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date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

After briefly recalling the concepts of cognition and cognitive science, this article argues that the concept of religion referred to in cognitive science is too narrow; that even within that narrow concept some of its claims are questionable; that it is persons in the full sense of that concept, embedded in human groups, that generate insight and social movements, not lone brain structures; and that studying the role of cognition in religion and its development did not start with the cognitive turn of 1956, but decades earlier, and covers a wider field than made out by cognitive science of religion. To clarify distinction between what cognitive science refers to as religion and what others have referred to as religion, cognitive science is here taken to mean evolutionary neurobiological cognitive science over against psychological studies of cognition and its ontogenetic development.

Keywords: cognition, cognitive science, human groups, religion, social movements, neurobiology

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