has translated and edited A Journal of the Plague Year: The Diary of the Barcelona Tanner Miquel Parets, 1651 (Oxford, 1991). He is also the author of The Flight of Icarus: Artisan Autobiography in Early Modern Europe (Stanford, CA, 1998); his most recent book is Parallel Histories: Jews and Muslims in Inquisitorial Spain (Baton Rouge, LA, 2013). While his main project now is to finish The Oxford History of Early Modern Spain, his future plans include publishing a study (tentatively titled Writing Cities) of diverse aspects of urban discourse in early modern Europe.

Ann Blair is Henry Charles Lea Professor of History at Harvard University where she focuses on book history and the cultural and intellectual history of early modern Europe. She is the author of The Theater of Nature: Jean Bodin and Renaissance Science (Princeton, NJ, 1997) and Too Much to Know: Managing Scholarly Information Before the Modern Age (New Haven, CT, 2010) and has co-edited special issues on early modern note-taking (in Intellectual History Review 20(3) (2010)) and archiving (in Archival Science 7(4) (2007)).

Caroline Castiglione is a historian in the departments of Italian Studies and History at Brown University. Her research interests are political, cultural, gender, and women’s history in Italy between 1500 and 1800. Her first book, Patrons and Adversaries: Nobles and Villagers in Italian Politics, 16401760 (Oxford, 2005) won the Helen and Howard R. Marraro Prize from the Society for Italian Historical Studies in 2005. She has completed a study of Accounting for Affection: Mothering and Politics in Rome, 16301730, which examines the symbiotic evolution of politics and mothering in early modern Rome, and is forthcoming from Palgrave Macmillan.

Nikolaos A. Chrissidis is Professor of Russian History at Southern Connecticut State University, United States. He received his BA from Aristotle University of Thessalonike (1990), and his Ph.D. from Yale University (2000). A specialist on the religious and cultural history of early modern Russia (with occasional forays into the modern period, as well) and on Russian–Greek cultural relations, he has authored articles and essays and co-edited the volume Religion and Identity in Russia and the Soviet Union: A Festschrift for Paul Bushkovitch (Bloomington, IN, 2011). He is currently preparing his monograph, entitled An Academy for the Tsar’s Courtiers: Greek Scholars and Jesuit Education in Early Modern Russia, for publication.

(p. xx) David J. Collins, S.J. received his Ph.D. from Northwestern University in 2004, and is an Associate Professor of Medieval History at Georgetown University. He has written extensively on the medieval and early modern cult of the saints, Renaissance humanism in Germany, and learned magic in the Middle Ages. His book Reforming Saints (Oxford, 2008) examines the expansive literature on saints produced by the early humanists in Germany. He is currently the senior editor of the Cambridge History of Magic and Witchcraft in the West from Antiquity to the Present (Cambridge, forthcoming), and his present research is focused on the development, reception, and ultimate rejection of scholastic approaches to learned magic—alchemy, astrology, and divination—in the later Middle Ages and early modern period.

Gerhard Dohrn-van Rossum studied in Berlin and Heidelberg, and his dissertation dealt with organic metaphors in political language. His Ph.D. thesis was about the social history of clockwork and timing. He has been visiting Professor in Zürich, Bielefeld, and Chicago. His book Geschichte der Stunde (Munich, 1992) has been translated into English, French, Portuguese, and Japanese. From 1994 he was Professor of Medieval History at the University of Technology in Chemnitz (Germany). Now Emeritus, he continues to work on time measurement, time consciousness, and on technological innovation in early modern Europe.

Devin Fitzgerald is a graduate student in East Asian History at Harvard University, preparing a dissertation entitled ‘News in the Making of Early Modern China: The Ming–Qing Conflict in Global Information Networks’. His work uses news, correspondence, contemporary propaganda, and government reports written in Inner Asian, East Asian, and European languages to chart changing perceptions of ‘China’ before and after the Manchu invasion. Devin is a co-founder of the Manchu Studies Group and a staff writer for the Ultimate History Project.

Andreas Gestrich is Director of the German Historical Institute London. Before he joined the Institute he was Professor of Modern History at the University of Trier. His present research interests comprise the history of family, childhood, and youth, the history of poverty and poor relief, media history, and the social history of religious groups. His publications include: Absolutismus und Öffentlichkeit: Politische Kommunikation in Deutschland zu Beginn des 18. Jahrhunderts (Göttingen, 1994), Familie im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (Munich, 1999), (ed. with Lutz Raphael) Inklusion/Exklusion: Studien zu Fremdheit und Armut von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart (Frankfurt-am-Main, 2004), and (ed. with Christiane Eisenberg), Cultural Industries in Britain and Germany: Sport, Music and Entertainment from the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century (Augsburg, 2012).

