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date: 21 November 2019

(p. 702) (p. 703) Index

(p. 702) (p. 703) Index

Abed, George T. 694
Abeysekara, Ananda 423–4, 544
Aborigines 94 n.4, 273 n.3, 423, 440, 502, 607
child sexual abuse 492–4
land protests by 616
life expectancy of 616
Mabo ruling on 614, 616
official apology to 18
state-sanctioned removal of children 526, 617, see also Australia
Abu Ghraib prison, Iraq 180, 189, 289, 375
Abu Hamza al-Masri 183
Abu-Lughod, Janet 694, 695
Accra, Ghana 640 n.14
Achaemenids 131
Achebe, Chinua 452–3, 454, 455, 461, 462, 543
Adams, John 661
Adorno, Theodor 39, 116–17, 380, 391
advertising campaigns 281, 282, 615, 634
al-Afghani, Jamal al-Din 166
Afghanistan 22, 127, 137, 171, 172, 173, 174, 179, 180, 185, 197, 206, 244–5, 477
The Kite Runner (Hosseini) 208, 211–13
US invasion of (2001) 190–1, 192, 193, 206, 207, 212–13, 235, 236, 482
Africa 144, 594, 628–45
China’s land acquisitions in 521, 561
colonial government of 502
debt cancellation in 241
decolonization and 83, 84, 98, 644
diasporas 476, 554–5, 628–45, 686
environmental destruction in 529
Hegel on 154–5
historians of 470, 471, 479
historical memory and 477
Indian indentured labour in 554, 622, 633–4
Islam in 245, 247, 248
liberation wars in 644
literature 346, 456, 525
military conscripts in 634–6
nationhood and 388–9
Pan-Africanism 9, 638, 643–5
population dispersals 633–6
postcolonial social and political upheaval 644
postcolonial violence in 327
relegation in importance of 238
superstitious beliefs in 247–8
trade with China 629
tribalism in 384, 470, 600
US foreign policy in 243, 245
‘war on terror’ and 174–5, 236–9, 243–4, 248, see also Arab Spring
African Americans 129 n.4, 440, 530–1, 616, 639, 660
civil-rights movement 304, 314, 375, 638, 655
and Haiti 663
literature 662
and Pan-Africanism 643
African Development Bank 630
African Union 629, 630, 644
African Union Diaspora Ministerial Conference 629 n.2
Afro-Brazilians 640–2
Agamben, Giorgio 51, 146 n.5, 164, 171–3, 175–8, 275, 277, 289, 291, 528
‘bare life’ 172, 181–2, 241, 248, 256, 258, 267, 282, 294, 408, 409, 414, 529
Homo Sacer 181–2, 240, 255, 256, 258, 529
on literary criticism 256–7
on ‘metaphysics of power’ 171, 182, 253
on potentiality 256–7, 260, 261
principle of abandonment 277
on the ‘refugee’ archetype 176, 177, 255–6, 258–9, 260, 268, 294, 409
(p. 704) Remnants of Auschwitz 255
state of exception 172, 176, 182, 186, 188, 240, 241, 255
on thanatopolitics 271, 276–7, 408–9
Agnant, Marie-Célie 658
Agrawal, Arun 565–6
agriculture 94, 103, 534, 564, 611
Agyeman, Julian 529
Ahmad, Aijaz 21–2, 32, 309 n.4, 329, 380, 460–1, 464, 648–9
Ahmed, Eqbal 166
Ahuja, Neel 528
Aidoo, Ama Ata 531, 532
Ajami, Fouad 208
Akhmatova, Anna 256
Al-Qaeda 172, 174, 180, 181, 203, 205, 236–7, 243
Albania 112
Alberta, Canada 658
Algeria 78, 82, 129, 167, 203, 295, 327, 501, 534
Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) 8, 71, 85, 291–2, 304, 361, 373, 375–6, 650, 657, 672
Algonquian tribe 348
Ali, Ayaan Hirsi 208
Allende Gossens, Salvador 327
alter-globalization movement 569–77, 578
Althusser, Louis 144, 146 n.5, 326 n.5, 398, 407
Ambedkar, Dr B. R. 572
American Civil War (1861–5) 663
American culture 206, 207, 210, 555, 653, 654
American exceptionalism 199, 555, 653, 654, 655, 664, see also United States
American literature 609, 652, 653, 657, 660, 662
American Revolution (1775–83) 3, 662
American Samoa 611 n.3, 618
American Studies 556, 654–9
Amin, Idi 634
Amin, Mohamed 384
Amin, Samir 166, 335
Amini, Abas 254
Amis, Martin 200, 206
Amnesty International 204
Amsterdam 121, see also Netherlands; Dutch East Indies
ANC (African National Congress) 314–15, 318, 320
Anderson, Benedict 59, 75, 360 n.4, 427
Anderson, Perry 327 n.8, 363
Anderson, Warwick 471
Angola 327, 642 n.15, 644
Anidjar, Gil 424, 515–17
animal rights 424
animal studies 528, 529
Annett, Sandy 427 n.1
Anthony, Andrew 200, 201, 202
anthropology 342–3, 404, 469, 490–1, 500, 525
anti-Americanism 203–5, 210–11
anti-apartheid struggle 312, 314–19, 616
anti-colonialism 2, 4, 12–13, 16, 17, 21–2, 128, 129, 313, 432, 433
armed resistance and 300, 316, 320, 384, 385, 671
cultural memory and 303, 365–7, 376
Hegelian philosophy and 144, 147, 149–51
human rights and 180, 578, 580
intellectual politicians and 333–5, 372
Islamic form of 166
‘Liberal Renegade Prophets’ and 173, 199, 200–8
Marxism and 299, 333
nationalist 40, 69, 82, 128, 302, 328, 331, 566, 573
Nelson Mandela and 301, 307, 312, 314–20, 372
non-violent resistance to 13, 315, 320, 413, 530, 564
Second World War and 79–83
spiritual phenomenology 414–15
theorists see Fanon; Césaire; Cabral; Memmi
theory/practice dialectic 412–15
Anti-Corn Law League 72
anti-fascism 79
anti-globalization activism 571, 575–6, 593
anti-imperialism 210, 611
anti-slavery movement 70, 71–2
anti-war demonstrations 575
Anzaldúa, Gloria 659
Apache Indians 525
apartheid 400, 501, 644
(p. 705) APEC (Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation) 610
Aponte Rebellion (Cuba 1812) 662
Appadurai, Arjun 567–8, 619, 692
Appiah, Kwame Anthony 99 n.9, 324, 359, 360, 459, 648
Apter, Emily 303, 354, 355
Aquinas, Thomas 695
Arab-Israeli peace process 101, 224, 225, 227
Arab Revolt (1936–9) 186
Arab Spring (2010–11) 1–2, 9, 22, 34, 128 n.3, 175–6, 214, 217–19, 226–32, 246, 249, 291, 293, 294, 302, 304, 337
Araucanos Indians 96
archaeology 95, 694
archives 303, 360, 468, 480, 481
Netherlands Indies 31, 41, 44, 46–51, 53, 56, 58–61
Arendt, Hannah 3, 5, 22–3, 55, 255, 256, 262, 600
Argentina 72, 99, 104, 120
Aristotle 50, 62, 181–2, 695
Armah, Ayi Kwei 455
Armenian Massacre (1915) 404
Armitage, David 478
Arnold, Dan 512 n.3
Arnold, David 471, 475
Arnold, Matthew 462
Arrighi, Giovanni 591, 592
Asad, Talal 45 n.7, 343, 469, 507 n.1
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) 561
plus Korea, China, and Japan 591–6
Ashcroft, Bill 5 n.1, 301, 307–11, 313, 359, 432, 458, 608, 650, 651–4, 682
Asia 566, 567
Cold War in 599
decolonization of 98
diaspora 620
globalization and 552–3, 587–604
inter-regional studies of 552, see also under countries
Asian American Studies 588
ASLE (Association for the Study of Literature and the Environment) 524–5
Al-Assad, Mehmet 254, 255, 257, 258, 262, 265
assassinations 289, 327
Assmann, Aleida 363–4, 366, 367, 370 n.17
Assmann, Jan 363–4, 366, 367
Assyrians 131
Aswany. Alaa Al 22
asylum seekers 244, 253, 404, 579, 677
lip-sewing strategy 254–8, 260–1, 262, 263, 265, 291, 294
Athens 133 n.8
athletics 382–6, 392
Attridge, Derek 542
Atwood, Margaret 209
Audet, Noël 658
Austen, Jane 210, 211
Austin, John 59, 60
Australia 94 n.4, 435, 440, 471, 608, 610
asylum policy of 254, 262–5
hegemony of nationalism in 613
Intervention response to Aboriginal child sexual abuse 492–4
multiculturalism in 619–20
as penal colony 632
reconciliation policy in 17–18, 614–15, see also Aborigines
Austro-Hungarian Empire 122
Ayinde, O. A. 247
ʿAziz, Nafia Nafeh 189, 190
Azoulay, Ariella 187, 262, 263, 264–5
Aztecs 95, 96
Bâ, Mariama 99
Baathism 203
Babylonians 131
Bachelard, Gaston 46
Bachmann-Medick, Doris 303, 356
Bacon, Francis 43, 53
Bagehot, Walter 198
Bahrain 128 n.3, 224, 229, 693
Bale, John 304, 381, 382, 385
Balibar, étienne 305, 405–7, 671, 672, 676, 677
Ballantyne, Tony 476
Bandung conference (1955) 2, 111–12, 124, 330, 335, 572–3
Bank of England 84
Bannister, Roger 384, 385
Banton, Buju 304, 305, 382, 389–93
Barclay, Robert 622
Barkawi, Tarak 230–1, 291, 293
Barlow, T. 596
Barry, Peter 652
(p. 706) Barthes, Roland 398, 649
