- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Origins and the Evolution of Language
- The History of Writing as a History of Linguistics
- History of the Study of Gesture
- The History of Sign Language Linguistics
- Orthography and the Early History of Phonetics
- From IPA to Praat and Beyond
- Nineteenth-Century Study of Sound Change from Rask to Saussure
- Discoverers of the Phoneme
- A History of Sound Symbolism
- East Asian Linguistics
- Linguistics in India
- From Semitic to Afro-Asiatic
- From Plato to Priscian: Philosophy's Legacy to Grammar
- Pedagogical Grammars Before the Eighteenth Century
- Vernaculars and the Idea of a Standard Language
- Word-Based Morphology from Aristotle to Modern WP (Word and Paradigm Models)
- General or Universal Grammar from Plato to Chomsky
- American Descriptivism (‘Structuralism’)
- Noam Chomsky's Contribution to Linguistics: A Sketch
- European Linguistics since Saussure
- Functional and Cognitive Grammars
- Lexicography from Earliest Times to the Present
- The Logico-philosophical Tradition
- Lexical Semantics from Speculative Etymology to Structuralist Semantics
- Post-structuralist and Cognitive Approaches to Meaning
- A Brief Sketch of the Historic Development of Pragmatics
- Meaning in Texts and Contexts
- Comparative, Historical, and Typological Linguistics since the Eighteenth Century
- Language, Culture, and Society
- Language, the Mind, and the Brain
- Translation: the Intertranslatability of Languages; Translation and Language Teaching
- Computational Linguistics
- The History of Corpus Linguistics
- Philosophy of Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
The modern field of corpus linguistics – based around the computer-aided analysis of extremely large databases of text – is largely a phenomenon of the late 1950s onwards. Its early history was marked by opposition from, in particular, Noam Chomsky, who favored a rationalist view over the empiricism associated with corpus-based approaches. However, corpora have been shown to be highly useful in a range of areas of linguistics (but perhaps most notably lexicography and grammatical description). Modern corpus linguistics was formed in the context of work on English, though it is now applied to many different languages; it was in this context that techniques such as corpus annotation, and important concepts such as collocation, emerged. Alongside this history of corpus linguistics considered as a methodology stands the history of an alternative approach, sometimes called neo-Firthian, within which the study of words, phraseology and collocation in corpora are the keystone of linguistic theory.
Tony McEnery is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Lancaster University. He is the author or editor of sixteen books, including Corpus Linguistics (1996/2001, with Andrew Wilson), Corpus‐Based Language Studies (2006, with Richard Xiao and Yuko Tono), and Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory and Practice (2012, with Andrew Hardie). His research interests are wide‐ranging, but all focus on the application of corpus‐based methodology to new problems in linguistics and beyond.
Andrew Hardie is a Lecturer in Corpus Linguistics at Lancaster University. His research interests include corpus construction and annotation; the relationship between collocation and grammatical theory; and studying the languages of South Asia. He is one of the lead developers of the widely used Corpus Workbench software for indexing and analysing corpus data. He is the author, with Tony McEnery, of the book Corpus Linguistics: Method, Theory and Practice (2012).
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