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date: 30 May 2020

(p. x) (p. xi) Contributors

(p. x) (p. xi) Contributors

Keith Allan



is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Monash University, Fellow of the Australian Academy of Humanities, and editor of the Australian Journal of Linguistics. His research interests focus mainly on aspects of meaning in language, with a secondary interest in the history and philosophy of linguistics. He is the author of several books, of which the most relevant here is The Western Classical Tradition in Linguistics, second expanded edition (2010; first edition 2007).



Catherine Atherton



holds appointments in the Departments of Philosophy and Classics at UCLA, having previously been Tutorial Fellow in Classical Philosophy at New College, Oxford. She works on a broad range of topics in ancient philosophy, with a special interest in logic, the philosophy of language, and the philosophy of mind.



David Blank



is Professor of Classics at UCLA. A specialist in Greco-Roman philosophy, he has written extensively on philosophy of language and grammar in antiquity. His current major project is a new edition and commentary of the Rhetoric of the Epicurean Philodemus from the papyri found at Herculaneum.



James P. Blevins



received his Ph.D from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 1990. He later taught at the University of Western Australia before coming to the University of Cambridge, where he has taught since 1997. His current research interests include information-theoretic approaches to morphology, constraint-based treatments of discontinuous dependencies, and the history of morphological and syntactic models.



Kate Burridge



is Professor of Linguistics in the School of Languages, Cultures and Linguistics, Monash University, and a fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. Her main areas of research are grammatical change in Germanic languages, the Pennsylvania German spoken by Amish communities in North America, the notion of linguistic taboo, and the structure and history of English. She is a regular presenter of language segments on radio and has appeared as a panellist on ABC TV's Can We Help? Her books include Syntactic Change in Germanic (1993), English in Australia and New Zealand (with Jean Mulder, 1998), Blooming English: Observations on the Roots, Cultivation and Hybrids of the English Language (2004), Weeds in the Garden of Words: Further Observations on the Tangled History of the English language (2005), Forbidden Words: Taboo and the Censoring of Language (with Keith Allan, 2006), Introducing English Grammar (with Kersti Börjars, 2010), and Gift of the Gob: Morsels of English Language History (2010).



(p. xii) Karen Steffen Chung



(史嘉琳 Shǐ Jiālín), originally from St Paul, Minnesota, USA, has taught English and linguistics in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures of National Taiwan University since 1990; she is currently Associate Professor. She has a BA in East Asian Languages from the University of Minnesota (1976), an MA in East Asian Studies from Princeton University (1981), and a Ph.D in Linguistics from Leiden University (2004), for which her dissertation was entitled ‘Mandarin Compound Verbs’.



Peter T. Daniels



earned degrees in linguistics from Cornell University and the University of Chicago. His interests in Semitic languages and calligraphy led inexorably to the neglected field of the linguistic study of writing systems; his first forays into history of linguistics concerned the stories of little-known decipherments—whether untold (Palmyrene, Himyaritic) or mistold (Mesopotamian cuneiform). More recently he has been exploring the modern development of understanding of the languages written with cuneiform scripts.



Ana Deumert



(Linguistics, University of Cape Town) has studied, worked, taught, and researched on three continents: Africa, Europe, and Australia. Her research programme is located within the broad field of African sociolinguistics and has a strong interdisciplinary focus (with particular attention to anthropology, sociology, and economics). She has authored and edited several books and is editor of IMPACT—Studies in Language and Society (John Benjamins).



Robert Freidin



is Professor of Linguistics in the Council of the Humanities at Princeton University. His research concerns syntax and semantics, focusing on the foundations of syntactic theory (the central concepts of syntactic analysis and their evolution) and their role in the study of language and mind. Some of this work is collected in Generative Grammar: Theory and its History (2007). His most recent publications include ‘The Roots of Minimalism’ (with Howard Lasnik) in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Minimalism, ‘A Brief History of Generative Grammar’ in The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Language, and Syntax: Basic Concepts and Applications (forthcoming).



