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date: 26 February 2020

(p. 641) Index

(p. 641) Index

Abbott, Lyman, 223
Agassiz, Louis, 214, 218, 289
agnosticism, 7, 8, 18, 145, 220, 224, 250, 263, 302, 486, 499, 506, 545, 551, 553, 556, 565
Aldrich, Henry, 28–30, 32, 37, 47, 51
Alexander, Samuel, 6
Alexander, W. L., 553–4
altruism, 245, 249, 271, 273, 274, 277, 375
amateur, 7, 173, 619, 620, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 638
analogy, Thomistic doctrine of, 610
Anselm, Saint, 206, 547
antithesis of philosophy, 73–4
apologetics, 494, 552–9, 574, 579, 623
Aquinas, Saint Thomas, 49, 205, 452, 517, 588
aristocracy, 352, 360, 361
Aristotle, 2, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32–4, 40, 47–51, 89, 136, 149, 189, 206, 253, 312, 326, 329, 333, 443–4, 515, 517, 527, 570, 588, 594, 600
Aristotelian Society, 7, 173, 337, 629–31, 636, 637, 638
Arnold Matthew, 601, 607, 614
and dissenters, 602
‘the eternal’, 604
Culture and Anarchy, 601
on culture, 602
‘ignorant armies’, 603
On Dover Beach, 603
on Wordsworth, 603
assent, 17, 510–4, 516, 518, 566, 576, 600
assistants, 624, 627, 635
associationism, association of ideas, 10, 12, 16, 45, 115, 129, 138, 147–8, 202, 258, 299–300, 303, 305, 326, 332, 334–5, 339, 366, 370–2, 468, 524–5, 526, 530–1
atheism, 18, 19, 214, 220, 224, 227, 247, 250, 258, 416, 507, 516, 525, 553, 556, 601, 605
attributes, human, 217, 222
Ayala, Francisco, 225
Bacon, Francis, 6, 27, 29, 47, 175, 543, 554, 634; see also Induction, Baconian
Bain, Alexander, 148, 263, 285, 287, 289, 291, 299, 300, 301, 325, 331–2, 335, 336, 337, 542, 543, 621, 630–1, 633–6
beauty
aesthetic beauty, 427, 431, 610
animal’s sense of beauty, 244
divine or moral, 491, 495, 503, 505, 589
beauty, of nature, 217, 222, 589
beauty and Truth, 598
Belfort Bax, Ernest, 15, 415–16
Bentham, George, 35–6, 38, 44
Bentham, Jeremy, 11–14, 16, 35, 242, 303, 347–62, 367–8, 414, 426, 461, 468, 471, 487, 489–90, 622
aptitude, 355–9, 362
ballot, 352, 359, 362
codification, 349, 353, 356, 358–60, 362
common law, 353
constitutional law, 351, 352, 355, 362
dignity, factitious, 352, 353, 356, 357
election, 352, 356, 359
examination, 358, 362
executive power, 354, 355, 356, 360
judicial evidence, 348
judiciary, 354
legal reform, 353
legislative power, 354–7
(p. 642) monarchy, 352, 353, 360, 361
Panopticon, 348–9
parliamentary reform, 348, 352, 359–60, 362
political radicalism, 347
power, division of, 354
public opinion, 356–8
republicanism, 352–5, 360
Bergson, Henri, 223
Berkeley, George, 180, 528
and Byron, 597
and Ferrier, 6, 155, 165, 168
and Shelley, 597 see also idealism, Berkelean
Bible, 16, 212, 217, 234, 395, 464, 476, 552, 556, 602
biblical scholarship, 17, 18, 213, 219–21, 223, 233, 461, 493, 496, 504, 537, 541–2, 553, 560, 563, 566, 579
Blake, William, 587
Böhme, Jakob, 525
Boole, George, 3, 40, 44, 89, 92, 93, 98–105, 108–9
Boole, Mary, 225
Bosanquet, Bernard, 10, 173, 311–12, 315, 318, 338, 573, 613
on Keats, 612
logical views, 5, 111–32, 275, 317,
moral and political thought, 13, 423–4, 430–2, 436, 444, 446–9, 451, 455–6, 458
religious philosophy, 19, 437, 575–7
Bradlaugh, Charles, 18
Bradley, A. C., 599
Bradley, F. H., 19, 189–206, 308
appearance (vs. Reality) 197–8
