- List of Contributors
- The Ideological Origins of Fascism before 1914
- The First World War as Cultural Trauma
- The First World War as Totality
- The Aftermath of War
- Culture and Intellectuals
- The Peasant Experience under Italian Fascism
- Corporatism and the Economic Order
- Fascism and Catholicism
- Propaganda and Youth
- Women in Mussolini's Italy, 1922–1945
- Crime and Repression
- Fascism and War
- Dictators Strong or Weak?: The Model Of Benito Mussolini
- State and Society: Italy and Germany Compared
- Diplomacy and World War: The (First) Axis of Evil
- Communism: Fascism's ‘Other’?
- Yugoslavia and its Successor States
- The Netherlands
- Britain and its Empire
- Comparisons and Definitions
- Memory and Representations of Fascism in Germany and Italy
Abstract and Keywords
Yugoslavia and its successor states have produced a myriad of regimes and movements that were ‘fascist’ in one sense or another. Under the inter-war Yugoslav kingdom, regimes and movements appeared that were inspired by or resembled the Nazi and Italian fascist regimes and movements. They reached their apogee in the Second World War under the umbrella of the Axis powers that occupied Yugoslavia in 1941. Following the Second World War defeat of the pro-Axis and collaborationist forces, Yugoslavia was under Communist rule until 1990. This article examines these events against the backdrop of the historical periods in which they appeared. It defines fascism as ‘revolutionary anti-liberal chauvinism’: the ideology and practice of mobilizing chauvinism on a popular basis in order to assault liberal values, bring down a liberal order, cement in power an authoritarian regime, and/or territorially expand.
Marko Attila Hoare is Senior Research Fellow at Kingston University, London. He is the author of The History ofBosnia: From the Middle Ages to the Present Day (London, 2007), Genocide and Resistance in Hitler's Bosnia: The Partisans and the Chetniks, 1941–1943 (London, 2006), and How Bosnia Armed (London, 2004).
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