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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Security became the most prominent value sought by governments in the twentieth century. The funds expended to achieve it, and the amount of time and money diplomats spend negotiating security arrangements, are the measure of this commitment. Contemporary states typically spend vastly more for defence against known and anticipated enemies or threats than they do on education, housing, and other domestic priorities. This article discusses unilateral responses to security threats; bilateral strategies for security; multilateral security plans and projects; external and internal wars; the state as security threat; and two new types of security threat, terrorist tactics, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Keywords: interstate wars, threats, unilateral response, bilateral strategy, multilateral security, terrorism, weapons, mass destruction

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