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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Nen is a previously undescribed language of Southern New Guinea. It is an SOV language with ergative/absolutive case alignment and twelve distinct cases, a morphological split of intransitive verbs on a stative vs. dynamic basis, and verb morphology integrating prefixal and suffixal material to make a rich set of TAM distinctions as well as coding direction and person/number information for two arguments. It lacks verb chaining but has a rich set of non-finite constructions in which nominalized verbs are inflected for case, and a complex system of grammatical number, distinguishing up to four number values within some sub-parts of the inflectional system. It is notable for the extent that it exploits distributed, paradigmatic, and constructive/unificational architectures to give complete grammatical feature specifications. Verbs integrate information from prefix and suffix paradigms into a circumfixal paradigm for TAM, and actor and undergoer agreement. This chapter has a particular focus on verb morphology.

Keywords: Nen, unification, paradigm, constructive number, distributed, dual, split-intransitive, ergative, stative, dynamic, middle

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