- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: ‘Early Modern’ Europe and the Idea of Early Modernity
- The Cartographic Emergence of Europe?
- Weather, Climate, and the Environment
- Disease and Medicine
- Historical Demography
- Travel and Communications
- Languages and Literacy
- Printing and Printedness
- A Revolution in Information?
- Economic and Social Trends
- The Social Order
- Households and Family Systems
- Social Roles and Individual Identities
- Consumption and Material Life
- The Agrarian West
- The Agrarian East
- Country and Town in Mediterranean Europe
- Towns and Urbanization
- The Christian Church, 1370<i>–</i>1550
- Protestantism and its Adherents
- Early Modern Catholicism
- The World of Eastern Orthodoxy
- The Transformations of Judaism
- Islam and Muslims in Europe
- Cultures of Peoples
- Belief and its Limits
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
The introduction of printing by moveable type and the development of engraving and other intaglio processes from the mid-fifteenth century transformed the ways in which books and documents were published. Manuscripts had enjoyed European-wide circulation, but the print-led increase in the volume of publication, the accuracy and redesign of textual replication, its social penetration and the rapidity of its circulation encouraged new modes of social interaction and new methods in the construction and dissemination of knowledge. The printing revolution challenged political and religious authority, resulting in new attempts at intellectual censorship and the restraint of publication. Resurgent interest in historical bibliography has inspired dozens of studies of an early modern ‘print culture’. The novelty and effectiveness of the transmission of print, however, were tempered by technological and transport constraints that suggest fitful and uneven development, but one that was pan-European and essentially transnational in its character and significance.
James Raven, Department of History, University of Essex.
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