Abstract and Keywords
We frequently need to model orthogonal information; for instance, number typically cross-cuts lexical meaning. The normal way of doing this is by using features (NUMBER in this instance). Looking specifically at inflection, the key determinants are the morphosyntactic features (like NUMBER) and the morphosemantic features (like TENSE). These provide the specification which inflectional morphology realizes. In addition we find the purely morphological features which express inflectional class. Interesting situations arise when the morphological forms available do not match the morphosyntactic and morphosemantic requirements in a straightforward way. This is where we find phenomena such as syncretism, defectiveness, and deponency. In some challenging examples the mismatch appears particularly severe, which raises the possibility that we should allow for less direct mapping of morphosyntactic specifications onto morphological paradigms.
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