- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Inflection
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- The Morpheme: Its Nature and Use
- Features in Inflection
- Inflectional Exponence
- Inflectional Paradigms
- Inflection Classes
- Paradigmatic Deviations
- Periphrasis and Inflection
- Contact-Induced Change
- Modelling Inflectional Structure
- Machine Learning of Inflection
- Machine Translation
- Inflectional Morphology in Language Acquisition
- Verbal Inflection in Iha: A Multiplicity of Alignments
- Inflection in Pulaar
- Lithuanian Inflection
- Chamorro Inflection
- Inflection in Murrinh-Patha
- Aymara Inflection
- Inflection in Nen
- Stem-Internal and Affixal Morphology in Shilluk
- Author Index
- Language Index
- Subject Index
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
This case study on Shilluk reveals a rich morphological system with a small segmental footprint. Whereas nouns and particularly verbs are characterized by extensive paradigms, many inflections are marked exclusively through stem-internal markers of vowel length, tone, ATR, and changes in the root-final coda. The chapter considers both stem-internal and affixal morphology. The conclusion summarizes the general characteristics of this system, and considers how it has developed diachronically. One important factor in the diachronic development is compensatory lengthening, which can still be observed synchronically. The extensive use of the same affixes for a wide range of morphosyntactic functions may also have played a role.
Keywords: non-concatenative, morphological tone, morphological exponence, Western Nilotic, spatial deixis, evidentiality, suprasegmentals, compensatory lengthening, three-level vowel length, vowel shortening
Bert Remijsen is a linguist working at the University of Edinburgh. His main area of expertise is suprasegmental contrasts, e.g. tone, vowel length, stress, and voice quality. Earlier he investigated such phenomena in the Austronesian languages Ma’ya and Matbat, and in the Caribbean Creole Papiamentu. Now he focuses on the Western Nilotic languages, in particular Dinka and Shilluk, where rich inventories of suprasegmental distinctions mark extensive morphological paradigms.
Cynthia L Miller-Naudé is senior professor in the Department of Hebrew at the University of the Free State (Bloemfontein, South Africa). She was trained in the Department of Linguistics and the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at the University of Chicago. Her main interests are syntax and pragmatics; much of her research involves the ancient Northwest Semitic languages. Since 1992 she has been involved in researching the morphology and syntax of Shilluk.
Leoma G. Gilley is the director for training for SIL International in Africa. She oversees training in translation and language development at BA through PhD level in partnership with various academic institutions across Africa. Previously, she was an assistant professor at the University of Khartoum. Her main research interests are phonology, Nilo-Saharan languages and syntax. She has worked with the Shilluk people on their language since 1983.
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