Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 16 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article begins with a discussion of the concept of power. It then turns to the dominant classical approach to international affairs, called ‘realism’, which portrays the world in terms of sovereign states aiming to preserve their security, with military force as their ultimate instrument. This is followed by a discussion of soft power and smart power. Smart power is defined as the ability to combine hard- and soft-power resources into effective strategies. Unlike soft power, it is an evaluative concept as well as a descriptive concept. Soft power can be good or bad from a normative perspective, depending on how it is used. Smart power has the evaluation built into the definition.

Keywords: diplomacy, power, realism, international relations, soft power, smart power

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.