Regina Grafe (Ph.D. London School of Economics 2001) is Professor of Early Modern History at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy. She previously taught at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, the London School of Economics, the University of Oxford, and Northwestern University. She has published three monographs on early modern Spanish and European history, most recently Distant Tyranny. Markets, Power and Backwardness in Spain, 16501800 (Princeton, NJ, 2012), and numerous articles on (p. xxi) the economic history of the Hispanic world, the comparative history of empires, and commercial and maritime institutions. She is currently completing a book on governance in the Spanish Empire before 1820 (co-authored with M.A. Irigoin).

Mack P. Holt is Professor of History at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, United States, where he has taught since 1989. He has published a variety of books and articles on the Reformation, the French Wars of Religion, and on the history of wine. He is currently finishing a book titled Branches of the Vine: Reformation and Culture in Burgundy, 14771630 (forthcoming), which addresses why vineyard workers in sixteenth-century Burgundy were so opposed to the Reformation. And he has begun a new project tentatively titled ‘Reading the Bible in Reformation France’, which attempts to adduce how lay readers read their Bibles newly translated into French by an examination of readers’ marks in several hundred surviving Bibles printed in the sixteenth century.

Robert Allan Houston was born in Hamilton, Scotland, lived in India and Ghana and was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and St Andrews University before spending six years at Cambridge University as a research student (Peterhouse) and research fellow (Clare College). He has worked at the University of St Andrews since 1983 and is Professor of Early Modern History, specializing in British social history. His most recent books from Oxford University Press are Punishing the Dead? Suicide, Lordship and Community in Britain, 1500–1830 (2010) and Bride Ales and Penny Weddings: Recreations, Reciprocity, and Regions in Britain from the Sixteenth to the Nineteenth Century (2014). He is a fellow of both the Royal Historical Society and the Royal Society of Edinburgh (Scotland’s national academy), and a member of the Academia Europaea.

Margaret R. Hunt is Professor of History at Uppsala University. She is the author of The Middling Sort: Commerce, Gender and the Family in England 16801780 (Berkeley, CA, 1996) and of Women in Eighteenth-century Europe (Harlow, 2010) and numerous articles on subjects to do with gender, the law, the family, and maritime history. She is currently working on a book on an English East India Company ship and its crew in England and abroad in the later seventeenth century.

Valerie A. Kivelson is Thomas N. Tentler Collegiate Professor and Arthur F. Thurnau Professor of History at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She has published widely on varied aspects of early modern Russian history, including the history of cartography, visuality, religion, and witchcraft. Her books include Desperate Magic: The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Russia (Ithaca, NY, 2013), and Cartographies of Tsardom: The Land and Its Meanings in Seventeenth-Century Russia (Ithaca, NY, 2006), which received several awards. She is currently co-authoring a book on Russia’s empires with Ronald G. Suny and continuing her explorations of the visual using Muscovite illustrated chronicles.

Tijana Krstić is Associate Professor at the Department of Medieval Studies at Central European University (Budapest). Her research and publications have focused on the issues of religious polemics, conversion to Islam, translation, and migration in the (p. xxii) context of early modern Ottoman and Mediterranean history. She is the author of Contested Conversions to Islam: Narratives of Religious Change in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (Stanford, CA, 2011). Currently, she is working on a project that explores Ottoman religious politics in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in the broader framework of early modern confession-, community-, and state-building projects.

Markus Küpker studied at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität in Münster, Germany, where he received his doctorate in 2002 for a study of demographic and economic development in the northwest German region of Tecklenburg between 1750 and 1870. This was published as Weber, Hausierer, Hollandgänger. Demografischer und wirtschaftlicher Wandel im ländlichen Raum: Das Tecklenburger Land (Frankfurt/New York, 2008). He subsequently worked in Münster and then at the University of Cambridge on a number of research projects in historical demography and economic history. He now works on an educational initiative aimed at bringing about sustained improvement in educational structures in North-Rhine-Westphalia.

Mary Lindemann is Professor of History at the University of Miami, and an authority on early modern German, Dutch, and Flemish history and medical history. She is the author of Patriots and Paupers: Hamburg, 17121830 (New York and Oxford, 1990); Health and Healing in Eighteenth-Century Germany (Baltimore, MD, 1996); Medicine and Society in Early Modern Europe, 2nd edn. (Cambridge, 2010); Liaisons Dangereuses: Sex, Law, and Diplomacy in the Age of Frederick the Great (Baltimore, MD, 2006); and The Merchant Republics: Amsterdam, Antwerp, and Hamburg, 16481790 (Cambridge, 2015). The recipient of numerous major scholarly awards including an NEH Fellowship, a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship, and fellowships at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIAS) in Wassenaar and the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenbüttel, her current project is a study of ‘The Fractured Lands: Northern Germany in an Age of Unending War, 1627–1721’.

