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date: 18 January 2020

(p. 745) Index of Names and Places

(p. 745) Index of Names and Places

Numbers in bold refer to illustrations, maps, and tables.

Aachen, 518
Aberdeen, 496
Adam and Eve, 589, 724
Africanus, Leo (Al-Hasan al-Wazzan) (c.1494–c.1554), 687
Ago, Renata, 380, 388
al-Andalus, 552, 672, 676
al-Idrīsī, Muhammad (1099–1161), 43
Alexander the Great, King of Macedon (356–323 bc), 41
Alexandre, Pierre, 81
Alexandria, 254, 616, 626, 634, 639
Alexei Mikhailovich, Tsar of Russia (1629–1676), 632
Alfonso X, King of Castile (1221–1284), 672
Algiers, 677, 684–5
Alhambra palace (Granada), 676
Allen, Robert C., 410, 419, 423
Alsace, 12, 402, 514
America(s), 42, 48, 49–50, 53, 63, 74, 99, 167, 250, 252, 258, 273, 335, 373, 375–6, 402, 471, 510, 527, 532, 574, 610, 616–17, 621, 654
American Society for Environmental History, 70
Amiens, 500, 502
Anatolia, 88, 626, 672–5, 678, 685
Andalusia, 399–400, 413
Anderson, Benedict, 186, 208, 234
Anderson, Michael, 135
Andreae, Johann Valentin (1586–1654), 585
Anglicus, Robertus (Robert the Englishman) (fl. 1271), 146
Angola, 621
Antioch, 626, 634
Antwerp, 173, 179, 222, 225, 257, 259, 272, 377, 381, 389–90, 403, 411, 481, 483, 494, 497, 604
Aquapendente, Hieronymous Fabricius ad (1533–1619), 102
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint (1225–1274), 297, 554
Aragon, 672–3
Aristotle (384–322 bc), 67n14, 145, 229, 554, 603, 738
Arminius, Jacobus (1560–1609), 726
Asch, Ronald G., 301
Asia Minor (Scythia), 38, 51, 59, 626
Astrakhan, 59, 445, 637
Augsburg, 108, 110, 173, 183, 222, 378, 385, 401, 484, 488, 517
August, Elector of Saxony (1526–1586), 575
Augustine, Saint (354–430), 123, 145, 577, 597n20, 727
Australia, 37
Austria, 73, 87, 125, 173, 327, 334, 373, 385, 410, 486, 488, 516, 680, 682
Auvergne, 171, 220, 417
Avignon, 42, 254, 545–8, 607
Aztec empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685–1750), 171
Bacon, Francis (1561–1626), 163n39
Bailey, Gauvin, 621
(p. 746) Bakhtin, Mikhail, 703
Balassy, Bálint (1554–1594), 197
Baltic region, 22, 41, 51, 59, 75, 169, 176, 203–4, 222, 253, 327, 329, 334, 404, 428, 430, 434, 447n18, 484, 500
Barbarossa, Hayreddin (c.1478–1546), 677
Barcelona, 111, 400, 460, 466, 468, 486, 491, 516
Barlow, Edward (1639–1719), 155
Baron, Salo W., 656
Bartlett, Robert, 40, 42
Basil II, Grand Prince of Moscow (1415–1462), 631
Basle, 214, 222–3, 298, 377, 386, 551
Basle Hospital, 80
Basque country, 334
Bassin, Mark, 57, 59, 64
Batavia (present-day Jakarta; capital of early modern Dutch East Indies), 259
Bavaria, 171, 175, 304, 402, 432, 516, 613
Bavel, Bas van, 410, 419, 423
Baxter, Richard (1615–1691), 156
Béaur, Gérard, 411, 424
Beauvaisis, 15, 458
Behringer, Wolfgang, 166
Beijing (Peking), 166, 259
Bekker, Balthasar (1634–1698), 593
Belgium, 110, 125, 325–6, 334, 410, 498, 509, 514, 688
Belgrade, 330, 680
Belorussia/Belarus (sometimes Byelorussia), 55, 201, 326, 330, 335–6, 436, 439–41, 446, 450n53, 450n55, 626
Belting, Hans, 586
Bembo, Pietro (1470–1547), 200
Benedict XIII (Pedro Martínez de Luna y Pérez de Gotor), Antipope (1328–1423), 548
Benedict, Phillip, 613
Benevolo, Leonardo, 503
Bennassar, Bartolomé, 502
Berengo, Marino, 463, 503
Bergamo, 383, 463
Berlin, 110, 155, 158, 446, 492, 494, 531
Berlin, Isaiah, 4
Bernardino of Siena, Saint (13801444), 549, 621
Berne, 480
Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598–1680), 619
Berwick-upon-Tweed, 173
Bever, Edward, 708
Biel, Gabriel (14201495), 555
Bielefeld, University of, 10
Bilbao, 274
Bilfinger, Gustav, 146
Birmingham, 373, 482
Black, Christopher, 614
Black Forest, 516, 530
Blaeu, Willem (1571–1638), 63
Blayney, Peter, 224
Bloch, Marc (1886–1944), 12, 14
Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313–1375), 197, 200
Bodin, Jean (1530–1596), 247
Bodley, Thomas (1545–1613), 224
Boerhaave, Hermann (1668–1738), 101
Böhme, Jacob (c.1575–1624), 585
Bologna, 379, 462–3, 491, 556, 605, 614
Bomberg, Daniel (d. 1549), 658
Bona Sforza, Queen of Poland (1494–1557), 440
Bonifacio Hospital (Florence), 110–11
Bora, Katharina von (1499–1552), 581
Bordeaux, 274, 483–4
Borromeo, Carlo, Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal and Saint (1538–1584), 609, 727
Bosnia, 679–80
Bossy, John, 726
Boston, 215
Boswell, John, 353–4
Botero, Giovanni (c.1544–1617), 492
Böttger, Johann Friedrich (1682–1719), 518
Brabant, 403, 411
Brady, Thomas A., Jr., 580
Brandenburg, 279, 434, 436, 449n42, 449n45, 450n48
Brandenburg–Prussia, 305, 430, 439
see also Brandenburg
Brant, Sebastian (1457–1521), 197
Braude, Benjamin, 42, 66n10
Braudel, Fernand, 14–16, 23n2, 165, 375, 456–8, 469, 473–5, 503
(p. 747) Bray, Alan, 354
Brázdil, Rudolf
Brazil, 47, 276, 377, 390, 621, 654
Bremen, 169
Brenner, Robert, 398, 403–4, 418–19, 422–4
Brescia, 220, 517
Breslau, 223–4
Brewer, John, 371, 387
Bridget of Sweden, Saint (1303–1373), 546
Bristol, 274, 357
Bristol Infirmary, 109
British Academy, 4
British Board of Longitude, 155
Brittany, 301, 400–1, 413, 417
Brooke, John L., 71
Brown, Christopher Boyd, 592
Brown, Elizabeth A. R., 32n103
Brown, John C., 123
Brown, Peter, 5, 25n22
Brueghel, Pieter, the Elder (c.1525–1569), 187n11, 604
Bruges, 198, 403, 411, 481, 604
Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377–1446), 148
Brunner, Otto (1898–1982), 19–20
Brussels, 173, 175, 494
Bruyère, Jean de la (1645–1696), 469