criticism of Mill, 367
ethics, 424–8, 433
experience, absolute, 201–2
experience, ordinary, 191–4, 197–8, 202
experience, immediate (feeling), 203
experience, finite centres of, 203–4, 206
identity, law of, 192, 197
judgement, theory of, 204–5
logical views, 5, 111–32
nature of philosophy, 435, 437
religion, 574–5, 608, 612–13
relations, 7, 190, 194–201
social conception of the individual, 275
‘my station and its duties’, 424, 426, 430, 432, 455, 613
substance and qualities, 191–4
truth, nature of, 205–6
Broad, Charles Dunbar, 177, 185, 195, 241
Bridgewater Treatises, 71, 215
British Association for the Advancement of Science, 212, 218, 221, 507
Brown, Thomas, 79, 136, 137, 140, 142–3, 146, 150, 326
Brown, William, 334, 335, 336
Browning, Robert, 310, 318, 608, 614
Bruce, Alexander Balmain, 555–6
Bruno, Giordano, 605
Buckland, William, 215, 220
Bunsen, C. C. J., 607, 608
Butler, Joseph, 467–8, 500, 552–3, 556, 633
Butler, Josephine, 15, 385–6, 393–7
Butler, Samuel, 212
Byron, Lord George Gordon, 597
Caird, Edward, 111, 309, 458, 542, 550, 552, 556, 558, 612
and evolution/development, 309, 312, 319, 441, 573, 575–6
‘Hegelianism’ 148, 151, 441, 546
philosophy and poetry, 20
philosophy of religion, 564–5, 567–70
social atomism, 445
Caird, John, 18, 543, 546, 556, 564–7, 573, 575, 579, 612
Caird, Mona, 385, 398–9
Calderwood, Henry, 11, 138, 275, 465–6, 542, 545, 557, 623, 635
Cambridge Platonists, 526
Campbell, George, 27, 31, 32
capitalism 242, 378–9, 413, 417–8, 443, 457
Carlile, Richard, 18
Carlyle, Thomas, 13, 137, 292, 520, 561–2, 564–5, 577
Carpenter, William B., 325, 331, 332
Carr, Herbert Wildon, 173, 185, 204, 613, 630–1
(p. 643) Carroll, Lewis (Charles Dodgson), 3, 89, 105–8
certainty, 11, 17, 79, 85, 158, 263, 350, 470, 513, 515–6, 547, 599
Chalmers, Thomas, 542, 545–6, 553
Chambers, Robert, 212, 262, 296
chance, 184, 215, 225, 227, 250, 606
Channing, William Ellery, 487–8, 490–2
Christianity, 218, 224, 227, 233, 313, 491, 518, 534, 564–73, 607
citizenship, 387, 430, 436–7, 442, 454–5, 572
clergymen, 619, 620, 621, 623, 626, 629, 635
Clifford, W. K., 17
Coleridge, S. T., 16, 20, 33, 262, 490, 494–8, 520–40, 561–2, 587–95, 599, 602, 604
and Pusey, 599
imagination and fancy, 590
on poetic imagination and German Idealism, 599
colligation of facts, 61, 62, 63, 68, 81
common-sense school of philosophy, 10, 17, 135–6, 146–8, 177, 365–6, 543–6, 555, 562
approach to logic, 48,52, 56, 61
Ferrier and, 154, 156–8, 161–2
William Hamilton and, 5–6, 33, 136–40, 142
Kant and, 141
and moral philosophy, 11, 464–8, 470, 472, 475
Comte, August, 8, 259, 274, 285–305, 379, 386, 408, 478, 567
consciousness, 142–8, 202, 263, 272, 304–5, 312, 328, 330, 335, 337–9, 494, 521, 594, 631
animal consciousness, 287–8, 291, 297–301
all-encompassing consciousness, 191
Ferrier and, 155, 160–4, 167, 170–1
Hodgson on the structure of, 174–87
Nagel on the irreducibility of, 306
and natural selection, 318
and neural activity, 269
reflexive consciousness, self consciousness, 46, 155, 160, 167, 222, 441, 475, 513, 535, 544–9
social self-consciousness, 276–7
conservation, of energy, 218, 262, 610
constitutive necessity, 75–6
continuity, between animals and humans, 211
Copernican astronomy, 211, 309
