- List of Contributors
- The Ideological Origins of Fascism before 1914
- The First World War as Cultural Trauma
- The First World War as Totality
- The Aftermath of War
- Culture and Intellectuals
- The Peasant Experience under Italian Fascism
- Corporatism and the Economic Order
- Fascism and Catholicism
- Propaganda and Youth
- Women in Mussolini's Italy, 1922–1945
- Crime and Repression
- Fascism and War
- Dictators Strong or Weak?: The Model Of Benito Mussolini
- State and Society: Italy and Germany Compared
- Diplomacy and World War: The (First) Axis of Evil
- Communism: Fascism's ‘Other’?
- Yugoslavia and its Successor States
- The Netherlands
- Britain and its Empire
- Comparisons and Definitions
- Memory and Representations of Fascism in Germany and Italy
Abstract and Keywords
Following the Second World War, countries around Europe crafted narratives claiming that they had virtuously resisted fascism. Italy, France, and Austria, as well as Germany, had to establish new political systems repudiating fascism, yet building on societies that had collaborated with or supported Nazi–fascist rule. The course of this drastic transformation of individual and social perspectives produced a mix of selective forgetting and remembering. Memories of resistance were expanded into national narratives. Germany, with its greater degree of guilt, was subjected to international scrutiny that permitted it a lesser degree of denial compared with other pro-Nazi nations. A toll of ‘premature deaths’ of around a million makes Mussolini's regime scarcely the equal of Hitler's or Stalin's in the sad history of twentieth-century political killing, and its murder of Italians, as distinct from peoples under its imperial rule, was far less than that of the Francoists in Spain.
Nathan Stoltzfus, Associate Professor of History, Florida State University, has published numerous articles in general and scholarly journals and is an author or editor of four books including Resistance of the Heart: Intermarriage and the Rosen-strasse Protest in Nazi Germany (New York, 1996), Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany (Princeton, 2001), and Courageous Resistance: The Power of Ordinary People (New York, 2007).
R.J.B. Bosworth, Winthrop Professor of History, University of Western Australia and Professor of History, University of Reading.
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