Bucer, Martin (1491–1551), 564, 725
Buda, 221, 680, 682
see also Budapest
Budapest, 681
see also Buda
Bulgaria, 51, 528, 628
Bullinger, Heinrich (1504–1575), 248, 563
Bünting, Heinrich (c.1545–1606), 52
Burckhardt, Jacob (1818–1897), 19, 496
Burgundy, 400, 436, 724
Burke, Edmund (1729–1797), 740
Burke, Peter, 160, 205, 212n61, 616, 696–8, 703, 706, 710, 714n7, 714n13, 716n74, 722, 731
Burkhardt, Johannes, 17
Butler, Judith, 346, 717n88
Butter, Nathaniel (d. 1664), 257
Buxtehude, Dieterich (c.1637–1707), 171
Bynum, Caroline Walker, 365, 578
Byzantine (East Roman) empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Byzantium, 646, 674
Cadiz, 222, 357, 483
Caesar, Julius (100–44 bc), 48
Cairo, 479, 675
Calais, 485
California, 222
Calvin, John (1509–1564), 197, 561–3, 584, 591–2, 721, 725–6, 728
Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, 119, 125, 137–9, 316–17, 336
Campanella, Tommaso (1568–1639), 162n23
Campbell, Bruce, 417
Canada, 252
Canal du Midi (France), 184
Canisius, Peter (1521–1597), 551
Canton (China), 62
Capaccio, Giulio Cesare (1550–1634), 465
Carboni, Mauro, 388
Cardoso, Abraham (1626–1706), 661, 665
Caribbean region, 345, 357, 430, 742
Carinthia, 224, 385, 517
Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881), 347–8
Carmarthen, 482
Carolus, Johann (1575–1634), 178, 257
Carr, E. H. (1892–1982), 120
Carracci, Annibale (1560–1609), 474
Casa, Giovanni della (1503–1556), 699
Casimir III, King of Poland (1310–1370), 436
Castiglione, Baldassare (1478–1529), 699
Castile, 285, 300, 302, 413, 464, 672–3
Catalonia, 84, 278, 283, 334, 400, 460, 468, 514
Catherine I, Empress of Russia (1684–1727), 638
Catherine II, Empress of Russia (Catherine the Great) (1729–1796), 59, 352, 633, 645–6
Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England (1485–1536), 563
Catherine of Siena, Saint (1347–1380), 547
Caxton, William (1415–1492), 198
Central America, 167
Cerman, Markus, 356–7
Cervantes, Miguel de (1547–1616), 197, 199
Charité Hospital (Berlin), 110
Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1600–1649), 160, 258, 730
Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1630–1685), 160
(p. 748) Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1316–1378), 436
Charles V/I, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Spain, and ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1500–1558), 2, 173, 256, 464, 499, 558, 565, 593, 676, 679, 704, 729
Charles VII, King of France (1403–1461), 556
Charles XII, King of Sweden (1682–1718), 55, 342
Chartier, Roger, 202, 270
Chaucer, Geoffrey (1343–1400), 197
Chayanov, Alexander, 422
Chelebi, Evliya (1611–c.1682), 685
Cheyne, George (1671–1743), 107
Chiarugi, Vincenzo (1759–1820), 110–11
China, 19, 58–60, 62, 74, 133, 136, 166–7, 176, 237, 252, 259, 277, 286, 363, 369, 375–6,
Christina, Queen of Sweden (1626–1689), 224
Chrysoloras, Manuel (1355–1415), 43
Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106–43 bc), 555
Cipolla, Carlo, 227
Clark, Sir George N. (1890–1979), 6, 26n26, 26n28
Clark, Gregory, 134, 139, 142n26, 273
Clark, Stuart, 733
Clavius, Christopher (1538–1612), 251
Clement VI (Pierre Roger), Pope (1291–1352), 546
Clement VII (Robert of Geneva), Antipope (1342–1394), 547
Clunas, Craig, 363
Coale, Ansley, 122
Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, Louis XIV’s economic, financial and naval minister (1619–1683), 184–5, 251–2, 288, 301, 530
Coleman, Donald Cuthbert, 142n16
Colet, John (1467–1519), 551
Collège de France (Paris), 16
College of Physicians (London), 111
College of Physicians (Venice), 113
Collegium Germanicum (Rome), 305
Cologne, 52, 304, 402, 486, 496, 550
Colombo, Realdo (1516–1559), 102
Columbus, Christopher (1451–1506), 2, 48, 98, 553–4
Condorcet, Nicolas de (1743–1794), 741
Constantinople (Istanbul), 2, 18, 178, 222, 254, 369, 456, 466, 470, 479, 514, 553, 608, 626, 628–31, 634–5, 639–42, 647, 656, 658–9, 673, 678–9
Cook, Harold, 116n20
Copenhagen, 181, 201, 222, 493, 519
Copernicus, Nicholas (1473–1543), 251
Cordoba, 484
Cornaro, Luigi (1484–1566), 107
Cornwall, 382, 420, 518
Corsica, 415
Cortés, Hernán (1485–1547), 593
Costa, Leonor Freire, 276
Coudray, Angélique Marguerite Le Boursier du (1712–1792), 105
Cracow (Krakow), 180, 220, 223, 377, 436–7, 446, 496, 518, 655, 658–9
Cranach, Lucas (c.1472–1553), 581–2
Cranmer, Thomas (1489–1556), 563–4
Cressy, David, 208, 232
Crete, 38, 57, 630
Crimea, 88
Cromwell, Thomas (c.1485–1540), 564
Curaçao, 654
Cyprus, 57, 553, 628
Czech Republic, 81–2, 323, 370, 374, 511
Czechoslovakia, 329
d’Ailly, Pierre (13511420), 548
d’Alembert, Jean le Rond (1717–1783), 201, 247
Dakhlia, Jocelyne, 689
Dalché, Patrick Gautier, 43
Dante (Durante degli Alighieri) (c.1265–1321), 197, 200
Danzig, 222, 224, 431, 438, 485, 534, 654
Darnton, Robert, 229, 234, 698
Darwin, Charles (1809–1892), 742
Datini, Francesco (1335–1410), 254
Davis, Natalie Zemon, 596n13, 699, 736
De La Court brothers (Johan (1620–1678) and Pieter (1618–1685)), 599n64
Dei, Benedetto (1418–1492), 255
Delft, 381, 481, 518
Delhi, 479
Delisle, Joseph-Nicolas (1688–1768), 64, 65
Delumeau, Jean, 502, 703, 721
Descartes, René (1596–1650), 11, 101, 248, 251, 641
Deyon, Pierre, 502
Diderot, Denis (1713–1784), 201, 252, 739
Dilke, O. A. W., 66n3
Ditchfield, Simon, 612, 616
Dobrovolny, Petr, 81
Dominican Republic, 554
Dondi, Giovanni (c.1330–1388), 148
Dondi, Jacopo (1290–1359), 148