Copleston, Edward, 25–6, 29, 30, 32
corruption, 353, 357, 358, 404
Cousin, Victor, 139–41, 149
creation (divine), 9, 205, 212, 214–15, 218–20, 222, 224–5, 227, 261–2, 269, 503–4, 523, 525, 557, 580
culture, of science, 217–19
Cudworth, Ralph, 526, 595
Cusa, Nicholas, 606
Cuvier, Georges, 215, 295
Darwin, Charles, 9, 211–28, 233, 235–7, 247–50, 259, 307, 313, 325, 331, 332, 557
Autobiography, 224
The Descent of Man, 216, 235, 241, 243, 249, 251, 313
Hegel and Darwin, 311–12, 442, 557
on the origins of morality, 10, 241–6, 250
On the Origin of Species 212, 219, 221, 235, 247, 286, 308, 310, 313, 493
Variation in Animals and Plants under Domestication 226
Darwin, Emma, 216, 224, 251
Darwin, Erasmus, 258, 461
Darwinism, 10, 206, 247, 302, 318, 557; see also ‘survival of the fittest’
Dawkins, Richard, 228, 247, 250, 306
De Chardin, Pierre Teilhard, 223
Deduction, see Mill, ratiocination
deism, semi-deism, 227, 258, 494, 552, 577
delusion, 142, 353, 358, 523, 554
democracy, 12, 352–62, 377–9, 391, 395, 404, 406, 413, 454–5, 478, 587
de Morgan, Augustus, 3, 33, 36–40, 44, 89–100, 103, 104, 108–9, 486
Dennett, Daniel, 228, 306
Descartes, René, 48, 202, 546–8, 549
Cartesian partition of reality, 599
determinism, 184, 228, 269, 320, 434, 589
genetic determinism, 317
Dewey, John, 206, 261, 308, 330
discipline, concept of, 326–33
and institutionalization, 325, 331, 339
(p. 644) Disraeli, Benjamin, 212
divergence, from common ancestors, 222
Dixey, Frederick, 228
Dobzhansky, Theodosius, 223
doctorate, 625, 626, 635
double standard, sexual, 15, 384–7, 392–3, 396, 398
Draper, John, 219
Driver, Samuel, 220
dualism, of matter and spirit, 185, 219, 309, 315, 319, 331, 335, 544, 548
Duns Scotus, John, 609
ego
and non-ego, 143, 160–4, 166, 182, 335, 337, 547
transcendental, 191
egoism, 16, 271, 277, 372, 449–50, 597
psychological, 14, 300, 468, 472
rational, 465, 472–3, 477
Eliot, George, 8, 234, 243, 259, 384–5, 463
Eliot, Thomas Stearns, 203, 598, 605
Engels, Friedrich, 389, 402, 404–6, 410, 413–16
epigenesis, 267, 293
epistemology, 111, 159–60, 324, 336, 338–9, 510, 546
esoteric, 464, 472, 473, 476, 522, 523, 531, 536, 620, 637
Essays and Reviews, 214, 219, 486, 563–4
ethology, 13, 366, 380
evil, 223, 228, 241–2, 247, 252, 259, 266, 354, 357, 394, 429, 492, 497, 534, 536, 552, 554, 568, 576, 578
existence, 46–7, 99, 122, 106, 141, 145, 159, 163, 174, 186
expansion, university, 620, 624–5, 627
external world, problem of, 325, 330, 331, 335, 336, 337–8
extinction, 213
faith, 5, 17,18, 164–5, 258, 437, 495, 505, 527, 557, 571–2, 574, 603; see also Newman
fall, Christian doctrine of the, 223, 497, 536
fancy (contrasted with imagination), 531–2, 590
Farrar, Frederic, 220, 607
Fawcett, Millicent, 15, 383–4, 394, 396–7
Ferguson, Adam, 150, 151, 329, 404
Ferrier, J. F., 6–7, 111, 148, 154–71, 332, 542, 545–6, 550, 562, 621, 623, 635–6
Absolute, the, 159, 163, 166–7
epistemology, 159–60
necessary truth, 156, 158, 160, 161, 170
principle of economy, 163, 168
principle of non-contradiction, 158–9, 161, 165 see also common-sense school of philosophy; consciousness; Idealism
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 528–9, 535, 547, 562, 590, 595
final cause, 214
Flint, Robert, 18, 542, 551, 554, 556–7, 558, 623, 635
