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date: 31 March 2020

(p. xv) List of contributors

(p. xv) List of contributors

James Eli Adams is Professor of English & Comparative Literature at Columbia University. He is the author of Dandies and Desert Saints: Styles of Victorian Masculinity (1995) and A History of Victorian Literature (2009), and the co-editor, with Andrew Miller, of Sexualities in Victorian Britain (1996). He is also the author of numerous articles, chapters, and reviews on Victorian literature and culture, and from 1993–2000 he co-edited the journal Victorian Studies.

Kathleen Blake is Professor Emeritus of English at the University of Washington, author of Play, Games, and Sport: The Literary Works of Lewis Carroll (1974), Love and the Woman Question in Victorian Literature: The Art of Self-Postponement (1983), and Pleasures of Benthamism: Victorian Literature, Utility, Political Economy (2009). She is editor of Approaches to Teaching George Eliot’s Middlemarch (1990) and has published essays on a range of Victorian writers.

Matthew Bradley is Senior Lecturer in English at the University of Liverpool. His research primarily focuses on Victorian culture and religion. His publications include the Oxford University Press World’s Classics edition of William James’s The Varieties of Religious Experience (2012), and a co-edited collection of essays, Reading and the Victorians (2014). He is currently writing a history of Victorian imaginings of the end of the world.

Patrick Brantlinger, former editor of Victorian Studies, is James Rudy Professor of English, Emeritus, at Indiana University. His most recent books are Taming Cannibals: Race and the Victorians (2011) and States of Emergency: Essays on Culture and Politics (2013).

Trev Broughton is Senior Lecturer in English and Related Literature at the University of York. She has a long-standing interest in nineteenth-century Life writing, has published Men of Letters, Writing Lives (1997) and edited the four-volume set of essays on Autobiography for the Routledge Critical Concepts series (2007). Her edition of some of Margaret Oliphant’s biographical writings, including selections from the Edward Irving, is published in the Pickering Chatto Selected Works of Margaret Oliphant. She is co-editor of Journal of Victorian Culture.

Carolyn Burdett is Senior Lecturer in English and Victorian Studies at Birkbeck, University of London. She is author of Olive Schreiner (2013) and co-editor of The Victorian Supernatural (2004). Her work on emotions and psychology includes editing (p. xvi) a ‘New Agenda’ for Journal of Victorian Culture on ‘Sentimentalities’ (2011) and an issue of 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century on Psychology/Aesthetics (2011). Her current book project is Coining Empathy: Psychology, Aesthetics, Ethics, 1870–1920 for which she was awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship in 2012–13. She is editor of the online journal, 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century.

Ayşe Çelikkol is Assistant Professor in the Department of English Language and Literature at Bilkent University, Turkey. She is the author of Romances of Free Trade: British Literature, Laissez-Faire, and the Global Nineteenth Century (2011). Her essays on nineteenth-century British and American literature have appeared in ELH: English Literary History, American Literature, Victorian Poetry, and Partial Answers. Her current book project explores the enchantment of modern life in Victorian Britain.

Jay Clayton is the William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of English, and Director of the Curb Center for Art, Enterprise, and Public Policy at Vanderbilt University. He has published books and articles on Romantic poetry and Victorian novels, contemporary American literature, film and digital media, science and literature, and medicine, health, and society. His book, Charles Dickens in Cyberspace: The Afterlife of the Nineteenth Century in Postmodern Culture (2003), focused on the depiction of computers, information technology, and cyborgs from the Victorian era to the twenty-first century.

Jim Davis is Professor of Theatre Studies at the University of Warwick. His major research interest is in nineteenth-century British theatre and his most recent books are Comic Acting and Portraiture in Late-Georgian and Regency England (Cambridge University Press, 2015) and Theatre and Entertainment (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016). He is the editor of Victorian Pantomime: A Collection of Critical Essays (2010)—the first academic book devoted exclusively to this topic—and Lives of Shakespearian Actors: Edmund Kean (2009). He is also joint author of a study of London theatre audiences in the nineteenth century, Reflecting the Audience: London Theatre-going 1840–1880 (2001). He has published a wide range of book chapters and refereed articles in his research field. Current research projects include a two-volume edition of nineteenth-century dramatizations of Dickens (with Jacky Bratton) for Oxford University Press and a study of cultural exchange between Britain and Australia 1880–1960 (with Australian academic Veronica Kelly).