Anne McCants is Professor of History at MIT, where she is also a Margaret MacVicar Faculty Fellow, Director of the Concourse Freshmen Learning Community, and Housemaster of Burton Conner. She is the author of Civic Charity in a Golden Age: Orphan Care in Early Modern Amsterdam (Urbana, IL, 1997), and numerous articles on historical demography, material culture, and the standard of living in medieval and early modern Europe. Her current research includes a major study of the economic and institutional basis for the building of Gothic cathedrals in the high Middle Ages and, in collaboration with a team of economists, engineers, and historians, a study of the first Portuguese-built railroad in the valley of the Tua River (Douro region) in the late nineteenth century. She is the editor of the journal, Social Science History.

Janine Christina Maegraith is Special Supervisor for History at Newnham College, Cambridge, and obtained her Ph.D. in 2005 from the University of Stuttgart. She worked as a Research Associate from 2005–12 on two research projects at Cambridge University: ‘Economy, Gender, and Social Capital in the German Demographic Transition’ (p. xxiii) (Geography Department), and ‘Human Well-Being and the “Industrious Revolution”: Consumption, Gender and Social Capital in a German Developing Economy’ (Faculty of Economics). She is a founding member of the Research Network ‘Material Culture and Consumption in Early Modern Europe’, and has published a book and articles on early modern convents, secularization, and pharmacy, on partible inheritance and, together with Sheilagh C. Ogilvie and Markus Küpker, on household debt and the material culture of food in early modern Germany. She is currently engaged in a project on legal spaces and gender order in South Tirol.

Edgar Melton, Professor Emeritus at Wright State University, has published numerous articles and papers on the agrarian history of Russia and east central Europe. His most recent publications include ‘The Junkers of Brandenburg–Prussia’, in H. M. Scott (ed.), The European Nobilities in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, 2nd edn. (Basingstoke, 2007), and ‘Manorialism and Rural Subjection in East Central Europe’, in David Eltis and Stanley Engerman (eds.), The Cambridge History of Slavery (Cambridge, 2011).

Craig Muldrew is a Reader in History at the University of Cambridge. He has worked on the economic and social role of trust in the development of the market economy in England between 1500 and 1700, published as The Economy of Obligation: The Culture of Credit and Social Relations in Early Modern England (Basingstoke, 1998), and the living standards and work of agricultural labourers in the early modern English economy: Food, Energy and the Creation of Industriousness: Work and Material Culture in Agrarian England, 1550–1780 (Cambridge, 2011). He has written articles in the field of legal history concerning debt litigation, and articles on the cultural nature of money, and wages in the early modern period. He is also engaged on a long-term project examining the development of the concept of self-control and its effect on the structure of community, as well as how banks came to be trusted in eighteenth-century England.

Fania Oz-Salzberger is Professor of History at the University of Haifa’s Faculty of Law. She was Laurance S. Rockefeller Visiting Professor at Princeton University and Leon Liberman Chair of Israel Studies at Monash University. Her books include Translating the Enlightenment: Scottish Civic Discourse in Eighteenth-Century Germany (Oxford, 1995), and Jews and Words (New Haven, CT, 2012) (co-authored with Amos Oz). She has published numerous articles on the Scottish and the German Enlightenments, political Hebraism, and translation in early modern Europe. Her current research interest is the transmission of political texts across linguistic and cultural boundaries.

Christian Pfister is Emeritus Professor of Economic, Social and Environmental History at Berne University, where he taught from 1990 to 2009. Among the books he has written or edited are: Das Klima der Schweiz und seine Bedeutung in der Geschichte von Bevölkerung und Landwirtschaft 15251863 (Bern, 1984); The Silent Countdown. Essays in European Environmental History (co-edited with Peter Brimblecombe) (Berlin, New York, 1990); Im Strom der Modernisierung. Bevölkerung, Wirtschaft und (p. xxiv) Umwelt im Kanton Bern 17001914 (Bern, 1995); Das 1950er Syndrom. Der Weg in die Konsumgesellschaft (Bern, 1995); Wetternachhersage. 500 Jahre Klimavariationen und Naturkatastrophen 1496–1995 (Bern, 1999); Natural Disasters, Cultural Responses: Case Studies Toward a Global Environmental History (co-edited with Christof Mauch) (Lanham, 2009). In addition to numerous articles in German, he has written more than fifty articles in English on population history, agricultural history, economic history, climate history, and disaster history. He received the Theodor Kocher Award from the University of Bern, the Eduard Brückner Award for interdisciplinary achievements in Climate History, and a Dr. honoris causa from the Universitad Ricardo Palma, Lima (Peru). He founded the European Society for Environmental History together with Verena Winiwarter.

