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date: 26 May 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter tracks the changing developments from late antiquity to the later middle ages in the concept of sainthood, the methods by which it was ‘authenticated’, and the ways in which local communities and others made ‘use’ of saints. Saints could be martyrs or confessors, or increasingly in the early middle ages and after, royalty; and in each incarnation, different possibilities were engendered in how Christianity conceived of and presented ‘the holy’. Procedures for authorizing saints changed over the period, being claimed by the papacy alone in the late twelfth century. In the following century we see, somewhat paradoxically, the rise of both mendicant saints (associated with poverty, simplicity, and a charismatic-mystic role) and mendicant-sponsored royal and dynastic saints.

Keywords: Pilgrimage, canonization, mendicants, images, relics, healing

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