Flugel, J. C., 324
fossil record, 213, 220, 221, 235, 297
Fox, George, 525
Fraser, Alexander Campbell, 18, 19, 33, 137, 155, 161, 164–6, 263, 542, 546, 549–50, 554–5, 577, 622–3, 626–7, 635–6
free will, 150, 184, 217, 222, 228, 272, 317, 424–5, 468, 490, 495, 497, 526–7, 530, 572, 610
freedom (political) 257, 266, 276, 309, 316–18, 376–7, 389, 433, 442, 447, 453, 455–8
Frege, Gottlob, 2, 3, 44, 66–8, 109, 510–11, 513, 637
Frend, William, 91
Freud, Sigmund, 211
Freudian psychoanalysis, 334–5, 519
Galilei, Galileo, 211, 309
Galton, Francis, 239, 325, 331, 332, 335
Genesis, creation narratives, 219–20, 223, 537, 564, 607
God, existence of, 16, 18, 102, 168, 187, 516–7, 547
Godwin, William, 383, 595
Goodwin, Charles, 219–20
Graham, William, 159
‘Greats’ (Oxford), 620, 633
Green, Thomas Hill, 5, 176, 177–8, 275, 336, 338, 428–30, 443–58, 471–2, 474, 611–12, 621, 623, 634, 636
eternal consciousness, 191, 429–30, 571–2
evolution, views on, 10, 314
Hopkins, his pupil, 611
logic, views on, 112, 114–15
philosophy of religion, 570–3
Gray, Asa, 214, 225–7
Grote, George, 12, 18, 349, 622
Grote, John, 13, 467
Haeckel, Ernst, 228
Haldane, Richard Burton, 613
Hamilton, William Rowan, 92
Hamilton, William, 2–3, 5–7, 11, 26, 28, 33–40, 98–9, 135–52, 326, 328, 330, 325, 326, 328–37, 542, 544, 545, 550, 636
philosophy of the conditioned, 6–7, 137, 139, 141–2, 144–5, 163, 165, 167, 263
and Mill, 6, 138–40, 141, 144, 146–8, 152
natural realism, 6, 143–4, 146
sensationalism, 147, 149
quantification of the predicate, 2–3, 35–8, 44
happiness, 14, 246, 251, 262, 272, 274, 278, 349–56, 362, 367–75, 379, 393, 426, 429, 432–3, 445, 464, 468, 471, 473–5, 489–90, 519, 529
‘greatest happiness’, 11, 12, 242, 349, 351–2, 354–6, 360, 368
‘most complete happiness’, 266
harmony (as a logical and as a metaphysical concept) 196-7, 205–6
harmonization of science and Scripture, 219, 221
Hartley, David, 329, 330, 332, 338, 489, 490, 494, 524–5, 587–90
hedonism, 12, 367–9, 425–6, 471, 637
Hegel, G. W. F., 7, 127, 159–60, 190, 198, 311–2, 315, 317, 425, 435, 445, 549–51, 557, 562, 606, 610
Hegelianism, 10, 112, 148, 151, 190, 204, 441, 477, 546, 550–1, 577
Henslow, John, 214
Herbart, Johann Friedrich, 7, 191–4, 198, 203, 326, 332
heredity, 248, 261, 275, 311, 320, 331
highest good, 225, 493, 529–30, 548
Hodge, Charles, 214, 233
Hodgson, Shadworth, 7, 19, 167, 173–87, 263, 288, 330, 336–8, 630–1
compatibilism, 184
development of experience, 179–83
epiphenomenalism, 183–4
idealism, 186–7
immortality, 184–5
materialism, 185–6
the method of philosophy, 7, 174–6
reflective experience, 178–9
time perception, 176–8
Holyoake, G. J., 18, 409
Hooker, Joseph, 221, 259
Hopkins, Gerard Manley, 588, 608–12, 614
‘Duns Scotus’s Oxford’, 609
inscape, 609
on organic unity, 611
his personal universe, 610
Howison, George Holmes, 613
Hume, David, 4, 49, 135, 150, 202, 239, 328, 329, 332, 334, 337,366, 499, 524, 544, 548–50, 552, 558, 596
Husserl, Edmund, 66, 176, 178, 263
Huxley, Thomas Henry, 10, 18, 19, 212, 218, 221, 223, 227, 240–1, 259, 263, 270, 302, 314–16, 318, 325, 337
hypothetico-deductivism, 82, 221, 307
idealism, 4–5, 10, 13, 112, 154, 184, 186–7, 205, 592,608
Absolute idealism, 19, 125, 148, 171, 557