Dordrecht, 418, 583
Dositheos, Patriarch of Jerusalem (1669–1707), 629
Dover, 173, 485
Dresden, 576, 586
Dublin, 411, 482, 492, 496–7
Dubnow, Simon, 656
Duchy of Burgundy, 21
see also Burgundy
Dugaw, Dianne, 708
Dürer, Albrecht (1471–1528), 604
Durkheim, Émile (1858–1917), 7, 498
Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC)), 253, 275, 483, 485
Dutch Republic (also known as the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands), 18, 99, 106, 126, 132, 157, 183, 204, 257, 272, 274, 276, 281, 287–9, 308, 327, 370, 372, 378, 380–1, 482, 485, 495, 497, 500, 509, 514, 518–19, 521–2, 531–5, 587, 654, 685, 727, 730, 733, 742
Dutch West India Company, 277
Dyos, H. J., 502
East Indies, 253
Eck, Johann (14861543), 559
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, 13
Edinburgh, 109, 482, 487, 494, 496
Egypt, 626, 677
Eisenstein, Elizabeth, 229–30, 722, 731–2
Elias, Norbert, 501
Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1533–1603), 55, 253, 730
Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine and Queen of Bohemia (1596–1662), 248, 589
Elliott, J. H., 4
Emden, Jacob (1697–1776), 662
Emigh, Rebecca Jean, 416
Engels, Friedrich (1820–1895), 146, 158
Engelsing, Rolf, 207
English East India Company, 253, 382, 485
Epstein, Stephan R., 410, 413, 415, 461, 500
Erasmus, Desiderius (1466–1536), 195, 231, 248, 261n21, 550, 555, 582
Estonia, 323, 329, 428
Eugenius IV (Gabriele Condulmer), Pope (1383–1447), 608
Eurasian Project on Population and Family History, 316, 319
Europa (mythological princess), 38, 48, 49–50, 51–4, 52, 66
European Association of Urban Historians, 502
European Fertility Project, 122–3
European Society for Environmental History, 70
European Union, 38, 60
Eustachi, Bartolomeo (c.1500–1574), 102
Eybeschütz, Jonathan (1690–1764), 662
Fairchild, Cissie, 156
Farel, Guillaume (14891565), 562
Farge, Arlette, 711
Farr, James, 613
(p. 750) Febvre, Lucien (1878–1956), 12–14, 86, 228
Federal Republic of Germany, 8–11
Ferdinand II, King of Aragon (King of Spain as ‘Ferdinand V’) (1452–1516), 464, 556, 676
Ferdinando II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1610–1670), 78
Ferguson, Adam (1723–1816), 201
Fermat, Pierre de (1601–1665), 114
Ferrara, 553
Fiamma, Galvano (1283–1344), 147
Fielding, Henry (1707–1754), 195
Finland, 87, 184, 204, 330, 335, 417, 499
Finn, Margot, 390
Fischer-Kowalski, Marina, 71
Fissell, Mary E., 116n20
Fletcher, Giles, the Elder (c.1548–1611), 55
Florence Cathedral, 148
Flynn, Michael W., 121
Fogel, Robert, 135–6
Fondaco dei Turchi (Venice), 684–5
Fontaine, Laurence, 222
Forster, Marc, 613, 732
Foucault, Michel, 108, 346, 474, 491, 704
Francis I, King of France (1494–1547), 256, 492, 565
Franconia, 150, 401–2
Frank, Jacob (1726–1791), 661–2, 665
Frankfurt-am-Main, 175, 178, 222–4, 233, 378, 484, 487
Franklin, Benjamin (1706–1790), 155–6
Franz, Günther, 142n21
Frederick II, King of Prussia (Frederick the Great) (1712–1786), 110, 347
Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (Frederick the Wise) (1463–1525), 560, 579
Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia (1596–1632), 589
Free University (Berlin), 11
Fugger, Jakob (1459–1525), 110
Galassi, Francesco, 415
Galen of Pergamun (129–c.199 ce), 100, 229
Galicia, 327, 334
Galilei, Galileo (1564–1642), 78, 195, 251, 474, 738
Garden of Eden, 589
Garin, Eugenio, 225
Gascony, 171
Gaunt, David, 404
Geertz, Clifford, 697–8
Gennep, Arnold van (1873–1857), 697
Genoa, 464, 468, 516, 634, 681, 683
Genovese, Eugene, 694
Gerhard, Dietrich (1896–1985), 20
German Democratic Republic, 9
Germania, 56
Gerson, Jean (1363–1429), 245, 548, 551
Gessner, Conrad (1516–1565), 247
Ghent, 403, 411, 490, 498
Ghosh, Shami, 424
Gidelli, Yça (fl. mid-15th century), 673
Ginzburg, Carlo, 230, 473–4, 698, 701–3, 721–2, 731–2, 735
(p. 751) Glasgow, 153, 274, 482, 496, 590
Glikl of Hameln (1646–1724), 204
Goa, 554, 612, 621
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1749–1832), 201
Gog and Magog (legendary giants), 41
Goldstone, Jack, 133
Gotland, 54
Göttingen, 520
Goubert, Pierre, 15, 116n18, 458
Gouge, Olympe de (1748–1793), 741
Grafton, Anthony, 32n105, 195
Granada, 672–3, 676–8, 687
Grand Canal (China), 166
Grantham, George, 129, 135
Graunt, John (1620–1674), 114, 250
Great Britain/British Isles, 1, 5, 16, 18, 82, 138, 155, 158, 179, 185, 218, 274, 276, 277, 281–2, 287, 302, 305, 307–8, 331, 357, 373, 405–7, 457, 460, 482, 487, 492–3, 496–7, 500–2, 509, 584, 666, 735, 742
Great Minster (Zürich), 561
Greece, 37–9, 51, 327, 457, 742
Greenland, 83
Greenwich Hospital (later Royal Naval College, London), 110
Greg, W. W., 227
Gregory XI (Pierre Roger de Beaufort), Pope (c.1329–1378), 546
Gregory XII (Angelo Corraro), Pope (c.1326–1417), 546
Gregory XIII (Ugo Boncompagni), Pope (1502–1585), 160, 614
Gregory, Brad, 593–5
Griffiths, Elizabeth, 382
Groningen, 106, 374, 403, 409, 418
Groote, Geert (134084), 550
Guildhall (London), 150
Guinnane, Timothy, 123
Gumilev, Lev, 453n89
Gustav II Adolf, King of Sweden (1594–1632), 301
Gutenberg, Johannes (1395–1468), 165, 192, 196, 214–17, 219, 232, 551, 732, 736–7
Gutmann, Myron, 132
Guyon, Mme (Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de la Motte-Guyon) (1648–1717), 362
Habermas, Jürgen, 26n33, 165, 234–5, 258
Habsburg empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Hackel, Heide Brayman, 203, 205
Hagen, William, 431