Bassnett, Susan 302, 344, 347, 368
Basso, Keith H. 525
Bastos, Augusto Roa 99
Bataille, Georges 515
Batavia 58, 60
Battiste, Marie 441
Bauman, Zygmunt 692
Baxi, Upendra 570, 572, 577, 578–80
Bayly, Christopher 48
Beaudoin, Réjean 657
Beck, Ulrich 671
Beeson, M. 248–9
Begg, Moazzam 173, 184–5
Belarus 111
Belgium 679, 695
Bellamy, A. 248–9
Bello, Walden 593
Benjamin, Walter 187, 258, 259, 260–1, 341, 342, 350, 354, 360 n.4, 368
Bentham, Jeremy 480
Berger, John 204
Berlin Wall, fall of (1989) 113, 307, 329 n.10
Berman, Paul 200, 201–2, 207, 208
Bernanke, Ben 147
Bernasconi, Robert 151, 154–6
Bernheimer, C. 442
Beveridge Report (1942) 84
Beverley, John 100 n.13, 102
Bhabha, Homi K. 8, 163, 246, 302, 308, 309 n.3, 311, 359, 369, 399, 433, 456, 495, 541
on critical resistance 300
on cultural memory 369, 371
‘Forget Europe’ 683
on A House for Mr Biswas (Naipaul) 543
on hybridity 342, 368, 458, 497
Location of Culture 457, 458–9
on mimicry 257, 313 n.6
on ‘postcolonial’ 328–30
on translation 341–2, 343, 344, 368
Bible translations 351
Bikini Island 619
Biko, Steve 316
Bilgrami, Akeel 44 n.6, 45 n.8
Bin Laden, Osama 180, 186, 197, 236, 693
biopolitics 171, 176, 182, 191, 246–7, 258–61, 268, 279, 397
development governance 236, 240–2, 244
environmental 534
Foucault on 401–3
racism and 400–3, 676
rights and rightlessness 255
biopower 305, 402–6, 409, 471, 534
Black Legend literature 101 n.15
Black Power 655
Blackburn, Anne 513
Blackburn, Robin 661
Blair, Tony 190, 239
Blanchot, Maurice 515
Boehmer, Elleke 201, 262, 264, 265, 301–2, 305, 309 n.3, 329 n.10, 372, 414, 463
Boers 600, see also South Africa
Bolivia 97, 99, 100, 104, 284, 294
Bolshevik Revolution (1917) 80, 336–7
Bolsheviks and Bolshevism 292, 337, 502
Bolter, Jay David 371
Bongie, Chris 429, 430
Bosnia 111
Botes, Costa 613
Botha, P. W. 321
Bouazizi, Mohammed 246, 291
Bougainville, island of 617
Bourdieu, Pierre 59, 649
bourgeoisie 74, 75, 109, 143, 149, 336, 402, 405, 421, 459, 460–1, 571, 597
Bové, Paul 14–15, 19
Brague, Rémi 674
Brah, Avtar 636
Brathwaite Kamau 434, 436, 526
Brash, Don 278
Brazil 94, 96, 97, 99, 102, 104, 351–2, 554, 640, 641, 653
Breckenridge, Carol 491
Brémond, Hubert 621
Brennan, Timothy 21, 36, 331 n.14, 424, 559
Brenner, Robert 326
Brewster, Ben 326 n.5
BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) 561
Bright, John 198
Britain 48, 49, 129, 189, 684
African seamen in 637–8
anti-colonial feeling during wartime 83
Black British and British Asian literatures 678
(p. 707) devolution in 476
efforts to end slave trade by 641
electoral reform bills in 72
Empire Day in 68
intelligence service 184
Irish migration to 75–6
lip sewing strategy of asylum seekers 254
and Palestine mandate 186, 187, 188, 228
and population dispersal 632–3
postcolonial migration to 372, 629, 638
racism in 637
welfare state and 84, 85
British East India Company 478, 500–1
British Empire 28, 32, 33, 43, 92, 130, 198, 566, 589–90, 594, 659
anti-slavery movement and 71–3
colonial elite 55
compared with French Empire 67–86
decolonization and 78, 83–4
Empire Day (24th May) 68
racism and 136
social difference in 73–7
transition to liberal democracy 69–73
British imperial history 467–8, 469, 470–82, 522
British literature 451, 462–3, 652, 678
‘British World’ conferences (1998–2007) 472–3, 476
Broad, Howard 279
Brodzki, Bella 355
Brouillette, Sarah 438
Brown, Jacqueline Nassy 637
Brutus, Dennis 314
Brydon, Diana 302, 420–1, 526, 541
Brzezinski, Zbigniew 137 n.11
Buck-Morss, Susan 142
Buddhism 508, 509, 510–11, 512, 513, 587
Buell, Lawrence 653
Bullard, Alice 77
Bullard, Nicola 593
Bulliet, Richard 134 n.9
Buntman, Fran 317
Burke, Edmund 478
Burke, Timothy 471
Burnham, Forbes 393
Burton, Antoinette 472, 475, 480
Burton, Richard 474
Burundian refugees 266
Bush, President George W. 54, 118, 188, 190, 192, 203, 224, 225, 243
Bush administration (2001–9) 181, 182, 184, 185, 193, 207, 221, 235, 404
Butler, Judith 184, 192, 193, 236, 249, 289, 291, 409, 468
Byzantine Empire 112
Cabral, Amilcar 325 n.3, 334, 365–6, 540
Cabrera, Lydia 145
Caché (2005 film) 375
Cadena, Marisol de la 284
Cajete, Gregory 526
Cajune, J. et al. 522
Cambridge Companion to Postcolonial Literary Studies, The 440
Caminero-Santangelo, Byron 525
Campbell, P. 240
Canada 440, 521, 532, 555, 632, 649, 656, 657–9
Candomblé (Afro-Brazilian religion) 640, 641, 642
Cannadine, David 473
cannibalism 93, 94–5, 351–3
capitalism 19, 34–5, 115, 136, 150 n.6, 153, 242, 292, 302, 333–4, 336, 406, 424, 432, 544–5, 549–50
alter-globalization movement and 573
Chinese 592–3, 598, 692
Christianity and 115
collective amnesia and 214
human rights and 578
imperialism and 30, 36, 157, 290
Marxism and 157, 292
and modernity 34, 113, 660
socialist revolution and 80
triumphal post-Cold War rhetoric and 214, see also globalization
Caracalla. Emperor 133
Carbonell, Ovidio 349
Carey, Peter 529, 622
Caribbean 70–1, 80, 83, 84, 92, 109, 120, 437, 452, 453, 454, 455, 542, 554, 608, 638, 639, 643, 652, 656, 657, 673
Caribbean popular culture 304, 382, 386–7, 630
Carson, Rachel 524
(p. 708) cartography 435, 475, 525, 526, 561
Casanova, Pascale 308 n.1
Castro, Fidel 334
Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia 122
Catholics and Catholicism 109, 113, 114, 120, 121, 352, 495, 651, 657, see also missionaries
census records 480, 632 n.8
Césaire, Aimé 303, 321, 365, 369, 372, 373, 595
Chakrabarty, Dipesh 501 n.7, 502, 506, 597, 681, 692
on Buddhism 512 n.3
on the European Enlightenment 43, 46, 423
historicism 423, 433, 480, 482, 500, 526–7, 544
Provincializing Europe 317, 423, 433, 497–9, 552, 682–3
Chandhoke, Neera 570
Chandler, D. 243
Chandra, Sarika 332
Chandrasekaran, Rajiv 138 n.12
Charles X of France 71
Charter 08 (10 December 2008) 603
Chartism 76
Chataway, Christopher 383
Chatterjee, Partha 43, 44 n.6, 55, 476, 499, 501 n.7, 566, 571
Chaudhuri, Amit 497, 498
Cheah, Pheng 440
Chechyna 22
Chen Kuan-Hsing 590–1, 599
Chen Xiaomei 598
Cheng, Anne Anlin 409
Chepkwony, Lazaro 382–6, 392
Cherokee Indians 94
Cheyfitz, Eric 347–8
Chicano Movement 655
Chicano studies 659, 660
chieftainship (rangatirianga) 275, 277 n.6, 284–5, 348
children 489–90
dispersal of ‘vagrant’ 632–3
migration 554
racial classification of 51–2
sexual abuse of Aboriginal 492–3
state-sanctioned removal of indigenous 526, 617
children’s literature 443
Chile 95, 97, 99, 104, 327
China 72, 109, 117, 214, 225, 228, 552–3, 692–3, 695
ASEAN and 591–3
and Cold War 588, 590, 595, 596, 599–604
GDP per capita 589
global ascendancy of 589, 592–3, 593
human rights in 603–4
land acquisitions in Africa 521, 561
non-colonized but affected by ‘coloniality’ 594–6
occidentalism and 597–9
Tibet and Taiwan 595, 599, 601–2
trade with Africa 629
translation studies 353–4
Chinese migrants 658
Chinweizu 332, 643
Chomsky, Noam 204, 290
Chow, Rey 305
Chrisman, Laura 462
Christianity 34–5, 109, 115, 556, 673, 676
conversion to 98, 641
critique of 514–16, 544
Hegel on 145, 156
history of 424
Huntington’s dividing line 111, 112, 113
Latinity and 114, 119–20, 121
Christmas Island 253, 254, 262, 263–4
Chronique d’un été (1961 film) 374
CIA (Central Intelligence Bureau) 138, 193
Cilano, Cara 525
citizenship 71, 80, 85, 255, 262, 264–5, 551
activism 574–5
French colonies 81
imperial subjects and 73–8, 133–4, 135
Māori and 177
and non-citizens 266
racism and 134–6
suspension of legal rights associated with 184–5
civil rights movements 3, 128, 129–30, 552, 616
in United States 304, 314, 375, 638, 655
civil servants, Dutch colonial 48, 56–7