James Raven is Professor of Modern History, University of Essex, and a Fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge. Formerly he was Reader in Social and Cultural History, University of Oxford, and Professorial Fellow of Mansfield College. He is the author, editor, and co-editor of numerous books and articles in early modern and modern British, European, and colonial history, including Judging New Wealth (Oxford, 1992); London Booksellers and American Customers (Columbia, SC, 2002); Lost Libraries (Basingstoke, 2004); The Business of Books (New Haven, CT, 2007); Books between Europe and the Americas (Basingstoke, 2011); Bookscape: Geographies of Printing and Publishing in London before 1800 (Chicago, IL, 2014); and Publishing Business in Eighteenth-Century England (Martlesham, 2014). He is also editor of the forthcoming Oxford Illustrated History of the Book.

Ulinka Rublack is Professor of Early Modern European History at Cambridge University, where she is a Fellow of St John’s College. Her key publications include Reformation Europe (Cambridge, 2000) and Dressing Up: Cultural Identity in Renaissance Europe (Oxford, 2010). Her book Kepler’s Mother: The Story of Witchcraft in the Astronomer´s Family will be published in 2015. She is the editor of the Oxford Handbook of Protestant Reformations, which will be published in 2016.

David B. Ruderman is the Joseph Meyerhoff Professor of Modern Jewish History and Ella Darivoff Director of the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to coming to Pennsylvania, he taught at the University of Maryland (1974–83) and at Yale University (1983–94). He is the author of many books and articles including The World of a Renaissance Jew (Cincinnati, OH, 1981); Kabbalah, Magic, and Science (Cambridge, MA, 1988); A Valley of Vision (Philadelphia, PA, 1990); Jewish Thought and Scientific Discovery in Early Modern Europe (Detroit, MI, 1995, 2001), published also in Italian, Hebrew, and Russian; Jewish Enlightenment in an English Key: Anglo-Jewry’s Construction of Modern Jewish Thought (Princeton, NJ, 2000); Connecting the Covenants: Judaism and the Search for Christian Identity in Eighteenth Century England (Philadelphia, PA, 2007), and Early Modern Jewry: A New Cultural History (Princeton, NJ, 2010). Three of these books, including the last, won national book awards in Jewish history. He is a past president of the American Academy (p. xxv) for Jewish Research. In 2001, the National Foundation for Jewish Culture honoured him with its lifetime achievement award for his work in Jewish history.

Hamish Scott is an Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow and Wardlaw Professor Emeritus of International History at the University of St Andrews. A Fellow of the British Academy and of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, he has published extensively on eighteenth-century international relations, most recently The Birth of a Great Power System, 17401815 (Harlow, 2007), and has edited volumes on enlightened absolutism, nobility and political culture. He is currently completing Forming Aristocracy: The Reconfiguration of Europe’s Nobilities, c.13001750, to be published by Oxford University Press.

Tom Scott is Honorary Professor in the School of History at the University of St Andrews, and a member of the Reformation Studies Institute. He is the author or editor of thirteen books and over seventy articles. His research has focused on town–country relations, regional economic systems, regional identity, and popular rebellions in South-West Germany and, more recently, on city states in Europe. His latest publications include The City State in Europe, 10001600: Hinterland, Territory, Region (Oxford, 2012) and The Early Reformation in Europe: between Secular Impact and Radical Vision (Farnham, 2013). He holds an M.A., Ph.D., and Litt.D. from the University of Cambridge.

Mikołaj Szołtysek is a Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle (Germany), where he is part of the transdisciplinary agenda associated with the ‘Resilience and Transformation in Eurasia’ project. Previously he was a Research Scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock, where he was a Deputy Head of the Laboratory of Historical Demography, between 2008 and 2014. His research lies in the field of historical demography, principally the contours, persistence, and change in family and demographic patterns in historical eastern-central Europe. He has published numerous articles in journals such as Population, Continuity and Change, Journal of Family History, Annales de Demographie Historique, and Journal of Comparative Family Studies. Together with Josh Goldstein and Siegfried Gruber, he developed The MOSAIC-Project (, an international initiative intended to provide census microdata from historic Europe for collaborative research in family and demography.

Nicholas Terpstra is Professor of History at the University of Toronto. He specializes in the intersections of gender, politics, religion, and charity in early modern Italy. Recent publications include Cultures of Charity: Women, Politics, and the Reform of Poor Relief in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge, MA, 2013), and Lost Girls: Sex & Death in Renaissance Florence (Baltimore, MD, 2010). He is currently working on a project to produce an online digital map of Renaissance Florence, the Digitally Encoded Census Information and Mapping Archive or DECIMA ( His latest book is Religious Refugees in the Early Modern World: An Alternative History of the Reformation (Cambridge, 2015).

List of Contributors

Europe—a peninsula at the western extremity of Eurasia: physical regions

(p. xxvi)