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date: 22 February 2020

(p. ix) List of Abbreviations

(p. ix) List of Abbreviations

α, β, γ

undergoer prefixes, underspecified for TAM value

>

acting upon

|

(disjunction/ between morphosyntactic values), e.g. 2|3sg ‘2nd or 3rd singular’

abl

ablative

abs

absolutive

Accom

accompaniment

acc

accusative

ad

additive

adess

adessive

ag

agentive nominalizer

Agr

agreement

agt

agentive/instrumental

all

allative

anim

animate

anmz

action nominalizer

ant

anticipatory

antip

anticipatory

appl

applicative

ARG-ST

argument sructure

asal

argument salience

ass

assentive

assert

assertive

ATR

advanced tongue root

att

attributive

aux

auxilary

awa

away

BA

Brodmann’s areas

ben

benfactive

buffer

CAT

computer-assisted translation

caus

causative

cc

concentrative

cf

counterfactual

cfy

confirmatory

clf

classifier

clf:anim

noun classifier animates

clf:human

noun classifier humans

clf:thing

noun classifier neuter/residue class

clf:time

noun classifier times and places

clf:veg

noun classifier non-meat food

cm

class marker

cnj

conjectural

cnj2

conjectural phrase-final

coll

collective

com

comitative

cond

conditional

conj

conjugation

cont

continuous

cop.vbz

copulative verbalizer

cp

comparative

cpl

completive

CSL

Center for Speech and Language

cur

current

cvb

converb

dat

dative

decl

declarative

def

definite

dem

demonstrative

df

diffuse

dist

distal

dl

delimitative

dm

discourse marker

DNF

disjunctive normal form

Declarative/Procedural Model

du

dual

dw

downward

emph

emphatic marker

erg

ergative

evid

evidential

exc

exclamatory

excl

exclusive

exist

existential

f

feminine

foc

focus

FSA

finite state automaton

FSM

finite state morphology

FST

finite state transducers

fugal

centrifugal spatial deixis

fut

future

fut:irr

future irrealis

GB

Government and Binding

gen

genitive

GET

generative-enumerative syntax

GNA

Generalized Nonlinear Affixation

gofoc

goal focus

H

high tone

HD

Huntingdon’s disease

HPSG

Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar

HSE

Herpes Symplex Encephalitis

icpl

incompletive

IE

Indo-European

imp

imperative

ina

interactive

incl

inclusive

ind

indicative

indef

indefinite

inessive

inf

infinitive

infr

inferential

InO

indirect object

ins

instrumental

intens

intensive

intr

intransitive

IO

input–output

ipfv

imperfective

ir

interrogative

irr

irrealis

iter

iterative

iw

inward

L

low tone

LID

lexical index

lim

limitative

link

linker particle

LKŽ

Lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Lithuanian Dictionary]

LM

language model

loc

locative

loc.vbz

verbalizer

m

masculine

mo

momentaneous

MDL

Minimum Description Length

MLE

maximum likelihood estimate

mlt

multiplier

mod

modal verb

MRL

morphologically rich language

MS

Morphological Structure

MT

machine translation

MTS

model-theoretic syntax

n

neuter

NCA

non-concatenative allomorphy

nd

non-dual

neg

negative

nevid

non-evidential

non-future tense

nmlz

nominalizer

nom

nominative

nsg

non-singular

nsib

non-sibling

num

numeral

O/obj

object

obl

oblique

OCR

optical character recognition

PAC

Probably Approximately Correct

pass

passive

pat

patientive

PBMT

phrase-based machine translation

pc

paucal

pdr

perdurative

PEP

Paradigm Economy Principle

perl

perlative

perm

permanent property

PET

positron emission tomography

petal

centripetal spatial deixis

PFM

Paradigm Function Morphology

PHON

phonology

p:ipfv

past imperfective

pfv

perfective

pl

plural

PM

Prosodic Morphology

PN

proper noun

pn

pronominal

PNG

Papua New Guinea

poss

possessor/possessive

pot

potential

pret

preterite

prf

perfect

pri

primordial

privative

prog

progressive

proj.imp

projected imperative

pron

pronoun

prox

proximal

prp

propogative

prs

present

pst

past

pst:irr

past irrealis

pt

perlative

ptcp

particple

ptnmlz

patient nominalization

pvb

preverb

rcand

reduplicand

rdp

reduplication

r.e.

recursively enumerable

re

resultative

rec

recent past

recip

reciprocal

ref

referential

refl

reflexive

rem

remote past

repet

repetitive action

RM

realize morpheme

RNC

Russian National Corpus

rr

reflexive/reciprocal

S/sbj

subject

sbjv

subjunctive

sfx

suffix

sg

singular

semel

semelfactive

sib

sibling

sim

simple tense

SLI

Specific Language Impariment

semelfactive

SMT

statistical machine translation

sou

source

spat

spatial

spec

specifier

ss

same subject simultaneous

str

sustainer

subr

subordinator

TAF

transderivational antifaithfulness

TAM

tense, aspect, mood

TETU

The Emergence of the Unmarked

tf

transformative

top

topic/topicalizer

tow

toward

tpst

today’s past

tr

transitive

trans

transitivizer

tube

tubular classificatory marker

u

undergoer

UG

Universal Grammar

voc

vocative

VoiObs

voiced obstruent

vsal

verb salience

WP

Word and Paradigm

ypst

yesterday’s past

(p. xvi)