Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses the concept of organizational culture. It reviews three main mechanisms through which organizational culture shapes business and environment interactions, with each one reflecting a somewhat different perspective on culture. These mechanisms include culture as shared norms or values, culture as a frame or filter, and culture as a “toolkit”. Culture is emphasized as a continually recreated “web of meaning”. Two main mechanisms connect culture as recreated meaning with organizational actions. The idea of culture as a toolkit has recently gained attention in organizational studies. Changes in an organization's cultural toolkit can in turn lead to the development of new strategies and practices. Finally, it offers some directions of future research related to business and the natural environment (B&NE). A review of the prior B&NE work related to culture reveals that the understanding of the interactions between organizational culture and environmental sustainability is still in its infancy.
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