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date: 28 February 2020

(p. xvii) Abbreviations

(p. xvii) Abbreviations

ABM

Anti-Ballistic Missile

ACP

African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States

AFTA

ASEAN Free Trade Area

ANC

African National Congress

AOSIS

Alliance of Small Island States

APEC

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APSA

American Political Science Association

ARF

ASEAN Regional Forum

AR4

Fourth Assessment Report (IPCC)

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Nations

ASEM

Asia–Europe Meeting

ASP

Assembly of States Parties (ICC)

ATTAC

Association for the Taxation of financial Transactions and Aid to Citizens

AU

African Union

BASIC

Brazil, South Africa, India, China

BATNA

Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporation

BCBS

Basel Committee on Banking Supervision

BIAs

Bilateral Immunity Agreements

BIS

Bank for International Settlements

BITs

Bilateral Investment Treaties

BRIC

Brazil, Russia, India, China

BRICSAM

Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa, Mexico

BUSA

Business Unity South Africa

BWC

Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention

BWI

Bretton Woods Institutions

CAFTA

China–ASEAN Free Trade Area

CAS

Court of Arbitration for Sport

CBDR

common but differentiated responsibilities

CCWC

United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons

CD

Conference on Disarmament

CEO

Chief Executive Officer

CERF

Central Emergency Response Fund

CFA

Committee on Food Aid Policies (WFP)

Conference of Central American Armed Forces

CFC

chlorofluorocarbon

CFS

Committee on World Food Security

CHOGM

Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency

CICC

Coalition for the International Criminal Court

CIDE

Mexican Centre for Economic Research and Development

CIGI

Centre for International Governance Innovation

CINDE

Costa Rican Investment Promotion Agency

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

CMC

Cluster Munitions Convention

CMI

Crisis Management Initiative

COMEXI

Mexican Council on Foreign Relations

COP

Conference of the Parties

COSATU

Congress of South African Trades Unions

CSIS

Center for Security and International Studies

CSO

civil society organization

CSR

corporate social responsibility

CSSD

Consultative Subcommittee on Surplus Disposal

CTBT

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

DAC

Development Assistance Committee (OECD)

DDA

Doha Development Agenda

DFAIT

Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada

DPKO

United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations

DPRK

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

DRC

Democratic Republic of the Congo

DSM

Dispute Settlement Mechanism

EC

European Community

ECHR

European Court of Human Rights

ECOMOG

Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group

ECOSOC

United Nations Economic and Social Council

ECOSOCC

Economic, Social, and Cultural Council (Africa)

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

EDB

Economic Development Board (Singapore)

EEAS

European External Action Service

ENDA

Enda Tiers Monde

EU

European Union

ExComm

Executive Committee of the National Security Council (US)

FAC

Food Aid Convention

FAC

Food Assistance Convention

FANs

Friends of Anti-Dumping Negotiation

Food and Agriculture Organization

FCO

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office

FCTC

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

FDI

foreign direct investment

FIDH

International Federation for Human Rights

FIFA

Fédération Internationale de Football Association

FIG

Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique

FMCT

Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty

FRBNY

Federal Reserve Bank of New York

FRIDE

Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior

FSB

Financial Stability Board

FSF

Financial Stability Forum

FTAA

Free Trade Area of the Americas

GAM

Free Aceh Movement

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

GDP

gross domestic product

GDR

German Democratic Republic

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GHG

greenhouse gas

GMO

genetically modified organism

GPA

Government Procurement Agreement

G6

Group of Six

G7

Group of Seven

G8

Group of Eight

G20

Group of Twenty

G77

Group of Seventy-Seven

GWOT

global war on terror

HLP

High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges, and Change

HSBC

Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation

HSGIC

Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee

IAAF

International Amateur Athletics Federation/International Association of Athletics Federations

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IANSA

International Action Network on Small Arms

IBRD

International Bank of Reconstruction and Development

IBSA

India, Brazil, South Africa

ICBL

International Campaign to Ban Landmines

ICC

International Chamber of Commerce

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICISS

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

International Court of Justice

ICNND

International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament

ICRC

International Committee of the Red Cross

ICSU

International Council of Scientific Unions

ICT

Information and Communications Technology

ICTR

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTSD

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

IDB

Inter-American Development Bank

IDF

Israeli Defence Forces

IDP

internally displaced person

IDRC

International Development Research Centre

IE

International Enterprise (Singapore)

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

IGC

International Grains Council

IGO

intergovernmental organization

IHL

international humanitarian law

IHR

International Health Regulations

IISS

International Institute for Strategic Studies (London)

