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date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article's account of migration and the globalisation of religion speaks of the multi-polar processes of belief and practice that result as migrants of the same religious tradition, who, on finding themselves in different contexts, use their beliefs to address important existential questions that arise from their new experiences. Religion, however, does not always act as a social glue binding migrants together. The extent of the religious involvement of immigrants should not be exaggerated, for there are those among them, in some cases a sizeable minority, who use their new status to ‘liberate’ themselves from religion, or at least the religion of their birth and upbringing. It is this turning away, viewed by religious authorities as lapsing, or in Islamic terms as backsliding, which provides the catalyst for the growth and expansion worldwide of missionary movements such as Tablighi Jama'at.

Keywords: migration, globalisation, religion, social glue, backsliding, Muslim communities, Tablighi Jama'at, missionary movements

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