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date: 24 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

For reasons that range from historians’ lack of interest and political inexpediency of the topic to the lacunae in the sources and missing records, Muslims have been largely absent (and assumed non-existent) in the historical accounts of early modern Western Europe. However, recent research on Muslim slaves, mercenaries, merchants, diplomats, travellers, and scholars has begun to restore Muslim groups and individuals to the social and cultural landscape of early modern Europe, challenging the premise that Muslims’ integration in European societies is a very recent phenomenon. This chapter examines the latest research on the subject by focusing on Muslim communities’ experiences and legal frameworks created to accommodate them across the constantly re-imagined political geography of ‘Europe’, from the Iberian Peninsula, via various states of Western Europe and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, to the Ottoman Central and Southeast Europe in the period between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries.

Keywords: Muslims, Spain, Ottoman Empire, Islam, slaves, merchants, travellers, scholars

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