Hagioreites, Nikodemos, Saint (1749–1809), 642–3
Ḥagiẓ, Moses (1671–c.1750), 662
Hajnal, John, 126, 138, 319, 321–3, 328–9
Hakluyt, Richard (1553–1616), 252
Halle, 496
Halle, University of, 102
Hamm, Bernd, 595
Hammermen of Glasgow (trade guild), 153
Handel, George Frederick (1685–1759), 496
Harrison, John (1693–1776), 155
Hartman, Mary, 138–40
Hartwell, R. M., 134
Harvey, William (1578–1657), 102
Hatcher, John, 135, 137
Hay, Denys, 37–8
Ḥayon, Nehemiah (c.1650–c.1730), 661–2
Heal, Bridget, 584
Heijden, H. A. M. van der, 44–5
Hellespont, 57
Helmont, Joan Baptista van, 101
Henning, Joachim, 433
Henry III, King of France (1551–1589), 301
Henry VIII, King of England (1491–1547), 557, 563–4
Henry, Louis, 119
Herberstein, Sigismund von (1486–1566), 56–7
Herder, Johann Gottfried (1744–1803), 201
Hesse, Carla, 234
Hildegard of Bingen (1098?–1179), 351
Hinrichs, Carl (1900–1962), 11
Hippocrates (c.460–c.370 bc), 100
Hispaniola, 554
Hobbes, Thomas (1588–1679), 196, 295
Hobsbawm, Eric, 129, 131–2
Hoch, Steven, 444
Hoffman, Philip, 416
Hogarth, William (1697–1764), 160, 203
Holbach, Baron Paul Heinrich d’ (1723–1789), 740
(p. 752) Holbein, Hans (c.1497–1543), 44
Holberg, Ludvig (1684–1754), 197
Holstein, 434, 436, 439, 449n42
Holland, 62, 374, 377, 381, 389, 403–4, 409, 411–12, 417, 482, 485, 487, 686
Holt, Mack, 613
Holy Land, 41, 169, 565, 626, 629
Holy Roman Empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Homer (8th century BCE), 201, 553
Hondius, Hendrik (1597–1651), 48, 49
Hondius, Jodocus (1563–1612), 48
Hong Kong, 97
Hooke, Robert (1635–1703), 155
Hooper, John (c.1495–1555), 563
Hoorn, 112
Hôtel-Dieu Hospital (Paris), 104
Houston, Rab, 418
Hoyle, Richard, 419
Hrushevskii, Mikhailo, 55
Hugh of Lucca (Uggo Borgognoni) (d. 1252/8), 112
Huizinga, Johann, 16–17, 501, 544
Hume, David (1711–1776), 484–5, 498
Hungary, 75, 82, 125, 173, 194, 197, 215, 223–4, 323, 328, 330, 335, 378, 428, 563, 655, 679–81
Huntington, Ellsworth, 84
Hus, Jan (1369–1415), 194, 551, 560, 577
Hutchison, Ragnhild, 284
Huygens, Christiaan (1629–1695), 114, 154–5
Iberia/Iberian Peninsula, 18, 21, 138, 173, 182, 271, 282, 322, 333–4, 399–401, 412, 459, 464, 468, 552, 554, 617, 620–1, 652, 654, 664, 670, 672–3, 675–7
see also Portugal; Spain
Ibn Arabi (d. 1240), 675
Iceland, 81–3, 327, 329, 404–5
Ignatius of Loyola, Saint (c.1491–1556), 550, 565, 594
Inca empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
India, 19, 60–1, 375, 554, 617
Innocent III (Lotario dei Conti di Segni), Pope (1160/1–1216), 727, 734
Innsbruck, 173
International Consortium of Environmental History Organizations, 70
International Society for Historical Climatology and Climate History, 77
Invalides Hospital (Paris), 110
Ireland, 124, 125, 250, 283, 287, 334, 405, 407–11, 410, 482, 496, 501–2
Isabella I, Queen of Castile (1451–1504), 464, 556, 676
Isidore of Seville, Saint (c.560–636), 39–40, 40
Israel, 654–5
Isserles, Moses (1520–1572), 658
Ivan III, Grand Prince of Moscow (Ivan the Great) (1440–1505), 176
Ivan IV, Grand Prince of Moscow and Tsar of Russia (Ivan the Terrible) (1530–1584), 55, 56, 442, 451n50, 645
Jacobs, Federika, 621
James I and VI, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland (1566–1625), 501, 608, 730
James II and VII, King of England, Ireland, and Scotland (1633–1701), 251, 731, 738
Japan, 19, 237, 363, 479, 554
Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826), 739
Jenkinson, Anthony (1529–1610/11), 55, 56
Jerome, Saint (c.347–420), 231
Jerusalem, 40, 553, 626, 629, 631, 634, 639, 655
Jesus College, Cambridge, 15, 127
Joan of Arc (c.1412–1431), 245
John III, King of Portugal (1502–1557), 554
John XXIII (Baldassarre Cossa), Antipope (c.1370–1419), 548
John of Leiden (1509–1536), 561
(p. 753) John of Luxemburg, King of Bohemia (1296–1346), 436
Johnson, William Cory (1823–1892), 6, 25n25
Jonas, Justus (1493–1555), 572
Jones, Eric, 134
Jones, Gryffith (c.1684–1761), 200
Joseph II, ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy (1741–1790) and Holy Roman Emperor (1765–1790), 202, 385
Juan de Segovia (late 14th century–c.1458), 672
Julian of Norwich, Saint (c.1342–c.1416), 546
Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere), Pope (1443–1513), 554, 580, 608
Julius III (Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte), Pope (1487–1555), 565
Kamen, Henry, 271
Kames, Henry Home, Lord (1696–1782), 407
Kamlah, Wilhelm (1905–1976), 11, 28n58
Kaplan, Benjamin, 730
Karant-Nunn, Susan, 578, 589, 591
Karo, Joseph (1488–1575), 658
Kates, Robert W., 85
Katz, Jacob, 656
Kaufmann, Thomas, 587, 600n87
Kazan, 59, 637
Keller, Christoph (‘Cellarius’) (1638–1707), 2, 23n4
Kelly, Morgan, 279, 292n43
Kepler, Johannes (1571–1630), 248, 251, 738
Kerala, 61
Keynes, John Maynard (1883–1946), 120
Khmelnytsky, Bohdan (1595–1657), 441
Kiev, 41, 485, 631, 633, 640
Kievan Rus’, 21, 434
King’s College, Cambridge, 6
Kirilov, I. K. (1689–1737), 64, 65
Klußmann, Jan, 439
Knox, John (1514–1572), 205
Knox, Vicesimus (1752–1821), 245–6
Koberger, Anton (c.1440–1513), 222
Kochanowski, Jan (1530–1584),
Koenigsberger, H. G., 4
Koerner, Joseph Leo, 586
Kok, Jan, 319
Königsberg, East Prussia (now Kaliningrad), 158, 223, 441
Koraes, Adamantios (1748–1833), 641
Korea, 237
Korydalleus, Theophilos (1563–1646), 640, 642
Koselleck, Reinhart, 10
Koslofsky, Craig, 585
Köster, H. M. (fl. c.1800), 10
Krämer, Daniel, 86
Kramer, Heinrich (c.1430–1505), 735