(p. 709) civil society 34, 102, 118, 149, 151 n.7, 152, 153, 434, 443, 479, 570–7
Clark, Helen 278, 615
‘clash of civilizations’ thesis 111, 113, 219, 222–7, 593
class 8, 42, 51–2, 326, 329, 331, 334, 335, 473, 591, 631, 700
race and 69, 73–7, 80, 120 n.6, 405, 406, see also individual social classes
Clavigero, Francisco Xavier 95
Clifford, James 302, 342
climate change 431, 522, 526–7, 532, 553, 579, 612
Clinton, Hillary 218, 226, 229, 230, 290
Clinton, President Bill 236
Coetzee, Pieter 144
coevalness 434, 439, 490–1, 544–5, 639–40, 681
Cohen, Bernard 469
Cohen, David William 470
Cohen, Nick 200
Cohen, Paul 596, 599
Cohen, Warren 694–5
Cohn, Bernard S. 432, 435, 470
Cold War 129, 223–4, 326, 327
and China 588, 590, 595, 596, 599–604
as imperial formation 596
neo-realism and 220
politicization of athletics 385
poverty and 242
Cole, G. D. H. 413
collective memory 303, 362–3, 365, 373, 616, 663, see also cultural memory
Colley, Linda 472, 474
Collingham, Elizabeth 471
Collins, Steven 509–13
Colombia 104
colonial amnesia 236, 238, 242–6
colonial discourse 147, 165, 174, 202, 212, 257, 311, 313, 399, 439, 457, 528, 544, 553, 595, 597, 599–600, 601, 682, 698
colonialism 136, 162, 186–9, 260–1, 508, 523, 633
coloniality, see modernity/coloniality
colonization 149–52, 186, 202, 241, 274, 275, 280, 281, 283, 442, 603, 613, 614, 652, 655, 664, 682, 694, see also decolonization
Columbia 22
Comaroff, Jean and John 469
Commonwealth literary studies 456
Commonwealth literature 459
Communard exiles 76–7
communication technology 132, 272, 283, 286, 304, 388, 561, 563, 619, 694
communism 78, 82, 202, 335, 597, 599
collapse of Soviet 2, 3, 130, 307, 310, 328, 329 n.10, 561, 589, 593, 684
compassionate conservatism 54–5
concubinage 471
Condorcanqui, José Gabriel 96
Condorcet, Marquis de 480
Confucianism 109, 587, 597, 599
Connell, Raewyn 435
Conrad, Joseph, Heart of Darkness 55, 462–3, 680
Conservative-Liberal coalition government (UK) 244
Conservative Party (UK) 84, 242
Cook, Captain James 475
Cook Islands 618
Cooper, Carolyn 390, 391–2
Cooper, Frederick 314 n.8, 376, 427, 429, 473, 481, 681–2
Cooper, Robert 128 n.3
Coronil, Fernando 660
corporate power, see multinational corporations
corruption 48, 200, 387, 388, 455, 589
cosmopolitan studies 700
cosmopolitanism 17, 34, 91, 101–4, 254–5, 291, 459, 548, 566, 591, 594, 599
Costa Rica 104
counter-insurgency 137, 179, 181, 194
counter-memory 366, 368–70
Counter-Reformation 135
counter-terrorism 179–80, 227
Cree Indians 527
Creoles 117, 120
creolization 133, 544
cricket 304, 382, 385, 393, 464
Cripps, Stafford 99 n.9
critical race studies 428, 440, 700
critical regionalism 550, 553, 556, 565–8, 590, 612
(p. 710) critical revisionism 9 n.3, 10, 15, 16, 20
Croatia 111, 113
Cromer, Lord 129
Cronin, Jeremy 314
Cronin, Mike 304, 381
Crosby, Alfred 522
Crowther, Ajayi, bishop of Nigeria 641
Cruickshank, J. 525
CSR (corporate social responsibility) 578, 579
Cuba 181, 327, 554, 640, 662
Culler, Jonathan 298
cultural anthropology 342–3
cultural identity 33, 95, 96, 300, 306, 406, 658, 673–4, 677, see also hybridity
cultural materialism 430, 439–40
cultural memory 4, 300, 303–4, 359–76, 382, 439, 616, 663
anti-colonial theorists and 365–7
colonial 85, 174, 236, 238, 246, 369–71
of the future 517–18
historical 439, 477
Latinity and 119 n.5
multidirectionality nature of 371–6, 413
selective 212
cultural nationalism 167, 613–14, 615
cultural relativism 190–1, 206, 406
cultural studies 344, 346, 463–4, 590–1
cultural theory 356, 430
cultural translation 342–7
culture 497–8, 617
Aboriginal 493–4
African 639, 640, 643–4
African-American 660
American 206, 207, 210, 555, 653, 654
Black immigrant 638
European 677–80
ex-slaves 641–2
Pacific region 611–12
Québécois 657, 658
Cummings, Bruce 596
Curthoys, Ann 477
Curtin, Deane 527
Da Costa, Emilia Viotti 71–2
Dabashi, Hamid 211, 212
Dalai Lama 602
Dangor, Achmat 314
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 174, 236
Darian-Smith, Eve 436
Darnton, Robert 59
Darwin, John 29
Daston, Lorraine 50, 57
David, Steven 221–3
Davis, Uri 186
Davoodi, Hamid 694
Dawes, Kwame 386
Dawood, Yusuf 634 n.11
Dawson, Ashley 684
Dayan, Joan 145
De Andrade, Oswald 352
De Campos, Haroldo and Augusto 352–3
De Gaulle, Charles 81, 82
De Man, Paul 542
Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789) 255, 262
‘decolonial shift’ 34–5, 122, 129, 165
decolonial transmodernity 107–8, 111–12, 115, 116–17
decoloniality 111–12, 115–19, 124, 139, 162, 165, 432, 659
decolonization 4, 7, 9, 33, 68, 69, 171, 244, 293, 327, 328, 330, 428, 540, 543, 580, 698
bypassing indigenous people 94
Cold War and 596, 599
colonial wars and 671
double 128–31, 136
Haiti and 661
literature and 452
Middle East 98
migration and 372–3
Pacific region 611, 616
social democracy and 78–85
Spivak on 577–8
deconstruction 19, 156, 256, 312–13, 369, 371, 433, 518
deindustrialization 564, 568
Deleuze, Gilles 144, 146 n.5, 437, 439, 532
DeLoughrey, Elizabeth 436–7, 525–6
democracy 32–3, 123, 173, 241, 432, 433, 437, 534, 560, 580–1, 589, 592–3, 603
civil society and 571, 600
Derrida’s ‘promise’ of 17, 424, 517
imperialism and 68–86, 129, 198
(p. 711) US support for 226, 229–30
demographics and demographic studies 222, 435, 476, 500, 531, 532
Deng Xiaoping 588, 592
déraison 32, 61
deregulation 290, 560, 563
Derrida, Jacques 29, 156, 164, 305, 432, 433, 456, 468, 515, 523, 529, 649, 669
on apartheid 305, 400
on Lévi-Strauss’s nature/culture distinction 497–8, 499
on life and death 509 n.2, 510
‘promise’ of democracy 17, 424, 517
rereading of Benjamin 342, 354
on translation 513
Desani, G. V. 652
Descartes, René 121, 510
Desroches, Vincent 657
deterritorialization 437, 532, 548
Devadas, Vijay 279
dewesternization 34, 35, 108, 111, 116–18, 121–2, 124
Dhawan, Nikita 438, 550–1, 692
diaspora space 636
diaspora studies 532, 664, 700
diasporas 459, 476, 562, 651, 660, 675, 678, 695
Asian 588
Caribbean 638
dispersals and 554, 631–6
Pacific 618–20
plantation slavery and 639–42
Quebec 658
returnees 640–1
subalternity and 574
dictatorships 98, 99, 100, 102, 123, 327, 644
Diderot, Denis 480
Diop, Cheikh Anta 166
Dirks, Nicholas 470, 478
Dirlik, Arif 309 n.4, 324, 330–1, 532, 533, 648
dispersals 76–7, 614, 615, 618
diasporas and 631–6
displaced persons 564, 579, 661
dispossession 109, 461, 522, 564, 614, 616–17
Donnell, Alison 390
Donner, Fred McGraw 132
Douglass, Frederick 662
Doyle, Michael 30, 133
drone assassinations 289, 579
Du Bois, W. E. B. 643
Duara, Prasenjit 566
Dubois, Laurent 44 n.6
Duffield, Mark 171, 175, 240, 244, 246, 249
Duras, Marguerite 374
During, Simon 16, 431–2
Durkheim, émile 362, 491
D’Urville, Dumont 609
Dussel, Enrique 112, 165, 496
Dutch East Indies 31, 41, 44, 46–7, 48–9, 50–1, 53, 56, 58, 59–61, 405
Dutch Enlightenment 42 n.3
Dutton, M. 240
Eagleton, Terry 324
East Africa 236, 237, 245, 247, 384, 491, 554, 633, 634, 637
East Sumatra 48
Easter Island 522, 620, 622
Eastern Europe 238
ecocriticism 524–5, 535, 608
ecology 403, 524, 526, 527, 532, 533, 534
economic crises 222, 326, 482, 587
Ecuador 294
education 429
for freed slaves 641
in French colonies 369–70
in India 497, 563
indigenous 75, 77, 526
in Pacific Region 611
postcolonial literature and 452–3
US investment in Muslim 245, 248
Edwards, Brent Hayes 431
Edwards, Brian T. 648, 660
Egypt 1, 22, 71, 129, 154, 175, 176, 214, 224, 225, 226, 232, 294, 475, 477, 695
Ehrlich, Paul 531
Elliott, Jane 542
emergency powers 180, 186–7, 188, 194
emigration 277, 660, 662, 680
empire:
‘Caracallan threshold’ of 133–4, 135
