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date: 28 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The International Criminal Court (ICC) combines traditional ‘club’ diplomacy with ‘network’ interactions. Dedicated to the norm of anti-impunity for perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and aggression, it came into being because of a combination of civil society and interstate diplomatic efforts. This article first describes how the ICC came into being during what appeared to be an unusual historical period of reduced interstate tensions and increased attention to norms long championed by non-state actors. It then describes the ICC network and the range of roles played by Court officials and other major participants. The article argues that this new organization and its network demonstrate a decline in ‘club’ diplomacy and a rise in ‘network’ diplomacy, but concludes that states retain dominant leverage within this nexus of interaction.

Keywords: ICC, club diplomacy, D42 network diplomacy, international relations

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