Kate Flint is Provost Professor of Art History and English at the University of Southern California. She is author of The Woman Reader 1837–1914 (1993), The Victorians and the Visual Imagination (2000), and The Transatlantic Indian (2009), as well as many articles on Victorian and early twentieth-century cultural history, literature, and visual culture. She is currently completing ‘Flash! Photography, Writing, and Surprising Illumination,’ and working on two new projects: one on the ordinary and the overlooked, and the other on the transnational currents of art in the nineteenth century. (p. xvii)

Hilary Fraser holds the Geoffrey Tillotson Chair of Nineteenth-Century Studies and is Dean of Arts at Birkbeck, University of London. Her most recent book is Women Writing Art History in the Nineteenth Century: Looking Like a Woman (2014). Earlier books include Beauty and Belief: Aesthetics and Religion in Victorian Literature (1986), The Victorians and Renaissance Italy (1992), English Prose of the Nineteenth Century (with Daniel Brown, 1997), and Gender and the Victorian Periodical (with Stephanie Green and Judith Johnston, 2003). She is currently writing a book for Oxford University Press on art writing. She is President of the British Association for Victorian Studies.

Melissa Free is an Assistant Professor of English at Arizona State University, where she teaches nineteenth- and twentieth-century British literature and postcolonial studies. Her essays have appeared in edited collections and journals, including Genre, Texas Studies in Literature and Language, and Joyce Studies Annual. New work is forthcoming in Victorian Studies and Conradiana. Her current project is a book-length study of gender, race, and generic innovation in British South African literature from the First Boer War through the First World War.

Holly Furneaux is Professor of English at Cardiff University. She is author of Queer Dickens: Erotics, Families, Masculinities (2009). She is also co-editor, with Sally Ledger, of Dickens in Context (2011) and editor of John Forster’s Life of Dickens (2011). Her next book, Military Men of Feeling: Emotion, Touch and Masculinity in the Crimean War (Oxford University Press) will be out in spring 2016.

Lauren M. E. Goodlad is the Kathryn Paul Professorial Scholar of English and Criticism and Interpretive Theory at the University of Illinois, Urbana where she is also Provost Fellow for Undergraduate Education. Her books include Victorian Literature and the Victorian State: Character and Governance in a Liberal Society (2003), the co-edited ‘Mad Men’, Mad World: Sex, Politics, Style, and the 1960s (2013), and The Victorian Geopolitical Aesthetic: Realism, Sovereignty, and Transnational Experience (2015). She is also the editor of Worlding Realisms, a forthcoming special issue of Novel: A Forum on Fiction as well as the co-editor, with Andrew Sartori, of The Ends of History (2013), a special issue of Victorian Studies.

Rae Greiner is Associate Professor of English at Indiana University, Bloomington, where she is editor of the journal Victorian Studies. The author of Sympathetic Realism in Nineteenth-Century British Fiction (2012), she is interested in the relation between history and literary form and in the vagaries of mental life. Her book in progress, Stupidity After Enlightenment, is a study of stupidity’s value for British scientists and authors circa 1750–1940.

Josephine M. Guy is Professor of Modern Literature at the University of Nottingham. She has published monographs on various aspects of nineteenth-century literary history and has edited a collection of source documents, The Victorian Age (1998, 2002); her most recent publications in this area (in collaboration with Ian Small) are The Routledge Concise History of Nineteenth-Century Literature (2011) and The Textual Condition of (p. xviii) Nineteenth-Century Literature (2012). She has also published widely on Oscar Wilde and since 2000 has been a contributing editor to the Oxford University Press edition of the Complete Works of Oscar Wilde, bringing out in 2007 an edition of Wilde’s critical writings (vol. IV); she is currently editing a volume of some of his plays.