ILC

International Law Commission

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMFC

International Monetary Fund Conference

IMO

International Maritime Organization

INC

Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee

INF Treaty

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

IOC

International Olympic Committee

IOM

Independent Oversight Mechanism

IO

international organization

IPCC

United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IR

International Relations

IRC

International Rescue Committee

ISAF

International Security Assistance Force

ISI

Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (Pakistan)

ISOs

International Sports Organizations

IT

information technology

ITA

Information Technology Agreement

ITTF

International Table Tennis Federation

ITU

International Telecommunications Union

IUCN

International Union for the Conservation of Nature

KFOR

Kosovo Force

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

LDCs

least developed countries

LMG

like-minded group

LOCOG

London Organizing Committee for the Olympics Games

LTTE

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

MAI

Multilateral Investment Agreement

MAP

Mutual Assessment Process

MDB

multinational development banks

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MEAs

Multilateral Environment Agreements

Mercosur

Mercado Común del Sur

MFAs

Ministries of Foreign Affairs

MIFH

Multinational Interim Force for Haiti

MIGA

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

MIKT

Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, and Turkey

MINUSTAH

United Nations Mission for the Stabilization of Haiti

MNC

multinational corporation

MOP

Meeting of Parties

NAFTA

North America Free Trade Agreement

NAM

Non-Aligned Movement

NAMA

Non-Agricultural Market Access

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NEDLAC

National Economic Development and Labour Council (South Africa)

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa's Development

NGO

non-governmental organization

NNWS

non-nuclear-weapon state

NOCs

National Olympic Committees

NPT

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

NPTREC

Non-Proliferation Treaty Review and Extension Conference (1995)

NPTREVCON

Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference

NRDC

Natural Resources Defence Council

NSG

Nuclear Suppliers Group

NTB

non-tariff barrier

NTI

Nuclear Threat Initiative

NWS

nuclear-weapon states

OAS

Organization of American States

OAU

Organization for African Unity

OCHA

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Operation Enduring Freedom

OHMD

The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy

OIC

Organization of the Islamic Conference

ONUCI

United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire

OPCW

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OSCE

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

OTP

Office of the Prosecutor (ICC)

PD

public diplomacy

P5

Five Permanent Members of the United Nations Security Council

PKO

Peacekeeping Operation

PLO

Palestine Liberation Organization

PPP

public—private partnership

PR

public relations

PRC

people's republic of China

PrepCom

NPT Preparatory Committee Meeting

PSI

Proliferation Security initiative

PTBT

Partial Test Ban Treaty

QDDR

Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review

RAMs

Recently Acceded Members

RCG

Regional Consultative Groups

R&D

Research and Development

REDD+

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation

RIM

Research in Motion

RS

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

RTA

Regional Trade Agreement

RTI

Radio Television Ivoirienne

R2P

Responsibility to Protect

SAARC

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SALW

Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons

SANROC

South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee

SDH

social determinants of health

SDRs

Special Drawing Rights

SICA

Central American Integration System

SIRG

Summit Implementation Review Group (Summit of the Americas)

SOM

Senior Officials Meeting

SRSG

Special Representative of the Secretary-General

SSBs

Standard Setting Bodies

SSOD I

First Special Session on Disarmament (1978)

START

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty

small and vulnerable coastal states

SVEs

small and vulnerable economies

SWAPO

Southwest African People's Organization

SWGCA

Special Working Group on the Crime of Aggression

TRIPS

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UCIL

Union Carbide India Ltd

UN

United Nations

UNAIDS

United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNAMA

United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan

UNASUR

South American Union of Nations

UNCCC

United Nations Convention on Climate Change

UNCHE

United Nations Conference on the Human Environment

UNCT

United Nations Country Team

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDCP

United Nations Drug Control Programme

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNFPA

United Nations Population Fund

UNGA

United Nations General Assembly

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHRC

United Nations Human Rights Council

UNICEF

United Nations Children's Fund

UNIFIL

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNMOGIP

United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan

UNPKO

United Nations Peacekeeping Operation

UNPROFOR

United Nations Protection Force in Former Yugoslavia

UNSC

United Nations Security Council

UNTAET

United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

UNTAG

United Nations Transition Assistance Group

UNTSO

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization

URAA

Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture

US

United States

USD

United States dollars

USIA

United States Information Agency

USSR

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

VANOC

The Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games

Vienna Convention on Consular Relations

VCDR

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

VVAF

Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation

WADA

World Anti-Doping Agency

WFP

World Food Programme

WHO

World Health Organization

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WMD

weapons of mass destruction

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WTO

World Trade Organization

WWF

World Wildlife Fund