Kriedte, Peter, 520
Kula, Witold, 430
Kwass, Michael, 288
Kyrillos I Loukaris, Patriarch of Constantinople (1572–1637), 629, 640, 646
La Bruyère, see Bruyère
La Mettrie, Julien (1709–1751), 101
La Rochelle, 484, 495
Labrousse, Charles-Ernest (1895–1986), 14–15, 30n80, 30n82, 130
Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy, 15–16, 77, 458
Lamb, Hubert, 77
Lambert of Saint Omer (c.1061–1125), 40
Langton, Jack, 424
Languedoc, 15–16, 171, 400, 458, 736
Laslett, Peter, 316, 319, 322, 327, 333
Lasso, Orlando di (1532–1594), 575
Lasswell, Harold, 230
Latin America, 7, 252, 349, 576, 617
Latour, Bruno, 235
Latvia, 323, 329, 334, 428
Lavedan, Pierre, 503
Le Goff, Jacques, 20, 146, 148, 152
Lee, Ronald, 135
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646–1716), 201, 225, 641
Leiden, 486, 496, 688
Leiden, University of, 101
Leijonhufvud, Lotta, 80
Leipzig, 222, 224, 226, 233, 238, 278, 559
Leo X (Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici), Pope (1475–1521), 687
León, Luis de (1527–1591), 473
Levant region (early modern term for the eastern Mediterranean), 38, 103, 375, 552
Levi, Giovanni, 473–4
Lima (Peru), 215
Lisbon, 229, 274–5, 357, 377, 483, 500, 565, 615
Lithuania, 41, 55, 170, 233, 323, 329, 335, 428, 436, 440, 446, 450n55, 631, 654–5
Liverpool, 274, 357, 482
Livi-Bacci, Massimo, 135
Livonia, 441, 446, 453n88
Livorno, 655–7, 664, 681, 683
Lloyds of London, 275
Locke, John (1632–1704), 641, 731, 738–41
Lombardy, 200–1, 399, 408, 410, 472, 486, 514
see also Milan
Louis I, King of Spain (1707–1724), 99
Louis XI, King of France (1423–1483), 174
Louis XIII, King of France (1601–1643), 608
Louis, XIV, King of France (1638–1715), 2, 110, 184, 252, 254, 288, 490, 492, 731
Louis XV, King of France (1710–1774), 99
Louvre Museum (Paris), 686
Loyseau, Charles (1564–1627), 296
Lübeck, 108, 169, 171, 222, 436, 480, 500
Lucca, 330, 408, 414–15
Ludolph of Saxony, theologian (1300–1377), 551
Lüneburg (town in Lower Saxony), 73
Luria, Isaac (1534–1572), 661
Luterbacher, Jürg, 81
Luzzatto, Moses Ḥayyim (1707–1746), 662
Lyons, 220, 222, 255, 484, 488, 490, 494, 516, 604
McAdam, John Loudon (1756–1836), 168
McCants, Anne, 381
Macfarlane, Alan, 419
Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469–1527), 200–1
McKendrick, Neil, 371, 373, 376, 385
Maclean, Ian, 237
McLuhan, Marshall, 166
McMahon, Darrin M., 740
Madrid, 459, 492, 494, 498, 608, 615
Magellanica (land of Magellan), 48, 50
Magnus, Olaus, Swedish author and churchman (1490–1557), 55
Mahmood, Saba, 364
Mainz, 214, 219, 545, 557, 732, 737
Maitland, William (c.1693–1757), 156
Maizeaux, Pierre Des (c.1666–1745), 236
Malanima, Paolo, 125, 380
Malines (Mechelen), 110
Małowist, Marian, 430
Malta, 686
Malthus, Robert Thomas (1766–1834), 15, 114, 120, 127–8, 131–3, 136
Manchester, 373, 482
Mandeville, Bernard (1670–1733), 371
Mandrou, Robert, 220
Manila, 275, 621
Mantua, 655, 660
Manutius, Aldus (1449–1515), 225
Margaret Mary Alacoque, Saint (1647–1690), 621
Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia and Archduchess of Austria (1717–1780), 352
Marie de l’Incarnation (1599–1672), 253
Markham, Gervase (c.1568–1637), 154
Marnix, Phillips van (1538–98), 197
Marrou, Henri-Irénée, 5
Marseille, 97, 130, 467, 494, 681, 683
Martin V (Otto Colonna), Pope (1369–1431), 547, 565
Martin, Henri-Jean, 228
Martini, Martino (1614–1661), 259
Marx, Karl (1818–1883), 7, 15, 146, 158, 308, 344–5, 347, 421, 586, 503
Mary I, Queen of England and Ireland (1516–1558), 564
Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1662–1694), 738
Maslen, Keith, 227
Matar, Nabil, 61, 682
(p. 755) Matthias I, King of Hungary and Croatia (1443–1490), 224
Maxim the Greek (Michael Trivoles) (c.1475–1556), 631
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459–1519), 173, 198
Mecklenburg, 279, 434, 436–7, 439, 447n19
Medick, Hans, 373, 386, 395n61, 458, 520
Mehmed II, Ottoman sultan (1432–1481), 678, 680
Melanchthon, Philip (1497–1560), 560, 571–2
Mendels, Franklin, 284, 520
Menocchio of Monte Reale (Domenico Scandella) (1532–1599), 230, 701–3, 721–2, 732, 736
Mercator, Gerard (1512–1594), 44–5, 51, 53, 56–7, 67n14
Merian, Matthäus (1593–1650), 494
Merrick, Jeffrey, 354
Meslier, Jean (1664–1729), 740
Messina (town on Sicily), 97
Mexico, 621, 654
Mexico City, 215, 275
Michael I (Michael Romanov), Tsar of Russia (1596–1645), 632
Michelangelo (Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) (1475–1564), 347
Middelburg, 357
Midelfort, H. C. Erik, 117n22
Mieck, Ilja, 11, 28n57
Milan, 114, 147, 149, 157, 172, 201, 410, 464, 516, 609, 727
Milan Cathedral, 153
Mildmay, Grace (c.1552–1620), 105
Milton, John (1608–1674), 223
Minerva (Roman goddess), 51
Ming dynasty (1368–1644), 19, 62, 133, 166–7, 259
Mintz, Sydney, 275
Misson, Henri (fl. c.1700), 155
Mitterauer, Michael, 432
Moctezuma II, Aztec emperor (c.1466–1520), 593
Mohyla Academy (Kiev), 633, 640
Mohyla, Peter, Metropolitan of Kiev (1596–1646), 633, 639, 646
Moldavia, 221, 628–9, 644
Moll, Herman (1654?–1732), 55
Mongol empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Montagu, Mary Wortley (1689–1762), 103, 206
Montaigne, Michel de (1533–1592), 720, 723, 728, 740
Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de (1689–1755), 206
Moore, R. I., 40
Moravia, 223, 323, 434, 516, 528
More, Thomas (1478–1535), 153, 195
Morelli, Giovanni di Pagolo (1371–1444), 461–2