Ian Haywood is Professor of English at Roehampton University, London. He has published widely on radical politics and popular literature in nineteenth-century England, including three editions of Chartist fiction (published by Ashgate), numerous articles on George W. M. Reynolds, and The Revolution in Popular Literature: Print, Politics and the People 1790–1860 (2004). His other books include Bloody Romanticism: Spectacular Violence and the Politics of Representation 1776–1832 (2006), The Gordon Riots: Politics, Culture and Insurrection in Late Eighteenth-Century England (2012; co-edited with John Seed), and most recently Romanticism and Caricature (2013). His current research interests include political caricature in the early Victorian period, the visual culture of Chartism, Spain and Romanticism, and literary illustration in the Romantic period.

Ann Heilmann is Professor of English Literature at Cardiff University, having previously held professorial chairs at Swansea and Hull. The author of New Woman Fiction: Women Writing First-Wave Feminism (2000), New Woman Strategies: Sarah Grand, Olive Schreiner, Mona Caird (2004), and Neo-Victorianism (with Mark Llewellyn, 2010), she has co-edited (also with Llewellyn) a critical edition of the short stories of George Moore (2007) and most recently an essay collection on George Moore: Influence and Collaboration (2014). She has also (co-)edited three other essay collections, as well as four multi-volume anthology sets, on Victorian to contemporary women’s writing and Victorian to Edwardian (anti)feminism. The general editor of Routledge’s History of Feminism and Gender and Genre series, and the academic editor of a forthcoming database, Routledge Historical Resources: The History of Feminism, she is now working on a cultural history of James Miranda Barry in Victorian and neo-Victorian biographilia.

Alice Jenkins is Professor of Victorian Literature and Culture at the University of Glasgow and works mainly on the emergence of the knowledge economy in the nineteenth century. Publications include Space and the ‘March of Mind’: Literature and the Physical Sciences, 1815–1850 (2007) and an edition of Michael Faraday’s essays, Michael Faraday’s ‘Mental Exercises’: An Artisan Essay-Circle in Regency London (2008). She is the co-founder and first Chair of the British Society for Literature and Science.

Juliet John is Hildred Carlile Chair of English Literature at Royal Holloway, University of London. She is Director of the Royal Holloway Centre for Victorian Studies and was previously Director of the Glastone Centre for Victorian Studies, which she founded. She has published widely on Victorian literature and culture. She is the author of Dickens’s Villains: Melodrama, Character, Popular Culture (2001) and Dickens and Mass Culture (2010). She has edited numerous books and editions, most recently (with Matthew Bradley) Reading and the Victorians (2015) and is Editor-in-Chief of Oxford Bibliographies: Victorian Literature. She is currently working on (p. xix) a book provisionally entitled Pictures for Posterity: The Making of Heritage in the Nineteenth-Century Novel.

Amy M. King is Associate Professor of English at St. John’s University, Queens, NY. She is the author of Bloom: The Botanical Vernacular in the English Novel (2003, 2007), as well as articles in journals such as Common Knowledge, Victorian Studies, Victorian Review, Romanticism and Victorianism Online, Novel, ELN, and BRANCH: Britain, Representation, and Nineteenth-Century History, 1775–1925. She is finishing a book project entitled The Divine Commonplace: Natural History, Theologies of Nature, and the Novel in Britain, 1789–1865.

Mark Knight is Senior Lecturer in the Department of English and Creative Writing at Lancaster University. His publications include Chesterton and Evil (2004), Nineteenth-Century Religion and Literature: An Introduction (with Emma Mason, 2006), and An Introduction to Religion and Literature (2009). He has edited several volumes, most recently The Routledge Companion to Literature and Religion (2016), and he is currently finishing a monograph, Good Words: Evangelicalism and the Victorian Novel.

Lara Kriegel is Associate Professor of History and English at Indiana University, where she is also the Director of the Victorian Studies Program. Kriegel is the author of Grand Designs: Labor, Empire and the Museum in Victorian Culture (2007), as well as several essays and articles on material culture, museum history, social class, and imperial formation. She is currently at work on a book called War Without Heroes, which considers the Crimean War and its afterlife.

