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date: 16 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Japanese in Meiji Japan (1868–1912) came to realize that socio-political and economic change occurred as an interactive exercise with culture. Indeed, from the late Meiji onwards culture became the object of a defensive attempt to ‘protect’ Japaneseness from Western emasculation. This became an important aspect of the fascist transformation that occurred in inter-war Japan. It was in an atmosphere of anti-Western, pro-Japanese feeling that fascism entered the socio-political lexicon of modern Japan. This article holds that asking whether Japan is fascist is a conceptual quagmire. It also discusses Japan between wars, Maruyama Masao's conceptualization of Japanese fascism, Japanese writing on Japanese fascism, and restoration fascism.

Keywords: Japanese fascism, Meiji Japan, fascism, restoration fascism, Maruyama Masao

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