- The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
- List of Contributors
- Ideology and Conceptual History
- Marxism and Ideology: From Marx to Althusser
- Karl Mannheim and Political Ideology
- Total and Totalitarian Ideologies
- Social Science and Ideology: The Case of Behaviouralism in American Political Science
- The End of Ideology Thesis
- The Morphological Analysis of Ideology
- Contemporary Critical Theory
- Poststructuralist Conceptions of Ideology
- Ideology and Discourse
- Ideology and Political Rhetoric
- Political Ideologies in the Age of Globalization
- Political Ideologies and their Social Psychological Functions
- Ideology and the Intellectuals
- Christian Democracy
- Social Democracy
- Economic Libertarianism
- Green Ideology
- Ideology and Utopia
- Ideologies of Empire
- Latin American Political Ideologies
- Modern African Ideologies
- Islamic Political Ideologies
- Chinese Political Ideologies
- South Asian and Southeast Asian Ideologies
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
In consonance with much of the existing scholarship, this chapter develops an ideational approach to the study of populism. Furthermore, it proposes a minimal concept of populism that can be used to analyse populist forces across time and space. According to this minimal concept, populism is defined as a thin-centred ideology, which is based not only on the Manichean distinction between ‘the pure people’ and ‘the corrupt elite’, but also on the defence of popular sovereignty at any cost. The chapter also examines the most common subtypes of populism and sheds light on current examples of populism in North and South America as well as in Eastern and Western Europe. Lastly, the article discusses the complex relationship that populism maintains with democracy, nationalism, and gender.
Cas Mudde is Associate Professor in the School of Public and International Affairs of the University of Georgia and researcher at the Center for Research on Extremism of the University of Oslo. He is co-author of Populism: A Very Short Introduction.
Dr. Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser is Associate Professor at the School of Political Science of the Diego Portales University (Chile). He is co-author of Populism: A Very Short Introduction.
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