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date: 17 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Yugoslavia and its successor states have produced a myriad of regimes and movements that were ‘fascist’ in one sense or another. Under the inter-war Yugoslav kingdom, regimes and movements appeared that were inspired by or resembled the Nazi and Italian fascist regimes and movements. They reached their apogee in the Second World War under the umbrella of the Axis powers that occupied Yugoslavia in 1941. Following the Second World War defeat of the pro-Axis and collaborationist forces, Yugoslavia was under Communist rule until 1990. This article examines these events against the backdrop of the historical periods in which they appeared. It defines fascism as ‘revolutionary anti-liberal chauvinism’: the ideology and practice of mobilizing chauvinism on a popular basis in order to assault liberal values, bring down a liberal order, cement in power an authoritarian regime, and/or territorially expand.

Keywords: fascism, Yugoslav kingdom, communism, anti-liberal chauvinism, repression

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