- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: ‘Early Modern’ Europe and the Idea of Early Modernity
- The Cartographic Emergence of Europe?
- Weather, Climate, and the Environment
- Disease and Medicine
- Historical Demography
- Travel and Communications
- Languages and Literacy
- Printing and Printedness
- A Revolution in Information?
- Economic and Social Trends
- The Social Order
- Households and Family Systems
- Social Roles and Individual Identities
- Consumption and Material Life
- The Agrarian West
- The Agrarian East
- Country and Town in Mediterranean Europe
- Towns and Urbanization
- The Christian Church, 1370<i>–</i>1550
- Protestantism and its Adherents
- Early Modern Catholicism
- The World of Eastern Orthodoxy
- The Transformations of Judaism
- Islam and Muslims in Europe
- Cultures of Peoples
- Belief and its Limits
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter argues that European history must be seen in a broader, de-centred global perspective and Protestant religion as discontinuous and contingent. It has supported diverse geographies of adherence, alliances between state and church or para-churches, patterns of adherence, internal hierarchies, inter-faith relations, attitudes towards science, or moral discourses on issues such as social inequality or ethnicized politics. It has since the Reformation often fostered its own intense preoccupations with sin and demonization, which has, for instance, explained illness or different mental states through sinfulness which allows evil to take control and corrupt the body and mind. Another enduring characteristic has been its many emotionally fuelled arguments about the contents of biblical scripture as well as who has authority as religious specialists. Accounts of the Reformation movements must attend to the pluralities of arguments and practices and move away from their assessment as either success or failure, ‘medieval’ or ‘modern’.
Ulinka Rublack, Faculty of History, University of Cambridge.
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