Mornet, Daniel, 220
Morocco, 677
Morosini, Antonio (1365–1434), 254
Morrall, Andrew, 586–7
Moscow, 56–7, 62–3, 97, 130, 147, 176, 181, 184, 226, 257, 441, 443, 485, 629, 631–2, 634, 646
Moscow Printing House, 223
Muldrew, Craig, 382
Munich, 619, 681
Münster, 298, 408, 495, 561
Münster, Sebastian (1488–1552), 45, 46, 51–2, 54–5
Müntzer, Thomas (c.1489–1525), 298, 560, 582–3
Murray, Margaret (1863–1963), 707
Muscovy, 47, 51, 55–9, 56, 58, 175–6, 180, 626, 630–1, 644
see also Russia
Muzzarelli, Louisa, 388
Näf, Werner, 11
Nagasaki (city in Japan), 259
Nanjing, 166
Nantes, 274, 357, 484, 494
Napier, John (1550–1617), 251
Napier, Richard (1559–1634), 107
Naples, 87, 171–3, 200, 278, 369, 465–6, 482, 485, 492, 681
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821), 347, 546
Nathan of Gaza (1643/4–1680), 661, 665
Nedham, Marchamont (1620–1678), 258
Negroponte, 178, 255–6
Nelson, Admiral Horatio, 1st Viscount Nelson (1758–1805), 347
New England, 247
New France, 253
New Lanark, 153
Newton, Isaac (1642–1727), 145, 251, 738
Nicaea (Iznik), 674–5
Nicholas V (Tommaso Parentucelli), Pope (1397–1455), 608
Nicholas of Cusa (Nicolaus Cusanus) (14011464), 550, 579
Nicolini, Estaban, 135
Niño de Guevara, Cardinal Fernando, Archbishop of Seville and Grand Inquisitor of Spain (1541–1609), 609, 614
Noah (biblical figure), 39–40, 42, 48–9
Norfolk, 206, 406, 420, 422
Normandy, 172, 251, 256, 400–1, 413, 514, 518
North America, 1, 5, 7, 37, 47, 99, 234, 335, 345, 357, 654
Norton, Mary, 376
Norway, 54, 201, 281, 284, 287, 332, 334, 404, 417, 486
Norwich, 106, 482
Notaras, Makarios, Saint (1731–1805), 642
Novgorod, 41, 169, 176, 184, 443, 637, 646
Nuremberg (Nürnberg), 150, 222, 307, 378, 385, 401, 463, 486–7, 519
O’Grada, Cormac, 279, 292n43
O’Malley, John, 612
O’Rourke, Kevin H., 275
Oakley, Francis, 544
Oestreich, Gerhard, 12
Ogilvie, Sheilagh, 133, 373
Oldenburg, Henry (1619–1677), 224, 248
Oresme, Nicole (c.1325–1382), 145
Orhan, Ottoman sultan (1327–1359), 673–4
Origen, 231 (184/5–253/4 AD), 231
Orléans, 183, 245
Ortelius, Abraham (1528–1598), 44, 48, 50, 55–7, 63
Osnabrück, 528
Ottoman empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Oughtred, William (1574–1660), 251
Overton, Mark, 406, 422
Owen, Robert (1771–1858), 153–4
Pacioli, Luca (1447–1517), 250
Paderborn, 527
Padua, 148, 463, 640, 660
Padua, University of, 640
Paine, Thomas (1737–1809), 362, 739–40
Palazzo Capitanato (Padua), 148
Palma, Nuno, 273, 276
Paracelsus (Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim) (1493–1541), 101
Pardailhé-Galabrun, Annick, 383
Paré, Ambroise (1510–1590), 104
Paris, University of, 14, 146, 245, 548, 639, 734
Parker, David, 732
Parker, Geoffrey, 87, 140, 278–9
Parker, W. H., 60, 64
Parsons, Talcott, 7, 344
Pascal, Blaise (1623–1662), 114, 251, 740
Paul II (Pietro Barbo), Pope (1417–1471), 463
Pelling, Margaret, 116n20
Pepys, Samuel (1633–1703), 162n32, 388
Persia/Iran, 38, 61, 688
Peru, 612, 621
Peter I, Tsar and Emperor of Russia (Peter the Great) (1672–1725), 55, 58–60, 63–4, 181, 184, 205, 226, 363, 442, 633, 638, 640–1, 645, 647
Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) (1304–1374), 2, 147, 154, 197, 200, 567n10, 740
Pettegree, Andrew, 597n32, 737
Petty, William (1623–1687), 114, 250
Pfister, Christian, 86, 284
Philip I, King of Spain and ruler of Burgundy and the Netherlands (1478–1506), 173
(p. 757) Philip II, King of Spain (1527–1598), 252, 608, 676
Philippines, 612
Piedmont, 200, 473
see also Savoy
Pinel, Philippe (1745–1826), 110
Pirenne, Henri, 479, 484, 501
Pirożyiński, Jan, 223
Pisa, 414–15, 548, 655, 664
Pitt, William, the Younger (1759–1806), 156
Pius II (Enea Silvio Piccolomini), Pope (14051464), 548, 553
Plancius, Petrus (1552–1622),47
Plantin, Christophe (c.1520–1589), 231, 497
Pliny the Elder (23–79 ad), 39, 67n14, 229, 247
Plumb, J. H., 371
Poland–Lithuania, 18, 175, 180, 223, 300, 304, 323, 328, 330, 333, 335–6, 652, 655–8
Polanyi, Karl, 503
Pomerania, 279, 434, 436, 447n19, 450n45
Pomeranz, Kenneth, 62, 277
Portal, Roger, 445
Portugal, 61, 64, 125, 214, 274, 276–8, 276, 277–8, 281, 302, 322, 334, 357, 400, 518, 615, 653–4, 664, 681, 742
Postan, M. M., 131
Poznan, 485, 488
Prague, 170, 179, 222, 229, 248, 436, 446, 485, 577, 582–3, 608, 655, 660
Prokopovich, Feofan (1681–1736), 633, 638, 640
Provence, 171, 400
Ptolemy, Claudius (c.100–c.175), 38, 43–5, 45, 48, 252
Puerto Rico, 554
Pullan, Brian, 502
Putsch, Johann ‘Bucius’ (1516–1542), 51, 52
Pylarini, Giacomo (1659–1718), 103
Qing dynasty (1644–1912), 19, 133
Quad, Matthias (1557–1613), 52
Quare, Daniel (1649–1724), 155
Quebec, 253, 612
Quintilian, Marcus Fabius (c.35–100 ce), 555
Quorli, Giovanni (fl. mid-17th century), 177
Rabb, Theodore K., 4
Rabelais, François (1483/94–1553), 197
Rackham, Oliver, 72
Radkau, Joachim, 71
Raffensperger, Christian, 41
Ramus, Peter (1515–1572), 247
Ranke, Leopold von (1795–1886), 574
Redfield, Robert, 696
Reiner, Elhanan, 658
Reinhard, Wolfgang, 613
Reis, Jaime, 273, 276
Reith, Reinhold, 71
Remezov, Semyon (c.1642–c.1720), 63–4, 63
Renaudot, Théophraste (1586–1653), 111, 257
Reni, Guido (1575–1642), 619
Reuchlin, Johann (1455–1522), 552
Reynolds, Gonzague de, 60
Rhazes (Muhammad ibn Zakariyā Rāzī) (854–925), 99
Rhineland, 18, 22, 158, 169, 178, 217, 253, 402, 433, 488, 500, 529, 550, 552, 653
Ricci, Matteo (1552–1610), 62
Riccoboni, Marie Jeanne (1714–1792), 362
Richard of Wallingford (1292–1336), 148