Berkelean idealism (immaterialism) 154, 168, 186, 201, 544–7, 549–52, 554–8, 561
Bradley’s idealism, 190, 201–2
Ferrier’s idealism, 154, 159, 163, 167, 171
Hegelian idealism, 179, 190
Kantian idealism, 141
metaphysical vs epistemological, 202 see also Platonism
ideas (regulative/constitutive), 16, 527, 529, 532
image, of God, 212, 222, 226, 502
immanence, divine, 227, 318, 556, 561, 578, 580
(p. 646) immortality (idea of) 184, 234, 475–6, 493, 527, 529, 566, 570, 576, 578, 605, 612
implication, 97, 108, 125
indiscernibles, Identity of, 193–4
induction
Baconian, 3, 60, 71, 155, 156, 221, 286,
aws of causation as principles of, 59–6
Mill on grounds of, 58–9
Mill-Whewell debate on, 4, 5, 11, 60–3, 71, 81, 468
Whately on, 60–3, 83
inherence, 192, 194–5, 199
interest,
general/universal interest, 350–5, 357, 362
self-interest, 12, 216, 351, 352, 361, 450, 468, 478, 589
‘sinister interest’, 12, 347, 348, 353, 354, 361
intuitionism, 11, 365–6, 371–2, 465–6, 469–70, 545, 551, 553
Iverach, James, 18, 547–9, 552, 557–8
Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich, 525–8, 536
James, William, 174, 176, 178, 183, 185, 196, 206, 227, 228, 265, 328, 332, 335
Jenyns, Leonard, 219
Jevons, William Stanley, 3, 44, 89, 91, 93, 98, 103–5, 107–9
Joachim, Harold, 111, 190, 308
Jones, Emily Elizabeth Constance, 636–7
Jones, Henry, 9, 10, 307–8, 311–2, 315–9, 441, 543, 546, 550, 573, 592, 608, 614, 627
Jowett, Benjamin, 511, 563–5
Kames, Henry Home, Lord Kames, 27, 150
Kant, Immanuel, 3, 6, 16, 33, 77–80, 89, 90, 127, 137, 142, 187, 243, 425, 428, 493–4, 511, 521–37, 560, 590, 595
Keats, John
on Beauty and Truth, 598
on fire on the heart, 599
letter to George and Georgina Keats, 599
quotes Wordsworth, 599
vale of soul-making, 588, 599, 604, 612
Keble, John, 599, 611
Kepler, Johannes, 4, 211, 293
Kingsley, Charles, 226, 259
knowledge, unity of, 600
Ladd-Franklin, Christine, 107
Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste, 9, 212, 217, 236, 261, 267, 286, 289–90, 293, 297, 310
language, theories of Humboldt and Herder, 607
Laplace, Pierre Simon de, 25, 85–6, 217
Law, William, 525
laws, of nature, 56, 61–8, 83, 215, 289
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, 44, 89, 102, 192, 198, 201–4, 226
Lewes, George Henry, 8, 19, 259, 285–302, 325, 326, 331–2, 335
liberty, 13, 262, 269–70, 273, 276, 277, 376–7, 435, 455, 457
Lindsay, James, 543, 555
Lloyd Morgan, Conwy, 325, 331, 332, 335
Locke, John, 27, 29, 32, 48, 53, 95, 97–100, 102–9, 165, 512–13, 589, 605
logic, 2–5, 7, 16, 25–40, 44–68, 89–109, 111–32, 140, 194
logic, Aristotelian, 89
logic, syllogistic, 89, 92, 93, 95, 97, 101, 102, 104, 109
Logical form, 27–8, 30, 31, 35, 40, 68, 116, 524
of inferences, 32, 40
of judgement, 36, 37
of propositions, 34
Lotze, Hermann, 112, 203–4, 326, 424
Lux Mundi, 227
Lyell, Charles, 212, 216–17, 221, 261, 309–10, 313, 314, 605
Macaulay, T.B., 12, 608
MacColl, Hugh, 89, 107–8, 109
McCosh, James, 136–9, 148–50, 214–5, 544
McDougall, William, 333, 334, 335, 336
Mackintosh, Robert, 550–1, 553, 558–9
McTaggart, John Ellis, 6, 19, 204, 612, 613–14
Mansel, Henry Longueville, 8, 11, 18, 37, 114, 137–40, 144–7, 159, 161–2, 166, 263, 328
marriage, 383, 385, 387, 389–90, 392, 397–9, 409
Martineau, Harriet, 8, 259, 295, 383, 385, 389, 392–3, 485
