Abstract and Keywords
This article explores the relation between semantic change and grammaticalisation. It discusses the micro-steps of semantic change based on truth-conditional semantics and its extensions into pragmatics and relates the macro-trends in grammaticalization that have been proposed in the literature. It argues that modal, emotive, and discourse particles also emerge by semantic reanalysis and hence show grammaticalization in a semantic sense, even though they are more extragrammatical in a morphosyntactic sense.
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