- The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350–1750
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Maps
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Introduction: ‘Early Modern’ Europe and the Idea of Early Modernity
- The Cartographic Emergence of Europe?
- Weather, Climate, and the Environment
- Disease and Medicine
- Historical Demography
- Travel and Communications
- Languages and Literacy
- Printing and Printedness
- A Revolution in Information?
- Economic and Social Trends
- The Social Order
- Households and Family Systems
- Social Roles and Individual Identities
- Consumption and Material Life
- The Agrarian West
- The Agrarian East
- Country and Town in Mediterranean Europe
- Towns and Urbanization
- The Christian Church, 1370<i>–</i>1550
- Protestantism and its Adherents
- Early Modern Catholicism
- The World of Eastern Orthodoxy
- The Transformations of Judaism
- Islam and Muslims in Europe
- Cultures of Peoples
- Belief and its Limits
- Index of Names and Places
- Index of Subjects
Abstract and Keywords
Town and country were closely linked in early modern Europe. While cities normally held the dominant hand in political and jurisdictional terms, their dependence on their hinterlands for food and immigrants made for a more balanced symbiosis. Several distinctive features marked town-country relations in Mediterranean Europe. The most important of these was the construction of small, regional quasi-states under the dominion of a capital city. This contado system thrived above all in northern Italy and central Spain, and played a key role in the transition from the later Middle Ages to the early modern period. It has also been one of the leading themes of a dynamic historiography which has made important recent advances in the study of daily life, material culture, and gender relations, especially from the perspective of microhistory.
James S. Amelang, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.
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