John Kucich is Professor of English at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. He is the author of Excess and Restraint in the Novels of Charles Dickens (1981), Repression in Victorian Fiction: Charlotte Brontë, Charles Dickens, and George Eliot (1987), The Power of Lies: Transgression in Victorian Fiction (1994), and Imperial Masochism: British Fiction, Fantasy, and Social Class (2007). He has also edited, with Dianne F. Sadoff, Victorian Afterlife: Postmodern Culture Rewrites the Nineteenth Century (2000), and he is the editor of Fictions of Empire (2002). With Jenny Bourne Taylor, he has co-edited The Oxford History of the Novel in English, Volume Three: 1830–1880 (2012). He has also written numerous essays on Victorian literature and culture.

Ruth Livesey is Reader in Nineteenth-Century Literature and Thought at Royal Holloway, University of London. Her publications include Socialism, Sex, and the Culture of Aestheticism in Britain, 1880–1914 (2007) and the co-edited volume The American Experiment and the Idea of Democracy in British Culture (2013). She is currently completing a book entitled Writing the Stagecoach Nation: Locality on the Move in Nineteenth-Century British Literature and is an editor of the Journal of Victorian Culture.

Mark Llewellyn is Visiting Professor in English at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. His research interests are focused on the nineteenth century and contemporary literature and culture. His publications include The Collected Short Stories of George Moore: Gender and Genre (with Ann Heilmann, 2007), the collections Metafiction and Metahistory in Contemporary Women’'s Writing (with Ann Heilmann, 2007) and (p. xx) Conflict and Difference in Nineteenth-Century Literature (with Dinah Birch, 2010). Mark’s most recent book is the co-authored (with Ann Heilmann) Neo-Victorianism: The Victorians in the Twenty-First Century (2010).

Teresa Mangum is Professor of Gender, Women’s, and Sexuality Studies at the University of Iowa where she also directs the University of Iowa Obermann Center for Advanced Studies. She is the author of Married, Middlebrow, and Militant: Sarah Grand and the New Woman Novel (1998) and numerous articles on representations of Victorian late life—human and animal—and the editor of A Cultural History of Women: Volume 5: The Age of Empire, 1800–1920. She co-edits a book series, Humanities and Public Life, for the University of Iowa Press.

Gail Marshall is Professor of Victorian Literature and Director of the Victorian Studies Centre at the University of Leicester. She is the author of Actresses on the Victorian Stage (1998), Victorian Fiction (2003), and Shakespeare and Victorian Women (2009), and has edited books on George Eliot, the fin de siècle, and Shakespeare and the nineteenth century. She is currently working on a monograph on the literature and culture of 1859.

Emma Mason is Professor of English and Comparative Literary Studies at the University of Warwick. Her books include Women Poets of the Nineteenth Century (2006), Nineteenth Century Religion and Literature: An Introduction (with Mark Knight, 2006), The Cambridge Introduction to Wordsworth (2010), Elizabeth Jennings: The Collected Poems (2012) and Reading the Abrahamic Faiths: Rethinking Religion and Literature (2015). She is co-editor of The Oxford Handbook to the Reception History of the Bible (2011), and The Blackwell Companion to the Bible in English Literature (2009), and with Mark Knight, general editor of Bloomsbury's series, New Directions in Religion and Literature.

Elizabeth Meadows is Senior Lecturer in English and the Assistant Director of Vanderbilt University’s Curb Center for Art, Enterprise, and Public Policy. Her current book project examines how various authors use marriage to problematize the social and material power of literary form in Victorian literature and culture. She thanks the American Council of Learned Societies for support enabling her to complete this chapter.

Alex Murray teaches in the School of English at Queen’s University Belfast. He is the author of Landscapes of Decadence: Literature and Place at the Fin de Siècle (2016) and edited, with Jason Hall, Decadent Poetics: Literature and Form at the British Fin de Siècle (2013). He is currently writing a book on the relationship between aesthetics and conservatism in the period 1880-1940.

