- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: ‘Early Modern’ Europe and the Idea of Early Modernity
- The Cartographic Emergence of Europe?
- Weather, Climate, and the Environment
- Disease and Medicine
- Historical Demography
- Travel and Communications
- Languages and Literacy
- Printing and Printedness
- A Revolution in Information?
- Economic and Social Trends
- The Social Order
- Households and Family Systems
- Social Roles and Individual Identities
- Consumption and Material Life
- The Agrarian West
- The Agrarian East
- Country and Town in Mediterranean Europe
- Towns and Urbanization
- The Christian Church, 1370<i>–</i>1550
- Protestantism and its Adherents
- Early Modern Catholicism
- The World of Eastern Orthodoxy
- The Transformations of Judaism
- Islam and Muslims in Europe
- Cultures of Peoples
- Belief and its Limits
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the emergence of the idea of ‘early modern’ history during the 1960s and 1970s, and explains its origins, particularly in modernization theory and in the expansion of the university system at that period. It focuses particularly upon developments in the Anglophone scholarly world (primarily Britain and the United States) and in West Germany. It then explores the important contribution of the Annales school to this evolution. The chapter goes on to consider the validity of the established periodization (1450/1500–1800) for the ‘early modern’ era, and suggests reasons why the centuries from 1350 to 1750 constitute a more satisfactory chronology. Finally, it outlines the structure of the Handbook and its wider aim of restoring a unitary view of the period.
Hamish Scott is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of St Andrews, Honorary Senior Research Fellow at the University of Glasgow, and a Fellow of the British Academy. He has written several studies of early modern international relations, and edited volumes of essays on Enlightened absolutism and on European nobilities in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He is currently completing a survey of the formation of Europe's aristocracy between the fourteenth and the eighteenth centuries.
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