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date: 23 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Benito Mussolini saw fascism as a novel phenomenon, constructed from existing materials that were transformed in the process, as were the men and women who made the new movement. It emerged from the specific context of world war and social and political upheaval. Nonetheless, Mussolini exaggerates. This article explores different political ideologies that consider fascism as a ‘political religion’; reason and unreason; nationalism; the socialist origins of fascism; and liberalism.

Keywords: Benito Mussolini, fascism, world war, political upheaval, political religion, liberalism

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