Martineau, James, 11, 16, 19, 485–508
causality as will, 499–500
conscience, 488–90, 495, 498–502, 506
influences on, 487–98
(p. 647) Marx, Karl, 15, 389, 449, 450, 451
and Chartism, 404–5
and co-operatives, 414, 418
and materialism, 414, 418
and the Paris Commune 407–8
and political economy 403–4
and utopian socialism 409–15
materialism, 16, 147, 148, 185–6, 190, 238, 461, 477, 486, 507, 562, 565, 587, 589, 611
Maudsley, Henry, 325, 331, 332
Maurice, F. D., 461, 487, 505, 520, 545, 604
Max Müller, Friedrich, 608
Maxwell, James Clerk, 221, 461
Metaphysical Society, 19, 173, 461, 487, 629–30, 635
metaphysics (nature and aims of) 7, 155–6, 189–91, 199, 201, 204, 327, 328, 330, 337, 562
Mill, James, 11, 12, 14, 299, 332, 347–9, 359–62, 367, 385–6, 390, 622
Mill, John Stuart, 4–6, 12, 115, 325, 331, 332, 336, 337, 338, 365–380, 465, 592, 629
capitalism and socialism 378–9
empiricism, 45, 46, 47, 53, 55, 56, 61, 63, 64, 66, 68
epistemology 365–6, 371–2
and ethology 366–7
and Hamilton, 6, 138–40, 141, 144, 146–8, 152
hedonism 367–73
higher pleasures doctrine 368–9
induction, 58–60
and intuitionism 365–6, 371–2
liberty 13, 376–7
on logic, 27, 31, 37, 44–68, 304
metaphysics, view of, 328
Mill’s methods/canons of induction, 4, 60, 61, 62
moral theory 373–6
on number, 63–4
phenomenalism, 47, 147
proof of the utility principle 369–73
psychologism, 65–8, 336
ratiocination, 53, 54, 55–7, 58, 61, 63, 68
and Scottish Common-Sense school 365–6
as utopian 379–80
and Whewell, 4, 5, 11, 60–3, 71, 81, 468
and women’s rights, 164, 384, 387, 390, 393, 396 see also happiness; pleasure and pain; punishment
Mind, the Mind Association, 613, 631–2, 635, 636, 637
miracles, 33, 218, 224, 475, 494, 518, 552–3, 564
Mivart, St. George, 222
monads (monadism), 192–3, 199, 203–4
monism, 190, 191, 194, 196–8, 309, 545
morality, 542, 545, 548–51, 553, 555–6, 559
motive, 184, 266, 350, 360, 361, 366, 428, 434, 449, 453, 489, 490, 498
Myers, C. S., 333, 335
mysticism, 19, 141, 190, 204–5, 525, 529, 534, 544, 562, 595, 612
Moore, Aubrey, 227–8
Moore, George Edward, 200–1, 239, 253, 277, 367, 370, 469–70, 475, 632
‘moral sense’, 9, 216, 243–4, 274, 464, 516, 556, 589
natural selection, 9, 10, 212–28, 235–54, 261, 267, 277, 286–7, 297, 303, 307, 310–11, 313, 316, 318
natural theology, 18, 71, 214–5, 227, 266, 475, 556, 558
naturalism, 59, 214, 215, 217–18, 222, 286, 306–8, 315, 433–4, 468, 554, 561, 572
negation, 92–6, 104–5, 106, 107, 122
Neoplatonism, 595, 596, 612
Newman, John Henry, 17, 29, 233, 487, 495, 496, 500, 510–9, 599–601, 608, 609, 613, 614, 627
assent, 510–14, 516, 518
conscience, 519,601
Development of Christian Doctrine, 601
Dream of Gerontius, 601
Essay in Aid of a Grammar of Assent, 17, 510, 516, 600
faith, 17, 516–8
‘ignorant armies’, 603
illative sense, 17, 515–16, 600
on Platonic church fathers, 611
on science, 601
Newton, Isaac, 81, 83–5, 217, 226, 307, 543
(p. 648) non-contradiction, principle of, 6, 65, 74, 158–9, 161, 165, 197, 308
obligation,
moral, 366, 375, 437, 467, 500, 559, 603
political, 314, 317, 356, 442, 444, 452–4
original sin, 223, 225, 497–8, 536
Orr, James, 18, 550, 558–9
Owen, Robert, 15, 221, 238, 296, 388–90, 409–18
Paley, William, 9, 33, 215, 226, 228, 243, 258, 286, 495, 499–500, 553, 556, 574
