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date: 26 July 2021

(p. xxviii) Image Permissions

(p. xxviii) Image Permissions

Regional Maps

The Regional Maps at the start of each part of the book are principally intended as a guide to the location of urban centres referred to in the chapters. The problems of fragile population data, the extended time periods, and differences between regions mean that the categorization is imperfect; also note that city names change over time. The maps are not comprehensive nor are they designed as a geography lesson (thus regional and state boundaries are omitted).

Cities in the Regional Maps for Parts I and II are mainly based on data from authors with additional reference to specialist maps. Cities in the Regional Maps for Part III have been mostly ranked according to the population data for c.2000 derived from the UN World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision. Cities that had passed the 1 million line by 2005 were included. In a few cases data were checked against national statistical series.

Location data are from Perry-Castañeda Collection, University of Texas/CIA, when available, and otherwise mainly from Google Maps. Mediterranean Europe location data are partly from The Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, edited by Richard Talbert (Princeton University Press, 2000).


We are grateful to copyright holders for giving permission for publication of the following: Plates 4.1 © David Mattingly;. 4.2 © Kevin MacDonald; 5.1 and 5.2 © J. M. Kenoyer/, courtesy Department of Archaeology and Museums, Govt. of Pakistan; 11. 1 and 11.2 © Ray Laurence; 12.1 © Brigitte Miriam Bedos-Rezak, History Department, University of New York; 13.1 and 13.2 from Nicolas de Fer, Tables des forces de l’Europe (1723), reproduced with permission from the University of Antwerp, Preciosa Library; 14.1 and 14.2 © Dominique Valérian; 14.3 © Jack and Barbara Sosiak, Spring City, PA 19475; and the Jack and Barbara Sosiak Collection, Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Pennsylvania (with thanks to John Pollack); 15.1 and 15.2 © Skilliter Centre for Ottoman Studies, Newnham College, Cambridge; 16.1 © Palace Museum, Beijing; 18.1 © ‘Ochanomizu’: from Edo meisho zue by Gesshin Sait; with the permission of the Early Modern Digital Library at the National Diet Library, Japan; 24.1 Author Matteo (p. xxix) Pagano. Civitate Orbis Terrarum by Braun et Hogenberg, 1572.; 24.2 Reproduced from the digital collection of the National Archives of Japan; 24.3 © Istanbul University Library; 25.1 in public domain. Reproduced by and with the permission of the Paul Robeson Library, Camden Campus, Rutgers University; 25.2 © Bildarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesit z & Art Resource Inc. New York; 27.1 in public domain; 28.1 © United Church of Canada Archives, Toronto, 98.083P/25N, Picture of a typical street in Chengtu, China before street widening; 28.2 © Zhang Chunhai; 30.1 George Grantham Bain collection, Library of Congress in 1948. In public domain; 30.2 VtTN: //; 33.1 from Tschadseeflug by Walter Mittelholzer (1894–1937), published in 1932 in Switzerland (publisher: Verlag Schweizer Aero-Revue, Zürich). In public domain because copyright expired; 33.2 Schreibkraft,; 39.1 in public domain; 39.2 Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, © 1939, renewed 1967 Columbia Picture Industries. Inc. All Rights Reserved. Courtesy of Columbia Pictures; 39.3. Taxi Driver, © 1976, renewed 2004, Columbia Picture Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Courtesy of Columbia Pictures; 40.1 the editor and author of Ch.40 have made all due diligent efforts to locate the copyright owner of this image without outcome. The owner is requested to contact the editor; 41.1 © Tuca Vieira; 41.2 © Ratoola Kundu; 43.1 © Peter Clark; 43.2 © Carola Hein; 44.1 Myrabella ://; 44.2 © Museo Thyssen/Bornemisza, Madrid. (p. xxx)