Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the Ottawa Treaty or, as it is properly known, the Convention on the Prohibition on the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, which was signed by 122 governments in Ottawa, Canada, on 3–4 December 1997. By November 2011, there were 158 states parties to the agreement. The landmine treaty has saved lives, opened fields, and inspired change in international institutions. The NGOs created the Landmine Monitor, which has reported yearly on the substantial progress made in clearing minefields and preventing the export and production of mines. In 2009 only one nation, Myanmar, still used mines, and the number of producing nations had fallen from over forty to an estimated four. The number of deaths and serious wounds has dropped dramatically since 1997. The shame of defying the treaty made nearly all non-signatories compliant with the Ottawa aims. The United States, while refusing to sign the convention, became the leading funder for mine eradication.

Keywords: landmines treaty, Ottawa Treaty, minefields, Landmine Monitor

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.