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date: 19 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the changing contexts in which animals feature in ancient Egypt, from Ptolemaic to Roman times. It explores the major parts roles played by animals: as divine avatars, as commodities, and as symbols. It explains that Egyptian deities were often accompanied in art by a strong animal element, some animals were considered sacred and others were used as sacrifice for the gods. Some animals were used as hunting companions and for food, though the Egyptians were highly selective in the animals they ate because of their religious belief. This chapter also discusses the role of animals as characters in myths and stories.

Keywords: animals, ancient Egypt, divine avatars, animals as commodities, animals as symbols, animals as food, Greek deities, animal sacrifice, hunting, characters in myth

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