pantheism, 156, 198, 220, 429, 525–6, 531, 549, 556, 575, 604, 606
Parmenides, 191–2
Peacock, George, 91, 92
Peirce, Charles Sanders, 97, 108
phenomenalism, see Mill, John Stuart
philology, ‘the new’, 607
‘philosophical radicals’, 12
philosophy of science, 72, 297
philosophy, teaching of, 620, 628, 633, 634
phronesis, 600
Plato, 16, 102, 269, 446, 588, 595, 598
Platonism, 16, 296, 521–3, 527, 532, 537, 562, 601
pleasure and pain, 11, 304, 350, 351, 368, 489
poetry, and philosophy, 19–20, 220, 310, 318, 520, 523, 587–614
polygenism, 225
positivism, 8, 285–305, 408, 556
Poulton, Edward, 228
Powell, Baden, 214
practices, intellectual, 326–8
prayer, 534
Priestley, Joseph, 12, 16, 488–9, 491–3, 495, 506, 524
Pringle-Pattison, Andrew Seth, 312, 500, 544, 561, 574, 577–8, 613–4, 635
professionalism
in philosophy, 5, 7, 19, 173, 511, 541, 543, 619–38
in psychology, 325, 327–9
professors, 623–4, 626, 627, 632
providence, divine, 220, 228, 269, 517, 524, 534, 605, 607
psychologism, 49, 65–8, 324, 336, 637
Frege’s criticism of Mill, 66–8
psychology
American, 324, 325, 330, 335
discipline of, 326–33
eighteenth-century, 328
emergence of, 10–11, 324–40
and epistemology, 324, 336, 338–9
evolutionary, 331, 335, 339
experimental, 324–7, 330–7
general, 331, 332, 333
German, 324, 325, 330, 332, 335
hostility towards, 336, 339
institutionalization of, British, 325, 330, 331, 333, 339
origin of term, 329
philosophical, 326, 328
schools of, 333–36
punishment, 351, 356–7, 373–5, 405, 410, 453
Pusey, Edward, 599
qualifications, 620, 625–6
quantification of the predicate, 2–3, 35–8, 44
radicalism, political, 347, 386; see also ‘philosophical radicals’
randomness, of variation, 214, 226
ratiocination, see Mill, John Stuart
reals, theory of, 192–4, 204
Reid, Thomas, 27–8, 40, 329, 330, 332, 337, 543–5, 546, 549, 550, 555
relations, 92, 97–8, 99, 105, 108
responsibility (moral), 184, 356, 357, 545
revelation, 145, 212, 494, 502, 518, 550–6, 558–9, 564, 569, 607
revelation, progressive, 223–4
Ribot, Théodule, 332
rights, 12, 274, 276, 442, 446, 449–54, 613
rights and duties, 351
natural rights, 12, 14, 309, 314
property rights, 15, 379
women’s rights, 383–99
Ritchie, D. G., 614
Rivers, W. H. R., 333, 336
Robinson, Henry Crabb, 486, 526
Roget, Peter Mark, 215
Romanes, George J., 224, 325, 331, 332, 335
Royce, Josiah, 611
(p. 649) Russell, Bertrand, 103, 106, 107, 108, 194, 198–201, 205, 338–9, 632, 638
Ryle, Gilbert, 324, 339
sanction, 17, 351, 356, 366, 375, 471, 474, 516
Schelling, F. W. J., 137, 141, 167, 531, 590
Schiller, F. C. S., 334, 335
Schlegel, Friedrich, 521, 522, 535
science and poetry, 587
Scottish philosophy, 5, 6, 17, 33, 135–52, 154, 156, 158–60, 541–59, 177, 365, 562
Sedgwick, Adam, 212, 214, 220
Shelley, Mary, and Berkeley, 597
Shelley, Percy Bysshe, 595–7
and Berkeley, 597
and Hume, 596, 597
and Plato, 596
and Plotinian One, 597
and religious scepticism, 597
Sidgwick, Henry, 10–11, 14, 19, 185, 239–41, 247, 251, 274, 285, 368, 432, 461–78, 621, 625–6, 634, 636
dualism of practical reason, 473–5, 478
‘psychic research’ (parapsychology) 185, 462, 463, 475–7
slavery, 226, 242, 392, 393, 436
slavery, sexual, 385, 390–1, 398
social Darwinism, 9, 235–7, 239–40, 261
