- List of Contributors
- The Ideological Origins of Fascism before 1914
- The First World War as Cultural Trauma
- The First World War as Totality
- The Aftermath of War
- Culture and Intellectuals
- The Peasant Experience under Italian Fascism
- Corporatism and the Economic Order
- Fascism and Catholicism
- Propaganda and Youth
- Women in Mussolini's Italy, 1922–1945
- Crime and Repression
- Fascism and War
- Dictators Strong or Weak?: The Model Of Benito Mussolini
- State and Society: Italy and Germany Compared
- Diplomacy and World War: The (First) Axis of Evil
- Communism: Fascism's ‘Other’?
- Yugoslavia and its Successor States
- The Netherlands
- Britain and its Empire
- Comparisons and Definitions
- Memory and Representations of Fascism in Germany and Italy
Abstract and Keywords
Benito Mussolini saw fascism as a novel phenomenon, constructed from existing materials that were transformed in the process, as were the men and women who made the new movement. It emerged from the specific context of world war and social and political upheaval. Nonetheless, Mussolini exaggerates. This article explores different political ideologies that consider fascism as a ‘political religion’; reason and unreason; nationalism; the socialist origins of fascism; and liberalism.
Kevin Passmore is Reader in History at Cardiff University. He is the author of Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2006), and ‘The Gendered Genealogy of Political Religions Theory’, Gender and History (2008). He is at present completing The Right in the French Third Republic, for Oxford University Press.
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