Abstract and Keywords
Any definition of greener supply chain management must capture design; material selection, extraction, and sourcing; manufacturing; logistics and delivery; and end-of-life management. Two major extensions of the operations system include from operations at a single firm to operations across the supply chain, and from the one-way supply chain to the closed loop. Both influence and accountability affect how a firm might position itself within the supply chain on particular environmental issues, and the means available to manage performance. The potential competitive advantage generated by environmental collaboration is addressed. Tightening environmental legislation generates opportunities to introduce new value-added services and products. Life cycle assessment encourages firms to look beyond first-tier suppliers to the entire supply chain. System-based measurement and stronger integration of the social bottom line in supply chains are areas that hold promise for both research and practice in the short to medium term.
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