cultural memory of 367, 372
(p. 712) decentring of 422, 476–7, 482, 659
history of 304
longevity of 134
modernity and 479, 480–1
nostalgia for 360
Empire Writes Back, The (Ashcroft, Griffiths, and Tiffin) 5 n.1, 301, 307–11, 313, 359, 458, 608, 650, 651–4, 682
employment 340, 404, 568, 572, 618
enfranchisement 71, 73, 81, 129
Engels, Friedrich 336, 500
English language 308, 354, 620, 621, 656–7
English literature 346, see also British literature
Enlightenment 31 206, 36, 39–63, 70, 74, 134, 145, 146, 164, 198, 203, 204, 208, 423, 478, 480, 580, 660
environmental studies 424–5, 429, 521–35, 564, 700
development/globalization 532–5
ecocriticism 524–5, 535
ecofeminism 527–8, 529
empire and 521–3
ethics 527–9
justice and 529–31
epistemic violence 40, 248, 369, 428
Equador 283–4
Erdogan, Recep Tayyip, Prime Minister of Turkey 111, 116
Erll, Astrid 371–2
Erskine, Derek 384, 385
Escobar, Arturo 165, 284, 532
Estonia 111
Etesami, Parvin 210
Ethiopia 98, 154, 241, 389, 644
ethnic cleansing 213, 408
ethnicity 115, 132, 134, 397, 402, 407–8, 424, 517, 651, 700
ethnography 55, 342, 343, 699
EU (European Union) 108, 109, 111, 116, 122, 225, 404, 406–7, 591, 671
eastward expansion of 118, 675
Latin countries of 34, 107
Turkey’s membership application to 107, 113, 673
Vaclav Havel on 673
Eurocentrism 3, 34, 127, 128, 158, 171, 202, 273, 423, 557, 596, 603, 649, 669, 680, 683
Abu-Lughod on 695
Balibar on 672
Chinese scholars and 590, 601
coloniality and 108–15
dewesternizing Latinity and 119–20
epistemologies 432–3, 436, 439, 440, 441
Foucault’s 404
history 158, 164, 202, 567
human rights and 551, 578
myth of modernity 496
Paul Cohen on 596
Europa’ legend 674
Europe 556–7, 669–86, 698
cultural identity of 673–4, 677–80
geography and 672–3
geopolitical division of 111–13
history of 671–2
marginalization in postcolonial studies 680–6
and Marxism 336–7
politics and 674–6
postcolonial melancholia of 684–6
European exceptionalism 108–9
European Pauperism commissions (1901) 58
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. 247
Even-Zohar, Itamar 345
evolutionary theory 397
ex-slaves 472, 632, 635, 640, 641
exceptionalism 614
American 199, 555, 653, 654, 655, 664
European 108–9
existential phenomenology 413–14
exploration and discovery 55, 259, 489, 609
extraordinary rendition 184–5, 289, 579
Eyre, Edward 474
Eze, Emmanuel Chukwudi 144
Fabian, Johannes 55, 490–1
failed states 238, 243, 244
Fairbank, John King 596
famine 340, 534
Fanon, Frantz 7–10, 11, 12, 112, 170, 176, 327, 335, 436, 595, 643, 698
on Algerian War of Independence 259, 291–2, 373
(p. 713) on decolonization 292 n.12
on ‘native’ 176–7, 258
on new humanism 320 n.10
on racism 305, 306, 397, 398, 409
on reconciliation 18 n.5
on settler/native opposition 259, 260, 266, 267
‘wretched of the earth’ 115, 117, 120 n.6, 122, 258–60, 289, 294, 315, 320 n.10, 321, 365, 414, 460, see also neocolonialism
Farred, Grant 386
Farrier, David 176–7, 291
Farrokhzad, Forugh 210
fascism 57, 373, 590, 664, 671, 673
Fasolt, Constantine 495
Featherstone, Simon 304–5, 413–14, 464
Fenton, Sabine 348
Ferguson, J. 240
Ferguson, Niall 199, 595
Feuerbach, Ludwig 144 n.4, 515
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb 143
Figiel, Sia 618
Fiji 612, 622
film and documentaries 210, 374–5, 464, 588, 598–9, 609, 613–15, 617, 636 n.13, 677
financial markets 115, 174, 566, 694
Findley, Timothy 458
Finland 111
First World War (1914–18) 80, 83, 613, 635, 637
fishing 611
Fishkin, Shelley Fisher 656
Fitzgerald, Edward 349, 350
Fitzgerald, Scott F. 210
Fleras, Augie 284
FLN (Front de Libération Nationale) 203, 373, 375, 376, see also Algerian War of Independence
‘Focus on the Global South’ think-tank 593
food sovereignty 533–4
Forbes, Admiral Sir Ian 243
Forbes, Duncan 154
forced labour 97, 266, see also slavery
Foreign Affairs journal 220
Forsdick, Charles 555–6
Foucault, Michel 6–7, 29, 51 n.13, 60 n.17, 156, 279, 310, 326 n.5, 367, 397, 432, 468, 481, 523, 649
accused of ethnocentrism 164
Agamben and 255
biopolitics 401–4, 534
on biopower and neoliberalism 305, 402, 404, 406, 409, 471, 534
‘breach of self-evidence’ 46 n.11, 51
concept of discourse 456, 507
counter-memory 366 n.11
déraison 32, 61
on the Enlightenment 39, 42, 43
and genealogy 507, 514
repressive hypothesis 401, 408
France 114, 115, 120, 129, 228
and African conscripts 635–6
German occupation of 81
nuclear testing in Pacific region in 610–11
Paris massacre (1961) 373–4, 375
post-war housing in Paris 82
postcolonial literature and 679
postcolonial migration to 372, 618, 629, 636
resistance to postcolonial thought 649
war in Indochina 373, 671, see also Algerian War of Independence
Frank, Andre Gunder 591, 592
Fraser, Robert 455, 458, 576
Free France 80, 81
free market 119, 147, 199, 207, 402, 549, 560, 563, 567, 575, 595, see also market economy
free trade 72, 479
free will 148, 402
Freedland, Jonathan 200
Freeman, Cathy 614
Freemasonry 476
Freire, Paulo 290
French Empire 28, 32, 33, 203, 589–90, 594
colonial education and 369–70
compared with British Empire 67–86
decolonization and 78–83, 84
in North America 92 2n.
racism in 136
social difference and 74, 75–7
transition to liberal democracy 69–73
French Polynesia 610, 611, 618, 620–1, 621, 673
(p. 714) French Resistance 81
French Revolution (1789) 3, 4, 44 n.6, 70, 71, 122, 146, 153, 156, 292, 662
French Revolution (1830) 71
French Revolution (1848) 71, 73
Freud, Sigmund 409
Friedman, Thomas 491–2
Fromm, H. 524
Fuentes, Carlos 99
Fukuyama, Francis 226, 310
Fuller, Graham 138
fundamentalism 119, 173, 204, 237, 407
Furphy, Joseph 652
G8 (Group of Eight) 241, 561, 575
Gadamer, Hans-Georg 144, 153
Galison, Peter 50
Gallagher, John 72, 469
Gandhi, Indira 327
Gandhi, Leela 299
Gandhi, Mahatma 13 n.4, 44 n.6, 83, 145, 318, 319, 320, 327, 414, 429, 540
Hind Swaraj 313
satyagraha 315, 316, 413, 530
Gaonkar, Dilip Parameshwar 648, 660
Garvey, Marcus 643
Gates Jr., Henry Louis 8, 305, 309 n.3, 400
arrested by white policeman 396–7, 407
Gay, Peter 43, 48
Gaza 172, 180, 188–9
Geertz, Clifford 50, 510–11
gender 73–4, 305, 391, 470, 517, 551, 568–9, 569
gender studies 470–1
genetic modification 534, 564
Geneva Convention 181, 185
genocide 182, 404, 406, 654, see also Holocaust
Gentzler, Edwin 353
geography 422, 435, 672–3
geopolitical imaginaries 175–6, 217–18, 238, 291
geopolitics 174, 235–6, 235–46
George, Susan 109
Germany 74, 80, 81, 110, 111, 157, 671, 679, 680
Ghana 393, 455, 640 n.14, 643
Gibbon, Edward 138
Gikandi, Simon 254, 542
Gikuyu people 634
Gilman, Sander 311
Gilroy, Paul 382, 386, 387, 389–91, 409, 436, 464, 476, 637, 638, 676, 677, 678, 684–5
Gipps, George 501
Githae, Robinson Njera 238
Gitlin, Todd 200, 201, 202, 204–6
glasnost 307, 329 n.10
Glennie, J. 239
Glissant, édouard 436, 649
global justice movements 571, 572, 574–5, 577–80, see also alter–globalization
global studies 16, 548–9, 593, 692, 694, 695
globalectics 434
globalism 17, 110, 548, 549, 562, 574
globalization 17, 110, 166, 202, 214, 223, 241, 242, 244, 248, 328, 407, 427, 654, 692–6
alter-globalization movement 569–77, 578
Asia and 587–604
China and 353
critical regionalism and 550, 553, 556, 565–8, 590, 612
decentring effects of 482
definitions of 560
development and 532–5
gender and 568–9
historic 694–6
imperialism and 476, 551
justice and 571, 572, 574–5, 577–80
neo-Marxism and 684
neoliberal 245, 247, 420, 428, 431, 434, 560, 562–5, 570, 572–4, 580
new racism and 305
postcolonialism and 430, 431, 432, 433
Salman Rushdie on 206–7
types of 549, see also subalternity; regionalism; diasporas
