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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Familiarity with the theology of John Bunyan is important for the interpretation of his literary classics. That theology was Reformed, or Calvinist, focused on soteriology, and shaped by Bunyan’s search for faith and his experience in a Dissenting congregation on the borderline between Baptists and Independents. At its heart was an emphasis on the forgiveness of sins by a divine grace given without conditions, which Bunyan thought had been offered in the gospel to the worst of sinners, among whom he included himself. He articulated his theology through a scheme of covenants and an order of salvation that had already been developed as central components of Calvinism. The doctrine of predestination lurked in the background of his writings, but did not preclude his summons to conversion and a holy life. Bunyan laboured to bring well-grounded comfort and assurance of salvation to his readers and hearers.

Keywords: John Bunyan, theology, Calvinism, Baptists, Independents, grace, order of salvation, predestination, assurance of salvation

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