Alan Garnham



is Professor of Experimental Psychology at the University of Sussex, UK. He studied for his doctorate at Sussex with Phil Johnson-Laird, and has spent most of his academic life there. His main academic interests are in text comprehension, particularly inference and anaphor resolution. His work is situated in the mental models framework, which he helped to develop.



Dirk Geeraerts



is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leuven and head of the research group Quantitative Lexicology and Variational Linguistics. He is the author of The Structure of Lexical Variation (1994), Diachronic Prototype Semantics (1997), Words and Other Wonders (2006), and Theories of Lexical Semantics (2010), and the editor, with Hubert Cuyckens, of The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (2007).



(p. xiii) Giorgio Graffi



is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Verona, Italy. His research topics include methodology of linguistics, general syntax, and history of linguistics. In the latter field, he has published 200 Years of Syntax: A Critical Survey (2001) and Due secoli di pensiero linguistico (2010). He is also author of the chapter ‘The Pioneers of Linguistic Typology: From Gabelentz to Greenberg’, in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology.



Patrick Hanks



is a lexicographer and corpus linguist. He is a Visiting Professor at the Universities of Wolverhampton and the West of England. He was editor of the first edition of the Collins English Dictionary (1979), managing editor of the first edition of Cobuild (1987), and chief editor of current English dictionaries at Oxford University Press (1990–2000). His research interests are: corpus pattern analysis of lexical collocations; the relationship between word meaning and word use; metaphor and figurative language; and the origin and history of personal names.



Andrew Hardie



is a Lecturer in Corpus Linguistics at Lancaster University. His research interests include corpus construction and annotation; the relationship between collocation and grammatical theory; and studying the languages of South Asia. He is one of the lead developers of the widely used Corpus Workbench software for indexing and analysing corpus data. He is the author, with Tony McEnery, of the book Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory and Practice (2012).



Graeme Hirst's research in computational linguistics includes topics in lexical semantics, anaphora resolution, discourse structure, and text analysis. Hirst is the author of two monographs: Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding (1981) and Semantic Interpretation and the Resolution of Ambiguity (1987). He was elected Chair of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics for 2004–5 and Treasurer of the Association for 2008–2017.



Harry van der Hulst



(Ph.D 1984, University of Leiden) specializes in phonology with interests in feature systems and segmental structure, syllable structure, word accent systems, vowel harmony, and sign language phonology. He has published four books, two textbooks, and over 140 articles, and has edited 23 books and six journal theme issues. He has been editor-in-chief of The Linguistic Review since 1990. He is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Connecticut.



Esa Itkonen



(born in 1944) has been since 1982 Professor of General Linguistics at the University of Turku, and since 1986 Dozent of Philosophy at the University of Jyväskylä. His research interests are philosophy of linguistics, history of linguistics, and linguistic typology. His book publications include Grammatical Theory and Metascience (1978), Causality in Linguistic Theory (1983), Universal History of Linguistics: India, China, Arabia, Europe (1991), What Is Language? A Study in the Philosophy of Linguistics (2003), Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology, and Philosophy of Science (Benjamins 2005), The Diversity and (p. xiv) the Unity of the World's Languages (3rd edn, in 3 vols (in Finnish), 2008–10). He is co-editor of The Shared Mind: Perpectives on Intersubjectivity (2008).



Kurt R. Jankowsky



studied German, English, Philosophy, Latin, and Greek at the University of Münster (Germany). He spent four years, from 1958 to 1962, as DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) Postgraduate Lecturer in German at the University of Poona, where he conducted the first German Ph.D programme in India. In 1962 he started teaching German linguistics at Georgetown University, Washington, DC, first as Assistant Professor, from 1972 as Full Professor, until his retirement in 2008. Apart from numerous scholarly articles he is author of more than a dozen books, including The Neogrammarians: A Reevaluation of their Place in the Development of Linguistic Science (1972) and Multiple Perspectives on the Historical Dimensions of Language (1996).



Adam Kendon



studied at Cambridge and Oxford (D.Phil. 1963), and has worked in the United States, Australia, and Italy on face-to-face interaction, sign languages, and gesture. His books include Sign Languages of Aboriginal Australia (1988); Conducting Interaction (1990); Gesture: Visible Action as Utterance (2004); Gesture in Naples and Gesture in Classical Antiquity (2000), a translation of Andrea de Jorio's 1832 treatise on Neapolitan gesture.