globalization studies 429, 434–6, 439, 700
globalization theory 331 n.14, 548, 551, 559, 692
Glotfelty, C. 524
Gobineau, Count Artur de 74
Gogwilt, Christopher 336
Gombrich, Richard 512 n.3
Goodrich, Peter 259–60
(p. 715) Gopal, Priyamvada 173–4, 290, 293, 337
Gorodé, Déwé 621, 622
Ghosh, Durba 481
Goss, Andrew 48
governance 73, 224, 228, 238, 246, 265, 284, 291, 397, 428–9, 566
biopower and 305, 402–6, 409, 471, 534
colonial 31–2, 92, 98, 175, 637
Dutch colonial 41, 44, 46–7, 48–9, 50–1, 53, 56, 58, 59–61
good 198, 241, 266, 551, 571
Islamic 110, 139
sentiment and 53–4, see also neoliberalism
Grace, Patricia 622
Gramsci, Antonio 335, 468, 571, 576
Grande, Edgar 671
Greece 113, 117, 254
Green, Fred 383
Green, Mary Jean 657
Greene, Graham 203
Greenpeace 204
Gregory, Derek 176, 186, 231, 253
on ‘colonial present’ 94, 178, 235–6, 246, 295, 442
on global war prisons 180–2
on Huntington 222
on imaginative geographies 179, 183, 217, 231, 272–3, 286
on Palestine 186
on ‘war on terror’ 170–2, 180–2, 193, 217–18, 224–5, 294
Grenville, Kate 615
Griffiths, Gareth 5 n.1, 301, 307–11, 313, 359, 432, 458, 608, 650, 651–4, 682
Grove, Richard 44 n.6
Grusin, Richard 371
Guadeloupe 71
Guam 611 n.3
Guantánamo Bay detention camp, Cuba 172–3, 180–1, 184–5, 189, 193, 197, 203, 289, 294
Guardian, The 200
Guatemala 99, 100–1, 102, 104
Guattari, Félix 439, 532
guerrilla warfare 316
Guevara, Che 293, 327
Guha, Ramachandra 527
Guha, Ranajit 174, 214, 468, 480
Guinea-Bissau 327
Gulf War (1990–1) 221, 224, 664
Gupta, Partha Sarathi 83
Gurindji people 616
Gurnah, Abdulrazak 678
Guyana 393
Habermas, Jürgen 556, 669
Hacking, Ian 49, 61
Hague, William 244–5
Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia 387, 388, 644
Haitian migrants 658
Haitian Revolution (1797–1804) 2, 3, 44 n.6, 70–1, 156, 555, 661, 663
Hajjar, Lisa 187
Halbwachs, Maurice 362, 363, 364, 372
Hall, Catherine 72, 472, 474
Hall, Stuart 328, 561, 638
Hallward, Peter 21, 308 n.2, 309 n.4, 429–30, 463
Hamas 225, 229, 294
Hamber, Brandon 16
Handley, George B. 526
Haneke, Michael 375
Haraway, Donna 534, 535
Hardt, Michael 30, 482, 559, 572, 573, 699
Harland-Jacobs, Jessica 476
Harley, J. B. 469
Harootunian, Harry 589, 596–7
Harris, Wilson 308
Harrison, Nicholas 462–3
Hartman, Saidiya 644
Harvey, David 28, 170, 197, 207, 469, 549, 561, 592
Hasan-Khan, Alia 190, 191
Haskell, Thomas 54–5
Hausa Constabulary 634–5, 636
Hauʿofa, Epeli 553–4, 611–12, 618, 619, 621
Havel, Vaclav 673
Hawaii 609, 616, 619
Hawkins, John 370, 371, 372
Hawthorne, Nathaniel 652
Hazbun, Waleed 175, 290, 291, 293
Head, Dominic 524
(p. 716) Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 39, 111, 117, 142–59, 164, 414, 480, 515
anti-colonial thought and 144, 147, 149–51
critique of the Enlightenment 36
ethics 146, 147–50, 152, 153
geopolitical mapping 112
Idealism 148, 151, 507
on transcendentalist history 506–7
world order 112, 202
Heidegger, Martin 146 n.5, 498, 509, 510, 515
Heise, Ursula 533
Held, David et al. 560
Henderson, James Sakej Youngblood 441
Herder, Johann Gottfried 480
Herskovits, Melville 639
Herzl, Theodor 186
Hesse, Barnor 135
Hevia, J. 595
Hezbollah 225, 229, 294
Himmelfarb, Gertrude 54
Hindess, Barry 423, 433, 544
Hinduism 145, 414, 470, 508, 511–12, 513, 562–3, 622
Hiro, Henri 621
Hiroshima atomic bomb (1945) 189, 192, 193
Hirsch, Marianne 375 n.26
Hirschman, Albert 41, 53
historical biographies 474
historical revisionism 5 n.1
historicism 164, 310, 332, 335, 423–4, 433, 480, 497, 499, 500, 506–18, 542, 544, 596, 640, 655, 657
historiography 6, 72, 144, 353, 400, 435, 467, 468, 472, 480, 662
history 162–3, 310, 365, 422–3, 443, 467–82, 514, 543–4, 681
African American 660
American 655
British imperial 467–8, 469, 470–82, 522
environmental 526
geographies 474–7
identities and 470–4
of postcolonial Europe 671–2
teaching 699
Hitchcock, Peter 440
Hitchens, Christopher 173, 200, 203–4, 206, 208, 214
Ho Chi Minh 327, 595
Hobbes, Thomas 221
Hobsbawm, Eric 326, 496
Hobson, John 109
Hodge, Bob 440, 699
Hodgson, Marshall 127 n.1
Hofmeyr, Isabel 351
Holmes, James 345
Holocaust 74, 79, 182, 304, 373, 374–5, 376
homophobia 200, 390, 392
homosexuality 248
Hong Kong 436, 471, 594, 603, 698
Hoogvelt, Ankie 548
hooks, bell 243 n.1
Horkheimer, Max 39, 116–17
Hosseini, Khaled, The Kite Runner 174, 208, 211–13
House, Jim 375
Howard, John 263
Howe, Stephen 6 n.2, 18, 28, 30
Hu Jintao 629
Hu Sheng 594–5
Huggan, Graham 163, 308 n.2, 309, 412, 429, 438, 463, 464, 469, 540, 648, 683, 692, 694, 697
Hughes, Langston 663
Hulme, Peter 648, 651, 654, 656
human rights 17, 148, 172, 173, 256–7, 290, 424, 429, 439, 529, 693
activism 571, 572, 575
Arab Spring and 226, 227
in China 552, 603–4
Eurocentric 551, 578
as justification for violent intervention 180, 189–92
land claims and 613
language of 552
paradigm shift in 579–80
Spivak on 577–8
traditional ways and 493, 494
violations 184, 189, 190
humanism 19, 507 n.1, 528, 534, 535, 596
humanitarianism 175, 190–1, 238–46, 240, 290
Hume, David 41, 155
Hunt, Alex 525
Hunt, Alfred N. 663
(p. 717) Huntington, Samuel 112–13, 116, 122, 175, 221, 228
‘clash of civilizations’ thesis 111, 113, 219, 222–5, 226–7, 593
Husserl, Edmund 145, 413
hybridity 16, 307, 310–12, 342, 346, 368, 414, 429, 455, 458, 497, 560, 580, 588, 654, 698
Ibn Rushd 121
Ibo people (Nigeria) 454, 455
Idealism 148, 151, 158, 507
identity 422, 476
British imperial history and 470–4
cultural 33, 95, 96, 300, 306, 406, 658, 673–4, 677
diasporic African 630–1, 637–42
gender 470, 569
Latinity 107, 114, 117, 119–21
maritime route metaphor of 637–8
Muslim 132–3
new European 672
Pacific 611–12
plantation route metaphor of 639–42, see also national identity
Ignatieff, Michael 200
IIPFCC (International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change) 522
Ikenberry, John 228
illegal immigrants 244, 677, 681
imaginative geographies model 170, 177, 178, 179, 182, 183, 217, 272–3, 276–80, 282, 434, 474, 477, 567
imagined communities 427, 437, 573–4, 619, 655
IMF (International Monetary Fund) 223, 329, 563, 570, 575, 694
immigrants and immigration 76, 85, 119–20, 128, 157, 213, 262, 289, 404, 406, 473, 619, 638, 639, 660, 677, 680, 684–5, 695
imperialism 28, 164, 199, 333
American 198–214, 245, 290, 559
cultural 561, 573, 603
Enlightenment and 39–63
humanitarian aid 190–1
Islamic 97, 127–39, 165, 166, 167
nationalism and 139
new 170, 171, 197, 198, 199
new phase of 290
Pacific region 609
race and 74–5, 134
social difference 69, 73–8
systems of subordination 92–3
transition to liberal democratic ideology 69–73
transnational networks and 476–7
victims of 131 n.6
‘in-betweenness’ 341–2, 368
Incas 96
indentured labour 554, 622, 632–4, 633
India 327, 432, 455, 471, 534, 567, 587, 593, 695
Adivasis in 521
anti-colonialism in 83
Bhopal disaster in 535, 579
British political intelligence and 48
Chipko movement in 529–30
colonial census analysis of 470
Dalits in 9 n.3, 495, 572
economy in 563, 564
Enlightenment in colonial 43, 44
environmental issues in 564
historians of 468, 479
independence of 83, 84
John Stuart Mill on 500–1
linguistic diversity in 344
literature 350, 460
neoliberal globalization in 562–5
partition of 78, 192
seed pilgrimage (biya yatra) in 534
state of emergency in 180, 194, 475
state violence in 194, 564–5
Indian Mutiny (1857) 72, 371
Indian National Congress Party 83
indigenous people 34, 117–18, 177–8, 259, 260
childhood image and 489–90
dehumanization of 528
displacement of 564, 579
environmental issues and 521–35, 527–8, 529–31