Katherine Newey is Professor of Theatre History at the University of Exeter. She is a scholar of nineteenth-century British literature and culture, specializing in popular theatre and women’s writing, and has published widely on the Victorian theatre and culture. Publications include Women’s Theatre Writing in Victorian Britain (2005), and John Ruskin and the Victorian Theatre, co-authored with Jeffrey Richards (2010). (p. xxi)

Robert L. Patten is Senior Research Scholar at the Institute of English Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London. He has written extensively about the works of Charles Dickens and the graphic artists Hablot Knight Browne and George Cruikshank, and also published essays on Charlotte Brontë, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, William Makepeace Thackeray, Victorian illustration, nineteenth-century print culture, and the concept of authorship in the industrial era. A recent book, Charles Dickens and ‘Boz’: The Birth of the Industrial-Age Author (2012), received the Robert and Vineta Colby Scholarly Book Prize from the Research Society for Victorian Periodicals.

John Plotz is Professor and Chair of English at Brandeis University. He is the author of The Crowd (2000) and Portable Property (2008), and his current project is entitled ‘Semi-Detached: The Aesthetics of Partial Absorption’. He recently published his first children’s book, Time and the Tapestry: A William Morris Adventure (2014).

John Plunkett is Associate Professor in the Department of English at the University of Exeter. His publications include Queen Victoria—First Media Monarch (2003), the co-edited, with Andrew King, Victorian Print Media: A Reader (2005) and Popular Exhibitions, Science and Showmanship 1820–1910 (2012), co-edited with Joe Kember and Jill Sullivan. He is currently working on a book of nineteenth-century visual entertainments, covering the panorama, diorama, peepshow, and magic lantern, provisionally entitled, Picture Going: Popular Visual and Optical Entertainments 1820–1914.

Kerry Powell is the author of Acting Wilde (2009), preceded by Oscar Wilde and the Theatre of the 1890s (1990) and Women and Victorian Theatre (1997. He edited the Cambridge Companion to Victorian and Edwardian Theatre (2004) and is co-editor with Peter Raby of Oscar Wilde in Context (2013). He is Professor of English at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

Joanne Shattock is Emeritus Professor of Victorian Literature at the University of Leicester. She is general editor of The Works of Elizabeth Gaskell (2005–06) and is co-editor with Elisabeth Jay of The Selected Works of Margaret Oliphant (25 vols. 2011–16). Other works include The Oxford Guide to British Women Writers (1993) and the third edition of The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature 1800-1900 (1999). Her latest publication, Journalism and the Periodical Press in Nineteenth-Century Britain, is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press (2016).

Sally Shuttleworth is Professor of English Literature at the University of Oxford. She was Co-Director of the Science in the Nineteenth-Century periodical project which produced an index to the science content of a range of periodicals (, and three books in the area. She has published extensively on Victorian literature and science. Her most recent work is The Mind of the Child: Child Development in Literature, Science and Medicine, 1840–1900 (2010). She is currently directing two research projects on nineteenth-century science and culture: ‘Diseases of Modern Life: Nineteenth-Century Perspectives ( and ‘Constructing Scientific Communities: Citizen Science in the 19th and 21st Centuries’ ( (p. xxii)

Jonah Siegel is Professor of English at Rutgers University. He is the author of Desire and Excess: The Nineteenth-Century Culture of Art (2000) and Haunted Museum: Longing, Travel, and the Art-Romance Tradition (2005), and editor of The Emergence of the Modern Museum: An Anthology of Nineteenth-Century Sources (2007).

Julia Thomas is Professor of English Literature at Cardiff University, UK. She has worked extensively on Victorian visual and material culture and her books include Victorian Narrative Painting (2000), Pictorial Victorians: The Inscription of Values in Word and Image (2004), and Shakespeare’s Shrine: The Bard’s Birthplace and the Invention of Stratford-upon-Avon (2012). She is Director of the AHRC-funded Database of Mid-Victorian Illustration ( and The Illustration Archive (