Richardson, Samuel (1689–1761), 226, 234
Richelieu (Armand Jean du Plessis), Cardinal and leading minister of Louis XIII (1585–1642), 180
Riegl, Alois, 5
Riga, 436, 488
Ringmann, Mathias (1482–1511), 45
Ripa, Cesare (1560–1622), 49
Riphaean Mountains (mythical), 57
Roche, Daniel, 378, 383–4, 386–7
Rocke, Michael, 354
Roger II, King of Sicily (1095–1154), 43
Rojas, Fernando de (1465–1541), 197
Roman empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Romania, 333, 628–9, 644, 655
Rouen, 256, 484, 486, 500
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712–1778), 298, 350, 362, 739
Royal Infirmary (Edinburgh), 109
Royal Society (London), 224
Rubens, Peter Paul (1577–1640), 619
Rublack, Ulinka, 385
Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (1552–1612), 608
Ruggles, Steven, 319
Rumeli, 673–5, 679–80, 685
Rus’, 41, 58, 631
see also Kievan Rus’
Russian empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Ryrie, Alec, 584
Sabean, David, 705
Sade, Marquis de (Donatien Alphonse François) (1740–1814), 712
Safavid empire, see Index of Subjects: empire
Said, Edward, 349, 688
St. Albans Abbey (Hertfordshire), 148
St. Andrews (Scotland), 499
St. Gallen (Switzerland), 516
St. Mary Bethlehem (aka Bedlam, London), 110
St. Mary’s Abbey (York), 161n17
St. Michael’s Church (Munich), 619
St. Peter’s Basilica (Rome), 580, 608
St. Petersburg, 58, 138, 184, 219, 222, 226, 321, 329, 446, 492
Saint-Domingue (Haiti), 273, 742
Salpêtrière Hospital (Paris), 110
Salzkammergut (Austria), 73
San Paolo Hospital (Florence), 109
Sandgruber, Roman, 373, 385, 392n12
Sanson, Nicolas (1600–1667), 55
Santa Maria Nuova Hospital (Florence), 109
Santiago de Compostela, 44, 147, 169, 495
Santo Domingo, 554
Sardinia, 415
Sarti, Raffaella, 375
Sasportas, Jacob (1610–1698), 662
Satan, 157, 581, 585, 593, 733, 735
Sauvages, François Boissier de (1706–1767), 102
Savonarola, Girolamo (1452–1498), 549
Savoy, 222, 562
see also Piedmont
Saxony, 73, 401–2, 432, 514, 516–18, 529, 584, 592
Scandinavia, 18, 41, 55, 124, 125, 198, 223, 233, 282, 289, 302, 325, 331–2, 334, 401, 404, 407, 417, 482, 494, 496, 502, 525, 535
Schama, Simon, 381
Schaw, Janet (c.1731–c.1801), 358–9
Schilling, Heinz, 20, 32n104, 594, 597n19, 613
Schlumbohm, Jürgen, 520
Schmidt, Benjamin, 53
Schofield, Roger S., 136, 138–9, 272
Scholarios, Gennadios, Patriarch of Constantinople (c.1400–c.1473), 635–6
Scholem, Gershom, 661
Schwenkfeld, Caspar (1489/90–1561), 575
Scot, Reginald (c.1538–1599), 733
Scotland, 54, 87, 125, 173, 185, 198, 205, 218, 272, 382, 405–7, 418, 420, 422, 482, 486, 492–3, 498, 509, 518, 563, 590–1, 727, 733
Scribner, Robert, 232, 256, 545, 566n8, 572, 597n32, 699
Segovia, 484, 486
Semevskii, V. I., 444
Sen, Amartya, 130
Serbia, 628, 674
Seville, 225, 275, 357, 482–3, 609, 614
Shakespeare, William (1564–1616), 197, 223
Shaw-Taylor, Leigh, 421
Shedel, Hartmann (1440–1514),39
Shepard, Alexandra, 388
Siberia, 63–4, 445, 633, 645
Sibylla of Württemberg, Duchess of Saxony (1584–1606), 589
(p. 759) Sicily, 43, 51, 87, 399, 461, 474, 485, 565
Sieferle, Rolf Peter, 71, 75
Siegemund, Justine (1636–1705), 105
Siegerland (North Rhine–Westphalia), 73
Siemann, Wolfram, 70
Siena, 414, 463, 621
Sièyes, Emmanuel Joseph, Abbé (1748–1836), 362
Sigismund I, King of Poland (1467–1548), 440
Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (also Zygmunt II August) (1520–1572), 224, 440
Sigismund of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor (1368–1437), 547–8
Silesia, 149, 433–6, 516–18, 528
Simiand, François (1873–1935), 14–15, 130
Simmon, Ian, 71
Sixtus IV (Francesco della Rovere), Pope (1414–1484), 556
Sixtus V (Felice Peretti di Montalto), Pope (1521–1590), 612
Sklar, June, 323, 329
Slack, Paul, 250
Slovakia, 323, 517
Smil, Vaclav, 74
Smith, Adam (1727–1790), 167, 370–1, 376, 484–6, 503
Smith, Helmut Walser, 208
Smith, Jeffrey Chipps, 619
Smith, Richard, 418
Smith, Robert, 418
Smolensk, 169
Smyrna, 657
Société Typographique de Neuchâtel, 225
Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier (1506–1579), 679
Solinus, Gaius Iulius, Latin author and compiler (3rd century ad), 39
Solow, Robert, 120
Sombart, Werner (1863–1941), 11, 484
South America, 37, 99, 167, 345, 357, 515, 517
Southcott, Joanna (1750–1814), 351
Soviet Union, 7, 60
Spaeth, Don, 388
Speyer, 488
Spinola, Andrea, Doge in Genoa (1562–1641), 468
Spinoza, Benedict (Baruch) (1632–1677), 663
Sprenger, Jacob (1436/8–1495), 735
Sreenivasan, Govind, 18
Stahl, Georg (1659–1734), 101–2
Stanziani, Alessandro, 443
Starn, Randolph, 120, 142n16
Stationers’ Company (London), 218, 233
Staupitz, Johannes von (c.1460–1524), 580
Stehr, Nico, 84
Stephen of Perm, Saint (1340–1396), 637
Stockholm, 80, 176, 180, 224
Stolberg, 518, 583
Stone, Lawrence, 197
Storch, Hans von, 84
Straet, Jan van der (Johannes Stradanus) (1523–1605), 48
Strahan, Andrew (1749–1831), 226
Strahan, William (1715–1785), 226
Strahlenberg, Phillip-Johann von (1676–1747), 59
Strasbourg (Strassburg), 12, 178, 257, 500, 562, 575
Strasbourg, University of, 12
Strauss, Gerald, 592
Street, Brian, 203
Styles, John, 382, 387, 390
Styria, 224, 688
Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, 61
Süleyman I (the Magnificent), Ottoman sultan (1494–1566), 679–80
Sung dynasty (960–1279), 167, 376
Süssmilch, Johann (1707–67), 114
Svedberg, Jesper (1653–1735), 342–4
Swabia, 175, 401, 516, 530
