- List of Contributors
- The Ideological Origins of Fascism before 1914
- The First World War as Cultural Trauma
- The First World War as Totality
- The Aftermath of War
- Culture and Intellectuals
- The Peasant Experience under Italian Fascism
- Corporatism and the Economic Order
- Fascism and Catholicism
- Propaganda and Youth
- Women in Mussolini's Italy, 1922–1945
- Crime and Repression
- Fascism and War
- Dictators Strong or Weak?: The Model Of Benito Mussolini
- State and Society: Italy and Germany Compared
- Diplomacy and World War: The (First) Axis of Evil
- Communism: Fascism's ‘Other’?
- Yugoslavia and its Successor States
- The Netherlands
- Britain and its Empire
- Comparisons and Definitions
- Memory and Representations of Fascism in Germany and Italy
Abstract and Keywords
Japanese in Meiji Japan (1868–1912) came to realize that socio-political and economic change occurred as an interactive exercise with culture. Indeed, from the late Meiji onwards culture became the object of a defensive attempt to ‘protect’ Japaneseness from Western emasculation. This became an important aspect of the fascist transformation that occurred in inter-war Japan. It was in an atmosphere of anti-Western, pro-Japanese feeling that fascism entered the socio-political lexicon of modern Japan. This article holds that asking whether Japan is fascist is a conceptual quagmire. It also discusses Japan between wars, Maruyama Masao's conceptualization of Japanese fascism, Japanese writing on Japanese fascism, and restoration fascism.
Rikki Kersten, Murdoch University
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.