Europeans’ first definitions of 91–3
‘hunters’ invention 93, 94, 98, 103
Lord John Russell on 501
and multiculturalism concerns 617–18, 619–20
Pacific region 553–4, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 613, 615–18
postcolonial writing by 440–1
‘presencing’ 177–8, 272, 273, 276, 282, 283, 285, 293
protection of sacred religious sites 102
race relations with settlers 473
rebellions 96
social science and 499–502
sovereignty and 275–8, 283–6, 521, 522
state-sanctioned removal of children 526
traditional/modern opposition 493–7, see also culture; translation; land rights; Māori; Aborigines; Native American Indians
indigenous studies 429, 442
Indochina 78, 80, 82, 373, 671
Indonesia 120, 327
Industrial Revolution 70, 120, 496
industrialization 564, 660
inlandsche kinderen 51–2
inter-American studies 651, 661
inter-Asian cultural studies movement 590–1
International Criminal Court, The Hague 102
international law 173, 180, 185, 188–91, 192, 240
international relations 219–22, 223–4, 231, 429
international women’s movement 569
interventionism 12, 20, 173, 175, 180, 189–92, 203, 212–13, 222, 237
Iranian Revolution (1979) 137, 208, 229
Iraq 22, 62, 137, 171, 172, 173, 179, 197, 203, 206, 224, 229, 695
Iraq War (2003) 180, 189–90, 191, 193, 206, 207, 214, 224–5, 245, 375, 482
Irish migration 75–6
Islam 34–5, 97, 107, 111, 112, 114, 118, 119, 145, 174, 423, 455, 588
African 245, 247, 248
anti-globalization 693
East African 245, 247, 248
in Europe 675
Friedman on 492
imperialism and 127–39, 165, 166, 167
Latinity and 120–4
prayer rituals 272–3
Self-Representing Native Acolyte and 208–9
western-based media and 183–4
Islamism 110, 166–7, 199, 202–4, 211, 224, 225, 226, 229
Islamization 134 n.9, 137, 138–9
Islamophobia 142, 182, 183, 219
Israel 14, 32, 40, 62, 167, 172, 173, 180, 185–9, 193, 224, 225, 229, 442, 631
Israel, Jonathan 42 n.3
Italy 112, 114, 266, 679
Ivan the Terrible, Tsar of Russia 111
Ivory Coast 629, 631, 636
al-Jabri, Mohammed Abed 110, 121
Jacir, Annemarie 173, 187–8
Jackson, Moana 284 n.14, 286
Jackson, Peter 613
Jacobinism 80, 292
Jacobs, Jane 17–18
Jaish Ansar al-Sunna 189–90
Jamaica 72, 386–8, 472, 638
Jamaican dancehall music genre 304, 305, 382, 389–93, 390–2
James, C. L. R. 2–3, 11, 12, 44 n.6, 70, 304, 381–2, 385, 386, 387, 392, 393, 540
James, Henry 210, 211
James, Susan 41, 50, 53
Jameson, Fredric 153, 327 n.6, 544
Japan 189, 590, 598, 599
Japanese Empire 566
Java 46, 48
Jefferson, Thomas 129
Jesus, Carolina de 100
Jews 135, 136, 167, 373–5, 632
jihad 132, 133, 137, 172, 183, 204, 237
Johnson, Miranda 18
Jones, Sir William 350
Jordan 224, 225
Kaegi, Walter 132
Kalthoum, Umm 380
Kanhai, Rohan 385
(p. 719) Kant, Immanuel 39, 47, 113–15, 143, 155, 480, 509, 515
Kanu, Yatta 441
Kaplan, Amy 245, 654–5, 664
Kaplan, Robert 243
Kapoor, I. 239
karmayoga 414–15
Kashmir 22, 194
Katine Project 242
Keenan, J. 239
Keenan, Thomas 190
Keino, Kipchoge 386
Kelley, Patrick 481
Kelly, Gráinne 16
Kennedy, Dane 422–3, 437, 543–4
Kenya 78, 236, 238, 243 n.1, 247, 295, 384, 385, 554, 633, 671
Kenyan athletes 382–6, 392
Kenyatta, Jomo 384
Keown, Michelle 553, 693
Keshavarz, Fatemeh 208, 210
Key, John 281
Khalifeh, Sahar 187
Khatami, Mohammed 116
Kickingbird, Kirke 284
Kikuyu Land Freedom Army 384
Killick, Rachel 555
Kincaid, Jamaica 370–2
King, C. Richard 508, 654
King, Thomas 521
Kipling, Rudyard 72, 434, 597
Klein, Julie Thompson 419
Klor de Alva, J. Jorge 659
Kōkiri, Te Puni 280
Kollontai, Alexandra 335
Korsch, Karl 335
Koselleck, Reinhart 310
Kosovo, NATO bombardment of (1999) 189
Krauze, Andrzej 144
Kréa, Henri 374
Krenn, Michael L. 129 n.4
Kupchan, Charles 228
Kurtzer, Daniel 227
Kuwait 204, 224
K’iche’ Mayans 100, 101, 102
Labor Party (Australia) 492–3
Labour Party (UK) 82, 83–4, 492
Labriola, Antonio 335
Lacan, Jacques 29, 156, 398, 456
Laferrière, Dany 658
Laffey, Mark 230–1, 291, 293
Lagos, Nigeria 640, 641
laissez faire 402
Lake, Marilyn 473
Lambert, David 474
Lamming, George 451–2, 455, 464
land rights 177, 284, 348, 384, 492, 521, 522, 613, 614
New Zealand 271–2, 276–8, 281, 286, 616–17
Pacific region 616–17
land seizures 277, 521, 534, 564
Landes, David 108–9
landmine abolition 205
Landsberg, Alison 369
languages 115–16, 300, 302, 305, 635
African 641
Chinese 595–6
English 308
English as first language in United States 657
European 115–16, 121, 208, 351, 353, 453, 555, 679
Indian 563
indigenous 95, 102, 453
origins of 542
Pacific region 609, 620–3
postcolonial 102–3
Larner, Wendy 549
Larsen, Neil 330, 332
Las Casas, Bartolomé de 101, 114
Lasson, Georg 144 n.4
Latin America 33–5, 43, 117, 118, 120, 165, 228, 294, 295, 432, 433, 554, 594, 659–60
postcolonial era in 98–9
Spanish invasion of 496
translation 351–3
Latinity 107, 114, 117, 119–21
Latour, Bruno 267, 534
Latvia 111
Laurie, E. 240
law of the earth 259–60, 263, 267, 283–4
Lawson, Alan 608
(p. 720) Lazarus, Neil 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 29–30, 214, 301–2, 436, 542
Lazreg, Marnia 167
League of Nations 80
Leakey, Louis 384
Lebanon 118, 120, 229, 634
Lee Kuan Yew 588
Lefevere, André 344, 346, 347
left-wing politics, and
decolonization 78–84
Lenin, Vladimir 30, 68, 210, 334, 335, 389, 552, 594
Lester, Alan 474, 476
Levander, Caroline 435, 659, 660, 662
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 497–8, 499
Levine, Philippa 471
Levine, Robert 659, 660, 662
Lewis, Bernard 223
Li Minqi 592
liberal democracy 32, 33, 44 n.6, 68–80, 85, 123, 187, 200, 204, 589
liberal imperialism 173–4, 198–215, 478–9, 478–80, 480
liberal internationalism 199, 203, 213, 218, 219, 222, 223, 226, 227–9
liberalism 42, 43, 53, 68, 70, 71–2, 74, 109, 123, 173, 174, 198–202, 213–14, 290, 301, 478, 480, 517, 580, 594
Libya 138, 214, 226, 228, 230, 266, 294, 631
Linebaugh, Peter 632, 637
Lionnet, Françoise 439
literature 461–3, 621
African American 660
Anglophone 621, 622
children’s 443
comparative 355–6, 437, 442
ecocriticism 524–5
Francophone 590, 620–2, 621, 658
metropolitan 451–2, 453, 454, 455, 458
translated 345–6
‘wilderness’ trope in 530
Lithuania 111, 118
Liu Xiaobo 603
Liverpool, black immigrants in 637, 638
Lizza, Ryan 227
localism 299, 533
Locke, John 41
London dock strike (1889) 76
Loomba, Ania et al. 309 n.3, 381
Loridan, Marceline 374
Losurdo, Domenico 144, 153
Lovesey, Peter 385
Lu Xun 596
Lukács, Georg 144 n.4, 335
Lunsford, Andrea 440
Luxemburg, Rosa 334, 335
Lyotard, Jean-François 39
Maaka, Roger 284
Macao 698
Macaulay, Thomas Babington 198, 210
McCann, Ian 387
McClintock, Anne 308, 311, 325, 360, 400, 404, 653
McCombs, Maxwell 183
MacDonald, Trevor 638
McEwan, Ian 200, 212
Macey, David 8–9, 327
McGonegal, Julie 17, 19
MacGregor, Sherilyn 528
MacIntyre, Alasdair 39
Mackenthun, Gesa 654
MacKenzie, John 472, 474
McLeod, John 309 n.3, 421–2
Madagascar 373, 632
Mahabharata 480
Maine, Henry 198
Maiyoro, Nyandika 382–6, 392
Makdisi, Saree 337
Makiya, Kanan 208
Malaya 78, 84
Malayan Emergency (1948–60) 671
Mali 241
Malinowski, Bronislaw 502
Malouf, David 615
Malthus, Thomas 531
Mamdani, Mahmood 235, 236, 238, 479, 481, 501
Mandela, Nelson 301, 312, 314–21, 372, 540
Manela, Erez 80
Mani, Lata 470
Manitoba, Canada 658
(p. 721) Manji, Irshad 208
Manley, Michael 388
Manutahi, Charles 621
Mao Zedong 145, 590, 594, 595
Māori 94 n.4, 177–8, 271, 272, 290–1, 441, 609, 614
culture 274, 281
environment and 526
financial reparations to 617
land claims by 271–2, 276–8, 281, 286, 616–17
life expectancy of 616
resistance to Pacific and Asian immigration 618, 619
sovereignty of 94 n.4, 272, 275–6, 283–6