Sweden, 55, 87, 176, 180, 204, 223–4, 247, 281, 301, 314, 325, 330, 334, 342–3, 361, 404, 417, 493, 514, 517, 519, 525, 531, 546, 633, 727, 733
Switzerland, 80–3, 125, 377, 401, 411, 417, 484, 486, 492, 509, 514, 516, 527, 529, 550, 574, 582
Sydenham, Thomas (1624–89), 102
Syria, 626, 677
Szasz, Thomas, 96, 108
Szołtysek, Mikołaj, 323
(p. 760) Tagliacozzi, Gaspare (1549–1599), 104
Taiwan (Formosa), 259
T’ang dynasty (618–888), 167
Tatishchev, Vasilii (1686–1750), 59–60
Tauler, Johannes (1300–1361), 546
Taxis family, 157, 173–5
Te Brake, Wayne, 710
Tenochtitlan, 479, 593
Teresa of Avila, Saint (1515–1582), 351
Tetzel, Johann (14651519), 559
The Hague, 222, 248
Thirsk, Joan, 392n4
Thoen, Erik, 419
Thomas, Keith, 4, 205, 721, 731
Thomas à Kempis (13801471), 550, 580, 604
Thompson, E. P., 146, 154, 159, 237, 348–9, 706, 711
Thuringia, 171, 401, 432
Tibbett, Gerald, 61
Tikhonov, Iu., 443
Tilly, Charles, 503
Timoni, Emmanuel (c.1670–1718), 103
Timur (Tamerlane) (1320s/30s–1405), 674
Tocqueville, Alexis de (1805–1859), 19
Todd, Margo, 590–1
Tokugawa shogunate, 19
Toledo, 481, 484, 517
Tönnies, Ferdinand, 237
Topik, Steven, 62
Topolski, Jerzy, 430
Toulon, 683
Toussaint Louverture, François-Dominique (1743–1803), 742
Toynbee, Arthur, 37
Trakulhun, Sven, 259
Transylvania, 221, 576, 680
Trieste, 138, 321, 329
Trinity St. Sergii monastery (Sergiyev Posad) (leading Russian monastery), 441
Tripoli, 685
Trivellato, Francesca, 284
Troy, 38
Tulp, Nicolaes (1593–1674), 111
Tunis, 224, 677, 684–5
Turin, 474, 499–500
Turkey, 54, 355, 471
Tuscany, 325, 335–6, 399, 410, 413–16, 464, 486
Tyndale, William (c.1494–1536), 564
Udine, 230, 700
Uhryn, Kaléna, 55
Ukraine, 55, 233, 326, 330, 333, 335–6, 342, 378, 428, 436, 441, 443, 626, 633
Ulm, 401, 481, 486
United Kingdom, 8, 77, 316
see also Great Britain
United States of America, 5–8, 13, 70, 576, 739–40
Urals, 22, 57, 60, 64, 124
Urban V (William de Grimoard), Pope (1310–1370), 547
Urban VI (Bartolomeo Prignano), Pope (c.1318–1389), 547
USSR (Soviet Union), 60
Utrecht, 550
Valencia, 399, 673, 676
Van Eyck, Hubert (c.1385/90–1426), 17
Van Eyck, Jan (c.1390–1441), 17
Vasari, Giorgio (1511–1574), 379
Vatican, 233
Vatican Library, 224
Velichkovskii, Paisii, Saint (1722–1794), 642
Verhoeven, Abraham (1575–1652), 257
Vermeer, Jan (1632–1675), 44
Vermigli, Peter Martyr (1499–1562), 564
Verona, 220, 463
Versailles, 352, 686
Vesalius, Andreas (1514–1564), 102
Vespucci, Amerigo (1454–1512), 48
Vickery, Amanda, 390
Vincente, Gil (c.1465–1536), 197
Vico, Giambattista (1668–1744), 201
Vidal de la Blache, Paul (1845–1918), 502
Vienna, 173, 179, 221–3, 483, 680, 683–5, 688
Vincent, Bernard, 689
Visconti family, 157, 172
Visconti, Azzo, Duke of Milan (1302–1339), 147, 149
Vitruvius (Marcus Vitruvius Pollio) (c.80/70–c.15 bc), 499–500
(p. 761) Voigtländer, Nico, 139–40
Voltaire (François-Marie Arouet) (1694–1778), 58–60, 199, 205, 207, 221, 248, 362, 623, 641, 739–40
Voragine, Jacopo da (c.1230–1298), 603
Voth, Hans-Joachim, 139–40
Voulgaris, Eugenios (1716–1806), 641
Vries, Jan de, 84, 280, 287, 373–4, 380–1, 403–4, 411, 459–61, 521, 588
Wade, George, General (1673–1748), 185
Waldkirch, Henrik (fl. 1598–1629), 223
Waldseemüller, Martin (c.1470–1520),45, 48
Wales, 200, 288, 325, 405, 407, 482, 518
Wall, Richard, 322, 324, 335
Wallachia, 221, 333, 628–9, 644
Wallerstein, Immanuel, 413, 430–1
Walpole, Sir Robert, 1st Earl of Orford (1676–1745), 258
Walton, Brian (1600–1661), 231
Ware, Kallistos, 642
Warsaw, 180, 485, 614
Weatherill, Lorna, 156, 371, 382
Weber, Max (1864–1920), 7, 10, 303, 501, 503, 587–8, 591, 698
Wedgwood, Josiah (1730–1795), 158
Wehler, Hans-Ulrich, 28n52
Weinreich, Max, 199, 210n20
Weir, David, 134
Welch, Evelyn, 379
Wesley, John (1703–1791), 107
West Indies, 358, 382, 554, 654
Westminster Palace (London), 150
Westphalia, 73, 334, 511, 514, 516, 528, 530, 533, 538n24
Weyden, Rogier van der (1400–1464), 724
White, Sam, 87
Whittle, Jane, 382, 419–20
Wick, Johann Jakob (1522–1588), 592
William I, Duke of Normandy and King of England (William the Conqueror) (c.1028–1087), 249
William II, Prince of Orange and Dutch Stadtholder (1626–1650), 99
William III, Dutch Stadtholder and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland (1650–1702), 738
William of Ockham, philosopher and theologian (12871347), 554
Williams, C. H., 9
Williamson, Jeffrey G., 275
Wimpfeling, Jacob (1450–1528), 557
Windesheim, 550, 555
Winstanley, Gerrard (1609–1676), 298
Wintle, Michael, 48
Withington, Phil, 6
Wittenberg, 558, 560–1, 565, 566n2, 571–2, 579, 581–3, 587
Wolff, Christian, German philosopher (1679–1754), 641
Wolff, Larry, 54–5, 712
Wollstonecraft, Mary (1759–1797), 362, 741
Wolsey, Thomas, Cardinal (1473–1530), 563
Woude, Ad van der, 287, 380
Wrigley, E. Anthony, 136, 138–9, 272, 424, 502
Wroniszewski, Jan, 448n35
Württemberg, 369, 372, 385–6, 402, 516, 527, 530, 532–3
Wycliffe, John (1331–1384), 231, 546, 551, 577
Xavier, Francis (1506–1552), 554, 565
Ximénes de Cisneros, Cardinal Francisco (1436–1517), 231
Yapp, M. E., 39, 54
Yee, Cordell D. K., 62
York, 108, 111, 152
York Minster, 161n17
Young, Arthur (1741–1820), 415–16
Ypres, 403
Zabarella, Francesco (13601417), 548
Zanden, Jan Luiten van, 411
Zell, Katharina Schütz (1497/8–1562), 575
Zeus (Ancient Greek god), 38
Ẓevi, Shabbetai (1626–1676), 661–3, 665
Zürich, 156, 248, 561–3, 582–3, 592
Zwingli, Huldrych (1484–1531), 561–3, 582–3, 725 (p. 762)