- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- Global Finance And Its Institutional Spaces
- Politics And Financial Markets
- Finance And Institutional Investors
- Business Groups And Financial Markets As Emergent Phenomena
- Central Banking And The Triumph Of Technical Rationality
- What is a financial market? Global markets as microinstitutional and post-traditional social forms
- Auctions And Finance
- Interactions And Decisions In Trading
- Traders And Market Morality
- The Material Sociology Of Arbitrage
- Seeing Through The Eyes Of Others: Dissonance Within And Across Trading Rooms
- Market Efficiency: A Sociological Perspective
- Financial Analysts
- Rating Agencies
- Accounting And Finance
- The International Monetary Regime And Domestic Political Economy: The Origin Of The Global Financial Crisis
- A Long Strange Trip: The State And Mortgage Securitization, 1968–2010
- Dead Pledges: Mortgaging Time And Space
- Financial Crises As Symbols And Rituals
- The Sociology Of Financial Fraud
- The Disunity Of Finance: Alternative Practices To Western Finance
- Islamic Banking And Finance: Alternative Or Façade?
- Geographies Of Finance: The State-Enterprise Clusters Of China
- The Financialization Of Art
- Historical Sociology Of Modern Finance
- Gender And Finance
- The Role Of Confidence In Finance
- Finance In Modern Economic Thought
- Financial Automation, Past, Present, And Future
Abstract and Keywords
Rating agencies are specialized companies that exist to produce and sell a type of information that plays an essential role in debt markets. This article gives a history of the rating industry. It outlines how, over a century and a half, commercially produced ratings have become an unavoidable market institution and the handmaiden of regulatory intervention.
Martha Poon is a Scholar in Residence at the Institute for Public Knowledge, New York University. She holds a PhD from the Studies Program at University of California, San Diego. She is currently working on a book manuscript entitled What Lenders See that Tells the History of the U.S. Consumer Credit Rating System.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.