Andrew Linn



is based at the University of Sheffield, UK, where he is Professor of the History of Linguistics and Director of Research and Innovation in the Faculty of Arts and Humanities. He is the author of books and articles on the history of English and Scandinavian linguistics and also in the field of language policy and language planning. He is an elected member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.



Edward Lipiński, born at Łódź (Poland) in 1930, is a Professor Emeritus of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) and doctor honoris causa of Lund University (Sweden). He taught Semitic linguistics and epigraphy, as well as history of Ancient Near Eastern religions and institutions. He continues to work in both fields, linguistic and historical. His bibliography up to 2010 was published in The Polish Journal of Biblical Research 9 (2010).



Deborah Loakes



is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Melbourne. She has a Ph.D from the University of Melbourne, and an undergraduate degree from Monash University. Her current work involves analysis of variation and change in the phonetics of Australian English spoken in Melbourne, and in border and near-border regions of Victoria. As well as fine-grained analysis of acoustic features of speech, she is also exploring the interrelationship between accent and identity.



Anneli Luhtala



is University Lecturer in the Department of Classics at the University of Helsinki. Her interests include ancient and medieval grammar, especially syntactical theory and philosophy of language. She is the author of On the Origin of Syntactical (p. xv) Description in Stoic Logic (2000) and Grammar and Philosophy in Late Antiquity (2005), and of many articles on the development of medieval grammatical theory.



Jaap Maat



is a lecturer at the Department of Philosophy, University of Amsterdam, and a member of the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation (ILLC). He has published widely on seventeenth-century artificial languages. His main interests are in the history of ideas, history of logic, history of linguistics, and modern philosophy of language and mind.



Michael K. C. MacMahon



is Emeritus Professor of Phonetics at the University of Glasgow. He is a member of Council of the International Phonetic Association, and Archivist of the British Association of Academic Phoneticians. His publications focus on the history of phonetics and linguistics, including the first major study of the state of English pronunciation from the mid-1770s to the present day (in The Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. IV, 1999).



Margaret Magnus



began her doctoral work in 1981 at MIT and in 1984 co-founded the linguistics software house Circle Noetics, which created natural language software. In 1997 she founded the Linguistic Iconism Association and its peer-reviewed journal Iconicity in Language, which was active online until 2000. In 2001, she completed her Ph.D at the University of Trondheim with a dissertation on sound symbolism. She is currently Principal Software Engineer with the linguistics group at Nuance Communications.



Kirsten Malmkjær



holds a BA in English and Philosophy (1981) and a Ph.D (1984) from Birmingham University. She lectured there until 1989, when she moved to the University of Cambridge, Research Centre for English and Applied Linguistics. In 1999 she moved to Middlesex University as Professor of Translation Studies. Since September 2010 she has been Professor of Translation Studies at the University of Leicester. She has published widely in Translation Studies.



Tony McEnery



is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Lancaster University. He is the author or editor of sixteen books, including Corpus Linguistics (1996/2001, with Andrew Wilson), Corpus-Based Language Studies (2006, with Richard Xiao and Yuko Tono), and Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory and Practice (2012, with Andrew Hardie). His research interests are wide-ranging, but all focus on the application of corpus-based methodology to new problems in linguistics and beyond.



Jacob L. Mey



(born 1926) is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at the University of Southern Denmark. Previously, he has taught at the University of Oslo, the University of Texas at Austin and numerous other institutions. His research interests concern all areas of pragmatics, with an emphasis on the social aspects of language use, the pragmatic impact of computer technologies, and the pragmatic use of literary devices. Among his most recent publications are: Pragmatics: An Introduction (2001); When Voices Clash: A Study in Literary Pragmatics (2001); and Concise Encyclopedia of (p. xvi) Pragmatics (ed., 1994; 2nd edn 2009). In 1977 he founded the Journal of Pragmatics, of which he was editor-in-chief until 2009, when he founded the new journal Pragmatics and Society. He holds honorary D.Phil. degrees from the Universities of Zaragoza, Spain (1993) and Bucharest, Romania (2006). In 2008 he was presented with a lifetime award from the University of Southern Denmark for his work in pragmatics.