Treaty of Waitangi and 274, 277, 278, 285, 348
Tūhoe people 271, 274, 277–80, 282, 286
Māori Party 271, 277
Māori Television 272, 280–3, 286
Mapuche Indians 95
Marat, Jean-Paul 292
Marcuse, Herbert 152 n.8
market economy 113, 118, 149, 152, 214, 675, see also free market
marketization 289, 290
Marley, Bob 304, 382, 386–90, 391, 644
Márquez, Gabriel García 99
Marsh, Kate 658
Marshall, Bill 656–7
Martinique 71, 449, 649
Marx, John 461–2
Marx, Karl 146, 152, 153 n.10, 157, 210, 290, 292, 336, 695
Marxism 2–4, 12, 29–30, 74, 109, 389, 401, 406, 429, 439, 597
Chinese 592, 594, 597
end of 328, 329, 331
Hegelian 144 n.4, 146, 150, 164
historians 468
poststructuralism 2, 7–8, 15, 16, 19 n.6, 22, 163–4
and postcolonial criticism 2–4, 299–300, 330–3, 460, 648–9
and Third Worldism 331, 332, 333–6
masculinity 74, 390, 471, 635
Massey, Doreen 532–3
Massey, Douglass S. 214
Masuzawa, Tomoko 514, 515
Mateata-Allain, Kareva 621
materialism 15, 16, 19, 20, 148, 151, 156, 289, 299, 309, 313, 324–5, 429–30, 433, 439–40, 461, 544, 602
materiality 414, 428, 462, 464, 577
Mathers, Jim 280
Matory, J. Lorand 639, 640, 642
Matthews, Lisa 613
Mau Mau War (1952–7) 384, 385, 671
Maududi, Abuʾl Aʾla 166
Mauritius 634
Mayan Empire 96, 100, 102
Mbembe, Achille 188, 238, 241, 279
Mda, Zakes 533
media 371–2, 476, 677
media necropower 279, 280, 282
medicine 471
Medina 131
Mehta, Uday 43, 173, 198–9, 478
melancholia, postcolonial 409, 464, 678, 684–6
Melanesia 611, 620
Melville, Herman 256, 381, 652
Memmi, Albert 305, 306, 397, 398–9, 405, 414, 657
memoirs and autobiographies 101, 208, 209–11, 360, 474, 644
memory, see cultural memory
memory studies 4, 17, 19, 85, 174, 303–4, 350, 359–61, 362–76
Menchú, Rigoberto 100–1
Merchant, C. 530–1
Merolla, Daniela 679
metaphysics 145, 156, 498, 506, 509
‘metaphysics of power’ 171, 182, 253
Metcalf, Thomas 476–7
Métraux, Alfred 145
metropolitan literature 451–2, 453, 454, 455, 458
Mexican Americans 440
Mexico 22, 95, 120
Michener, James 609
Micronesia 611, 618, 623
middle class 174, 201, 209, 459, 460, 472, 543, 563, 568, 570, 571, 577
(p. 722) Middle East 138, 167, 205–6, 214, 290, 432, 479, 695
‘American era’ in 224–5
Britain and 49
globalization and 693–4
languages 354
Mandate system 186, 187, 188, 228, see also Arab Spring
Middle Eastern studies 597
Mignolo, Walter 34–5, 43, 118, 129, 165, 432–3, 436, 438, 659, 697
migrancy studies 700
migration 143, 171, 372, 404, 461, 532, 553, 556, 660, 695–6
Bhabha on 342, 459
economic 632
Empire Windrush (1948) 638, 675
enforced child 554, 632–3
Europe and 674–6, 679, 681
female 638
forced 54
Irish 75–6
Pacific region 617–20
postcolonial literature and 458–9, 677–9, see also diasporas; immigration; asylum seekers
Mill, James 478, 480, 500
Mill, John Stuart 129, 478, 480, 500–1
Miller, Jacob 388
Miller, Perry 655
mimicry 257, 309, 313, 313 n.6, 317, 319, 383, 399, 409, 542, 543
Minh-ha, Trinh T. 534
Mintz, Sidney 639
miscegenation 50, 74, 471, 473, 637–8
Mishra, Vijay 440, 699
missionaries 351, 352, 368, 472, 595, 641
Mitchell, Andrew 244, 291
Mitchell, Timothy 475
modernity 1, 19–20, 34–5, 69, 136, 255, 384, 386, 408, 422, 428, 433, 544–5, 660
capitalist 153, 336–7, 592, 602
collective memory and 362–3
colonies as laboratories of 44
empire and 32, 479, 480–1
European model of 683
fundamentalists and 110
mutations to postmodernity 115–16
temporality and 423
and tradition 493–7
modernity/coloniality 34, 108–20, 165, 170, 236, 272–3, 289, 405, 438, 577, 594, 595, 596, 653, 659
Mohanty, Chandra T. et al. 569
Molisa, Grace Mera 621
Moll, Peter 384
Moloney, Alfred 641
Momaday, N. Scott 522
Montague, Ludwell 661
Mooers, Colin 198–9
Moon, Paul 348
Moore, H. 247
Moore, Michael 204
Moore-Gilbert, B. et al. 298–9
Moors 120, 121
Moran, Joe 435
Morey, Peter 183
Morgan, Lewis Henry 500
Morin, Edgar 374
Morley, John 198
Morocco 127
Morris, Ian 133 n.8
Morrison, Toni 531
Morton, Stephen 172, 173, 175, 201, 291
Mount, Dana 424–5, 541
mourning 192–3, 236, 291
Moussalli, Ahmad S. 122–3
Moyo, D. 239
Mozambique 295, 327, 644
Mubarak, President 226
Mufti, Aamir 44 n.5
Muhammad, Prophet 183
Muite, Paul 236
mujahideen 193, 237
multiculturalism 86, 173, 200, 407, 442, 617–20, 651, 660, 676
multidirectionality 372–6, 413, 555, 658
multilateralism 589, 591
multilingualism 20, 620–3, 659
multinational corporations 147, 152, 206, 529, 534, 564, 570, 578, 579
Murray, Stuart 553, 693
museum studies 435
museums 464, 480
(p. 723) music 304–5, 380, 382, 386–93, 644
European opera 380
influence of black migrants 638
Jamaican 304, 305, 382, 386–93
Muslim Council of Britain 204
Mussaddeq, Mohammed 210
Muthu, Sarkar 44
Mutu, Margaret 278
Myers, Garth 525
myths 608, 674
Nabokov, Vladimir 210
Naess, Arne 527
Nafisi, Azar, Reading Lolita in Tehran 174, 208, 209–11, 293
Nagasaki atomic bomb (1945) 189, 192, 193
Nahuas 95
Naipaul, Shiva 634 n.11
Naipaul, V. S. 313 n.6, 449, 455, 458, 464, 543
Nairobi, Kenya 174, 236
Nakata, Martin 441
Nancy, Jean-Luc 145, 515
Napoleon I, Emperor of France 71, 589
Napoleonic Wars 635
Narayan, R. K. 458
Nasser, Gamal Abdel 327
nation states 74, 220, 428, 550, 561, 565, 601
‘blood-and-soil’ and 256
erosion of 305, 407, 477, 562
Wallerstein on 567
National Democratic Institute 229
National Front parties 85
national identity 74, 282, 550
American 95, 555, 654, 655–6, 663
British 472
empire and 85–6
French 362–3
Kenyan 383–4, 386
New Zealand 619
postcolonial literature redefining 452
National Insurance Act (1946) 84
national liberation 1, 2, 7, 8–9, 11, 13, 15, 70, 128, 129, 167, 290, 292, 327, 328, 330, 365, 366, 597, 601, 602, 643–4
National Party (NZ) 278, 280–1
nationalism 9, 69, 80–2, 139, 331, 346, 517, 561
American 662
anti-colonial 40, 69, 82, 128, 302, 328, 331, 566, 573
European 676
and homeland 631
‘long-distance’ via internet 562, 619
Pacific region 613–16
pan-Asianism and 566, 590–1
racialized 662
religious 563, 564
nationalization 82, 84
Native American Indians 94, 103, 348–9, 440, 500, 525, 527, 616, 651, 653–5, 662
Native Canadian Indians 521, 522
Native Title Act (Australia 1993) 614
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 113, 180, 228, 242–3
Nazis and Nazism 79, 136, 189, 202, 373–4, 376, 406
Ndebele, Njabulo 314, 318
Negri, Antonio 30, 255, 482, 559, 699
Négritude movement 643
Nehru, Jawaharlal 313
Nelson, Trevor 638
neo-Marxism 551, 684
neo-realism 220–1, 223, 231, 249
neocolonialism 4, 33–4, 84 n.3, 93–5, 104, 170, 293, 332, 452, 457, 461, 561, 562, 568, 570–1, 573, 574, 611, 661, 694, 698
neoconservatism 130, 167, 197, 224
neoliberal globalization 434, 560, 562–5, 570, 572, 573, 574, 580
neoliberalism 2, 34, 109, 110, 118, 123, 207, 215, 306, 327, 431, 479
biopower and 305, 402–9, 471, 534
female employment opportunities 568–9
human rights and 693
in India 562–5
neo-racism and 404–8
and rise of China 592–3
Netherlands 28, 121, 136, 679, see also Dutch East Indies
Neto, Agostino 313
New Brunswick 658
New Caledonia 76–7, 611 n.3, 620, 621
New Guinea 57
new imperial history 471–2, 474
(p. 724) new imperialism 170, 171, 197, 198, 199
new media theory 404
new racism 305–6, 406
new regionalism 549–50, 610, 613, 692, see also Pacific region
New York Times 200
New Zealand 94 n.4, 177–8, 271–86, 440, 608, 610
anti-apartheid protests in 616
biculturalism in 274–5, 278, 280, 281, 614, 615, 619
Foreshore and Seabed Act (2004) 271–2, 276–8, 281, 286, 616–17
hegemony of nationalism in 613
Māori Television 272, 280–3, 286
migration to 618, 619
Tūhoe anti-terrorism raids 271, 274, 278–80, 282, 286
