- List of Contributors
- Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church
- Revelation and Inspiration
- Science and Religion
- Theology and Mystery
- Simplicity and Aseity
- Divine Eternity
- Moral Perfection
- Divine Action and Evolution
- Divine Providence
- Petitionary Prayer
- Morality and Divine Authority
- The Problem of Evil
- Skeptical Theism and The Problem of Evil
- The Trinity
- Original Sin and Atonement
- The Incarnation
- The Resurrection of the Body
- Heaven and Hell
- The Eucharist: Real Presence and Real Absence
- Jewish Philosophical Theology
- Islamic Philosophical Theology
- Chinese (Confucian) Philosophical Theology
Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on the question of whether the doctrine of the real presence of Christ's body and blood, and likewise the doctrine of the real absence of bread and wine, can be defended philosophically. It argues for an affirmative answer, and does so by considering a variety of metaphysical models, including that of Aquinas. It will appear, thus, that transubstantiation is a philosophical possibility. If it is possible for two substances to be in the same place at the same time, consubstantiation will be a philosophical possibility as well. Of course, the question of actuality is a theological one.
Alexander R. Pruss is Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University.
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