Salikoko S. Mufwene



is the Frank J. McLoraine Distinguished Service Professor of Linguistics and the College at the University of Chicago, where he also serves on the Committee of Evolutionary Biology and on the Committee on the Conceptual and Historical Studies of Science. He spent the 2010–11 academic year at the Collegium de Lyon (Institute for Advanced Study) in Lyon, France. His publications include: The Ecology of Language Evolution (2001); Créoles, écologie sociale, evolution linguistique (2005); and Language Evolution: Contact, Competition and Change (2008).



Peter M. Scharf



specializes in the linguistic traditions of India, Vedic Sanskrit, and Indian philosophy, and has devoted considerable attention recently to Sanskrit computational linguistics and building a digital Sanskrit archive. After teaching Sanskrit for nineteen years in the Department of Classics at Brown University, he is currently laureate of a Chaire Internationale de Recherche Blaise Pascal in the Laboratoire d'Histoire des Théories Linguistiques, Université Paris Diderot, and Director of the Sanskrit Library.



Pieter A. M. Seuren



started out as a classicist (Latin, Greek, Ancient History) at Amsterdam University, graduating in 1958. After a brief period as a teacher of classical languages, he entered Academe, as an assistant in various Dutch universities. In 1967 he became Lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Cambridge, and in 1970 at Oxford University. From 1974 till 1999 he was professor of Philosophy of Language and Theoretical Linguistics at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. Since his retirement in 1999 he has been a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics at Nijmegen.



Anna Siewierska



studied linguistics in Gdansk and Monash University, Melbourne, where she did her MA and Ph.D. She was a lecturer in Gdansk, where she did her Habilitation, and in Amsterdam. In 1994 she became Professor of Linguistics and Human Communication at Lancaster University. She coordinated the group on constituent order of the EuroTyp project, and was president of both the Association of Linguistic Typology and the Societas Linguistica Europaea. Anna's major publications are on the passive, word order, transitivity, and person.



Linda R. Waugh



is Professor of French, English, Anthropology, Linguistics, and Language, Reading, and Culture; a faculty member in the Interdisciplinary Ph.D Program in Second Language Acquisition and Teaching; Co-Director of the Center for Educational Resources in Culture, Language, and Literacy (CERCLL) at the University of Arizona; and Executive Director of the Roman Jakobson Intellectual Trust. (p. xvii) Her recent research has been focused on discourse and textual analysis, identity, iconicity, metonymy, and the history of linguistics. Linda Waugh's co-contributors: José Aldemar Álvarez Valencia is a doctoral student in the Interdisciplinary Ph.D program in Second Language Acquisition and Teaching at the University of Arizona. Before enrolling for the Ph.D he was a faculty member at Universidad de la Salle in Bogotá, Colombia. He has published in the areas of discourse analysis and foreign language teacher education. His current research focuses on the intersection between multimodal social semiotics and Computer Assisted Language Learning. Tom Hong Do is a doctoral student in Rhetoric, Composition, and the Teaching of English at the University of Arizona. His research investigates the impact of assimilation and literacy on ethnic identity construction among first-generation Asian-Americans. Kristen Michelson is a doctoral student in the Interdisciplinary Ph.D program in Second Language Acquisition and Teaching at the University of Arizona. Her research centres around second language acquisition and the development of intercultural competence in study abroad programmes, culture and language teaching, and semiotic representations of cultural values through media such as virtual spaces and literature. M'Balia Thomas is a doctoral student in the Interdisciplinary Program in Second Language Acquisition and Teaching at the University of Arizona. Her research critically investigates the role of social discourses in second language learning and literacy.



Bencie Woll



is Professor of Sign Language and Deaf Studies and also the Director of the Deafness Cognition and Language Research Centre (DCAL) at University College London. Her research and interests embrace a wide range of topics related to sign language. These include the linguistics of British Sign Language (BSL), the history and sociolinguistics of BSL and the Deaf community, the development of BSL in young children, sign language and the brain, and developmental and acquired sign language impairments.