NGOs (non-governmental organizations) 241, 290, 570–1, 574, 593, 599
Nũgĩ wa Thiong’o 298, 300, 434, 452, 453, 457, 543
NHS (National Health Service) 84
Nicaragua 99
Nietzsche, Friedrich 145, 147, 148, 179, 510, 513, 516, 517
Nigeria 22, 237, 313 n.7, 455, 634, 642
9/11 terrorist attacks (2001) 112, 173, 183, 185, 192, 199, 201, 203, 204, 206, 235, 249, 263, 264, 295
Niranjana, Tejaswini 343
Niue, South Pacific 618
Nixon, Rob 54, 400, 404, 529
Nkrumah, Kwame 327, 331, 393, 643, 698
Nobel Prize 100, 101, 346, 595, 644
Nohl, Hermann 144 n.4
nomad/settler opposition 259, 266
nomos 259–60, 262
Non-Aligned Movement 111, 330 n.11, 573–4
non-cooperation policy 13, 315, 316, 320, 413, 530, 564
Noor, Farish A. 123
Nora, Pierre 50, 362–3, 370, 372
Norindr, Panivong 55
Norman Conquest (1066) 133
North American colonies 93, 348
Northern Ireland 476
Northern Territories (now Northern Ghana) 634–5
nostalgia 174, 175, 236, 238, 239–42
Nottingham, John 384
Nova Scotia 658
‘Nova Scotians’ (ex-slaves) 632
Noyce, Phillip 615
nuclear proliferation 193, 221, 227
nuclear testing 608, 609, 610, 611, 613, 616, 619, 623
Obama, President Barak 118, 214, 217, 218, 219, 290, 629
Cairo University speech (4 June 2009) 225–7
19 May 2011 speech 227–8, 230
Obama administration 175, 197
O’Brien, Susie 424–5, 437, 541
occidentalism 596, 597–9
Odhimbo, Otieno 470
Okakura Tenshin 566
Okri, Ben 459
Omi, Michael 397
‘One Love’ peace concert, Kingston, Jamaica (1978) 387–8
Ophir, Adi 190
orientalism 130, 167, 214, 369, 434, 439, 495, 552, 595–8, 601, 670; see also Said, Edward
Orthodox Christianity 111, 112, 113, 121
Ortiz, Fernando 145
Oslo Accord (1993) 101, 224
Otherness 167, 183, 218, 219, 220, 222, 308, 309, 354, 399, 560, 676, 680
Asia 588
Chinese minorities 590
colonial nostalgia/amnesia 174, 326
Muslims 183
‘noble savage’ 96, 521, see also ‘clash of civilizations’ thesis
Ottoman Empire 71, 110–11, 114–15, 122, 124, 127, 137
Outram, Dorinda 43
Ouzgane, Lahoucine 440
overpopulation 531, 532
Oxford University 139
Pacific regionalism 437, 553–4, 607–23, 660
Padmore, George 643
Pakistan 78, 138, 194, 197, 455, 477
Palencia-Roth, Michael 442
Palestine 14, 32, 62, 78, 167, 171, 172, 173, 179, 180, 183, 185–9, 224, 229, 231, 247, 293, 337, 442, 631, 693
Pan-Africanism 9, 638, 643–5, 663
Paolini, A. 246
Papon, Maurice 373
Papua New Guinea 263, 610, 617, 620
Paraguay 104
Paris Commune (1871) 76
Paris Peace settlement (1919) 68
Parry, Benita 4, 16, 309, 312, 325 n.4, 461, 462
Parsipur, Shahrnush 210
Parthians 131
paternalism 208, 405, 493, 577
patriarchy 122, 200, 211, 336, 392, 471, 568
Patriots’ Rebellion (1837–8) 657
Paulson, Henry 147
Pease, Donald E. 654, 664
Peck, James 596
Pennington, Brian 507–8
Perez, Craig Santos 622
Perry, Richard 91 n.1
Persian Empire 127, 131, 132, 154
Persian identity 133
Persian poetry 349, 350
Peru 95–6, 97, 104
Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia 122
Philippines 593
Phillips, Caryl 465, 669, 678
Phillips, Mike 678
Philo of Alexandria 156
philosophy 36, 59, 121, 142–59, 404
photography 265, 267–8, 374
Pietz, William 600
Ping, Jean 629
Pinochet, General 327
pirates 244, 245, 632
Pirie, Gordon 383
planetarity 420, 434, 577
Plumwood, Val 529
pluriversality 116, 121
Pocock, J. G. A. 472
Poland 114, 118
political intelligence 48, 49
political studies 429
pollution 529–30
Polman, L. 240
Polo, Marco 608, 694
Polybius 146 n.5
Polynesia 611, 614, 618, 694
Pomeranz, Kenneth 591
Poniatowski, Elena 99
Ponting, Clive 522
Ponzanesi, Sandra 679
popular culture 304–5, 380–96, 464, 530, 700
sport 304, 381, 382–6, 392, 393, 464
population growth 222, 531, 532
Porter, Bernard 473
Portugal 112, 114, 327
Portuguese Empire 28, 33–4, 92–104, 496
Portuguese language 657
Posse, Abdel 99
Postcolonial Europe journal 680
postcolonial literary studies 429–30
postcolonial literature 421–2, 424, 440–3, 449–65, 543
American literature as 652, 653
Australian 615
cultural memory and 369–72
The Empire Writes Back 5 n.1, 301, 307–11, 313, 359, 458, 608, 651–4, 682
environment and 521–2, 531, 534–5
European 677–80
future of 463–5
hybridity and heterogeneity of 454–6, 458
indigenous language in 453
Latin American 91, 99–102, 104
literary challenges present in 450–1
modes of representation 456–7
multilingual 621
narratives of mourning in 192–4, 291
Pacific region 611, 618–22
Québécois 658
(p. 726) ‘Self-Representing Native Acolyte’ 211–13, 293
settlers 452
western 210
witness literature 100–2
postcolonial studies 2–5, 127, 130, 143–5, 151, 170, 172, 174, 193–4, 248, 255, 263, 275, 290, 298, 555, 562, 603, 697–701
Ahmad on 329, 330
American prominence in 555, 648–9, 683–4, 686
and American Studies 556, 654–9
China and 593
citizens and non-citizens 266
critical regionalism and 550, 553, 556, 565–8, 612
cross-disciplinarity and 16, 427–43, 482, 698
‘cultural turn’ in 29, 163, 345–9, 353, 456, 460, 470, 479
and the ‘decolonial’ 108
Europe’s marginalization in 680–6
Hegel and 143, 151–7, 159
historicization of 310, 332, 335, 423–4, 506–18, 655, 657
identity crisis in 699–700
interdisciplinarity and 418–25, 540–4
Islam and 136–9
Lazarus on 2, 29–30, 301–2
major split in 431–2
materialist critique of 16, 20, 309–11, 324–5
meaning of ‘post’ in 360
reconciliation-orientated 15–23, 432
religious studies and 506–18
social sciences and 423, 431, 435, 489–502
spatial models of analysis 420, 434–9
theory/practice dialectic 298–9, 412–15, 432
Third Worldism and 326–7
translation and 302–3, 347–50
postmodernity 115–16, 329, 330
poststructuralism 29, 163, 164, 298–9, 311, 401, 497, 540, 590, 698
postcolonial literature and 455–6
postcolonial studies and 2, 299, 305, 308, 397, 399–400, 541
racism and 398, 399–400
subaltern studies and 468
potentiality 256–7, 260, 261
poverty 58, 75, 76, 148, 153, 238, 242, 427, 471, 564, 632
poverty reduction 175, 239, 240
Povinelli, Elizabeth 273 n.2
Powell, Eve Trout 477
Prakash, Gyan 43, 44
Pratt, Mary Louise 311, 354, 436, 523
premediation 371–2, 374
Preminger, Otto 374
Preobrazhensky, Yevgeni 335
Price, Richard 639
private property rights 143, 149, 152, 153, 479, 534, 571, 603
privatization 563, 564, 571, 592
probability theory 57
Project for a New American Century (PNAC) 197
prostitution 471
Protestants 109, 113, 114, 184, 332, 495
psychonanalysis 401
public opinion 152
Pugliese, Joseph 254
Qadri, Ismail 511
Qatar 224, 230, 232
Qin Hui 603
Quayson, Ato 298, 419, 554, 650, 651, 653
Quebec 555, 649, 656, 657–9
queer theory 404, 562
Quijano, Anibal 165
Qutb, Sayyid 110, 117, 166
Rabinow, Paul 47, 51 n.13, 59, 407
race 6, 68, 74, 86, 155–6, 305, 396–409, 459, 468, 471
class and 69, 73–7, 80, 120 n.6, 405, 406
(p. 727) commissions 58
critical race studies 428, 440, 700
and Europeanness 135–6
postcolonial melancholia and 685
relations 274, 473
racial classification 42, 49, 50, 51–2, 56–7, 523
Racial Discrimination Act (1975 Australia) 492–3
racial identity 305, 470, 473
racial segregation 264, 400, 473, 501, 572, 644
Racine, Jean 210
racism 79, 115, 128, 131, 155, 279, 300, 305–6, 396–409, 517, 580
Albert Memmi on 397, 398–9
biopower and 401, 402, 403
in Britain 637
citizenship and 134–6
cultural 676
environmental 530–1
in France 373–4
Frantz Fanon on 397, 398
Hannah Arendt on 600
neoliberalism 404–8
poststructuralism and 398, 399–400
in United States 396–7
Radhakrishnan, R. 6, 7, 8, 156, 697
Rainforest Action Network 205
Rancière, Jacques 256
Randall, Marilyn 657–8
Randeria, Shalini 438, 550–1, 692
Rangan, Pooja 305
Ranger, Terence 496
Ransome-Kuti, Fela 644
Rascal, Dizzee 630, 638
Rastafarianism 304