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date: 19 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter situates Mill’s System of Logic (1843/1872) in the context of some of the meta-logical themes and disputes characteristic of the 19th century as well as Mill’s empiricism. Particularly, by placing the Logic in relation to Whately’s (1827) Elements of Logic and Mill’s response to the “great paradox” of the informativeness of syllogistic reasoning, the chapter explores the development of Mill’s views on the foundation and function of, and the relation between, ratiocination and induction. It provides a survey of the Mill-Whewell debate on the nature of induction, Mill’s account of putatively a priori disciplines such as the science of number, and Frege’s criticisms of the Logic as psychologistic.

Keywords: GottolobFrege, induction, 19th century logic, J.S. Mill, psychologism, ratiocination, A System of Logic, syllogism, Richard Whately, William Whewell

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