- The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life
- List of Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Aesop and Animal Fable
- Animals in Classical Art
- Good to Laugh With: Animals in Comedy
- Animals in Epic
- Animals in Tragedy
- Domestication and Breeding of Livestock: Horses, Mules, Asses, Cattle, Sheep, Goats, and Swine
- Animal Husbandry
- Value Economics: Animals, Wealth, and the Market
- Fauna of the Ancient Mediterranean World
- Ancient Fishing and Fish Farming
- Animal Communication
- Origins of Life and Origins of Species
- Civilization, Gastronomy, and Meat-Eating
- Animals in Warfare
- Animal Magic
- Animals and Divination
- Animal Sacrifice in Antiquity
- Animals in Late Antiquity and Early Christianity
- Part-Animal Gods
- Metamorphosis: Human into Animals
- Wondrous Animals in Classical Antiquity
- Animals in Egypt
- Spectacles of Animal Abuse
- Horse Racing and Chariot Racing
- Animals and Triumphs
- Being the One and Becoming the Other: Animals in Ancient Philosophical Schools
- Philosophical Vegetarianism and Animal Entitlements
- Zoological Knowledge in Ancient Greece and Rome
- Ancient Fossil Discoveries and Interpretations
- Veterinary Medicine
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the history of veterinary medicine in the Classical period. It explains that it was only in Roman times that veterinary medicine gained admission to Classical literature with the works of agricultural writers and suggests that while the theoretical basis of veterinary medicine is human medicine, it was influenced to a much greater degree by empirical knowledge and pre-rational conceptions about the healing of animals in folklore. This chapter discusses the role of Columella in introducing the term medicina veterinaria and explains that the practitioners of veterinary medicine during this time were the magistri pecoris or head herdsmen. It explores the procedures in disease prophylaxis, diagnosis, and therapy and the role of practitioners in birth assistance and castration.
Veronika Goebel, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich.
Joris Peters studied Biology/Zoology at the University of Ghent, Belgium. He obtained his PhD in Natural Sciences (Archaeozoology) from the University of Ghent, and a Habilitation in Palaeoanatomy, Domestication Research, and History of Veterinary Medicine from the LMU Munich (Veterinary Faculty). Since 2000, he holds the Chair of Palaeoanatomy, Domestication Research, and History of Veterinary Medicine at the LMU Munich and is the director of the Palaeoanatomy Department of the State Collection of Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy, Munich. He is also laureate of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Literature and Arts, Belgium, and Corresponding Member of the German Archaeological Institute. His main research interests include human–animal–environment relationships in prehistoric times, animal domestication, animal husbandry and breeding in antiquity, and Medieval hippiatry.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.