Solly, Thomas, 36
Sorley, W. R., 307, 309, 311–12, 319, 543
Spencer, Herbert, 8–10, 18, 145, 212, 235–41, 257–79, 289, 296, 303, 305, 309, 325, 326, 331, 332, 335, 446, 486, 506–7, 557, 599, 638
animal ethics, 275, 276
beneficence, 257, 266, 274, 276, 278
catallaxy, 272, 273, 274, 277
on ethics, 273–8
on evolution, 259–68
equilibration, direct and indirect, 260, 265, 267, 268
selectionist explanation, 278–9
social organism, 259, 264, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 275
social self-consciousness, 276, 277
on society, 268–73
spontaneous cooperation, 271, 272, 273, 277, 278
‘super-organic’ evolution, 271 see also ‘survival of the fittest’
Spinoza, Baruch, 102, 156, 160, 525, 545, 547–9, 550, 604–5
spirit agency, 217
spiritualism, 14, 238, 249
state, the, 239, 240, 257, 271, 273, 274, 277, 316, 354, 358, 377, 394, 430, 436, 442, 444–9, 452, 454, 458, 478, 608
Stephen, Leslie, 8, 9, 19, 302–5, 315
Stewart, Dugald, 52, 53, 135, 142
Stewart and Tait, The Unseen Universe, 14, 185, 218
Stirling, J. H., 138–9, 144, 150, 543, 562–3
Stout, G. F., 325, 332, 333, 335, 336, 337, 613, 631, 632
suffering, 224–6
Sully, James, 325, 332, 335, 337, 623, 626, 633, 634, 635
‘survival of the fittest’, 9, 10, 225, 236, 245–6, 277, 309, 314, 318
syllogism, 3, 4, 26–40, 44–8, 50, 52–3, 55, 57, 89, 95–102, 105, 108, 112, 130–2
function of, 47, 57–8
foundation of, 55–6
Whately on, 50, 55, 61
textbooks, 2, 19, 33, 333, 637
Temple, Frederick, 9, 221, 500, 580
Temple, William, 573, 580
Tennemann, W. G., 522
Tennyson, Alfred, 310, 318, 604–5, 606–8
his view of language, 606
Locksley Hall, 606
pantheist or panentheist?, 604
platonist?, 604
‘the higher pantheism’, 606
theodicy, 225, 535, 536, 554
Thomson, William (Lord Kelvin), 218
Todhunter, Isaac, 91
Tractarian Movement, 601
transcendentals, 610
Tristram, Henry Baker, 221
truth and beauty, 598
truth, transcendental, 598
Turner, J. W. M., 598
(p. 650) Tyndall, John, 19, 218–19, 259, 263, 265, 486, 507–8, 629
Tyrrell, George, 226
Unitarianism, 16, 488, 492, 524–5, 571
University College London (UCL), 16, 103, 349, 486, 622
Utilitarianism, 11–14, 242, 274, 303–5, 347–362, 365–80, 433, 451, 461–78, 490
Act Utilitarianism 373–4
Rule Utilitarianism 373–6
Veitch, John, 137, 138, 139–40, 542
Venn, John, 3, 89, 103, 105, 108, 285
voluntarist theology, 218
Wallace, Alfred Russel, 9, 217, 226, 238, 248, 249, 309, 313, 314, 318
Ward, James, 197, 325, 332, 335, 336, 337, 579
Whately, Richard, 2, 26, 28–36, 40, 47–53, 56–7, 61, 63, 65, 68, 258–9, 272, 277
Whewell, William, 3–4, 71–86, 90, 103, 214–15, 307, 465
consilience (of inductions), 3, 83
fundamental ideas, 71, 74–7, 80
induction, 60–3, 83
and Kant, 77–80
and Mill, 4, 5, 11, 60–3, 71, 81, 468
necessity of scientific knowledge, 73–7, 79–80
theory confirmation, 82–4 see also colligation of facts
Whitehead, Alfred North, 6, 204, 228, 638
Wilberforce, Samuel, 212, 219, 221, 22
Wilde Readership, 333, 334
Wittgenstein, Ludwig, 202, 247, 306, 511
Wolff, Christian, 329
Wollstonecraft, Mary, 15, 383–4, 388, 390, 399
Wordsworth, William, 520, 525, 587, 589, 590–3, 603–4
his daffodils, 590
his ‘healing power’, 603
Wright, George Frederick, 220
Wundt, Wilhelm, 325, 326, 327, 332, 335, 547
Zeno (of Elea), 191, 595