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date: 30 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter presents an overview of the work that could be characterized as the functional-cognitive paradigm in linguistics. Separate sections are dedicated to functionally oriented theories on the one hand, and cognitively oriented theories on the other hand. The former type focuses on the use of language as the ultimate factor that defines its shape. The latter type starts out from the assumption that the human language should be understood from the perspective of human cognition in general. From both areas, three theories are discussed in somewhat more detail: SFG, FG, and RRG from the functional, and CC, CG, and RCG from the cognitive persuasion. A comparison is made between the respective theories in each of the two categories, in terms of their strengths and weaknesses. It is argued that, although there are apparent differences between the two approaches to grammar, there seems to be no fundamental reason why they could not be merged into one encompassing paradigm.

Keywords: autonomous syntax, conceptualization, constructions, process-oriented, usage-based, functionalism, cognitive linguistics

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