- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Global Finance And Its Institutional Spaces
- Politics And Financial Markets
- Finance And Institutional Investors
- Business Groups And Financial Markets As Emergent Phenomena
- Central Banking And The Triumph Of Technical Rationality
- What is a financial market? Global markets as microinstitutional and post-traditional social forms
- Auctions And Finance
- Interactions And Decisions In Trading
- Traders And Market Morality
- The Material Sociology Of Arbitrage
- Seeing Through The Eyes Of Others: Dissonance Within And Across Trading Rooms
- Market Efficiency: A Sociological Perspective
- Financial Analysts
- Rating Agencies
- Accounting And Finance
- The International Monetary Regime And Domestic Political Economy: The Origin Of The Global Financial Crisis
- A Long Strange Trip: The State And Mortgage Securitization, 1968–2010
- Dead Pledges: Mortgaging Time And Space
- Financial Crises As Symbols And Rituals
- The Sociology Of Financial Fraud
- The Disunity Of Finance: Alternative Practices To Western Finance
- Islamic Banking And Finance: Alternative Or Façade?
- Geographies Of Finance: The State-Enterprise Clusters Of China
- The Financialization Of Art
- Historical Sociology Of Modern Finance
- Gender And Finance
- The Role Of Confidence In Finance
- Finance In Modern Economic Thought
- Financial Automation, Past, Present, And Future
Abstract and Keywords
This article looks at the ways in which housing finance has become incorporated into the heart of the capitalist economy, and does so by focusing on the United States, a country in which housing finance casts a very long shadow. The article is organized as follows. The second section provides a geographical account of money in general and of housing finance in particular. The third section looks at the rebuilding of the system of finance and its regulation in the US after the crisis of the 1920s and 1930s, and the central role afforded to housing within Keynesian growth models. The fourth section looks at the period from the mid-1970s onward when there was what Duménil and Lévy (2004) claim amounts to a financial coup d'état following the abandonment of Keynesian ideas, a shift to neoliberalism, and the empowering of financial capital through reregulation. The fifth section examines the social and geographical disparities of the subprime mortgage market and the disproportionate concentration of lending in nonwhite communities. The sixth section concludes by arguing that the story of subprime not only reveals the ways in which financial innovation has enabled the spatial and temporal stretching of the social relations of housing, but also highlights the unequal power relations that are at work in mortgage markets.
Shaun French is Lecturer in Economic Geography at the University of Nottingham, UK. He has research interests in the geographies of finance and, in particular, the spatialities of contemporary processes of biofinancialization, of financial subjectification, and the politics of financial exclusion. He is coeditor of Key Methods in Geography (2010), and has published in such journals as Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, British Journal of Politics & International Relations, Antipode, and Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.
Andrew Leyshon is Head of the School of Geography and Professor of Economic Geography at the University of Nottingham. His research focuses on geographies of money and finance and on the implications of digital technology for the musical economy. Recent publications include The Sage Handbook of Economic Geography (edited with Roger Lee, Linda McDowell, and Peter Sunley; 2011) and Geographies of the New Economy (edited with Peter Daniels, Jon Beaverstock, and Mike Bradshaw; 2007). In 2007 he was elected as an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences.
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