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date: 26 February 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article surveys the historically changing views of women and finance, with a special focus on women and risk. It begins by outlining the significant historical changes in women's financial activity from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Next it contrasts an eighteenth- and nineteenth-century view of women as speculators and of speculation as ‘female’, with a nineteenth- and twentieth-century view of women as cautious investors. It then moves on to the twentieth and twenty-first centuries and explores contemporary views and evidence on women and risk. It considers two specific areas where ‘category’ has an impact on context: women's investments in pensions, and their role as workers in the financial services sector.

Keywords: women, finance, financial activity, speculators, female investors, risk, pensions, financial services sector

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