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date: 07 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines class and Englishness in Bunyan. It argues that interest in Bunyan and class is most evident at times of turmoil in British society, such as the 1930s, and that Bunyan’s Englishness is often linked to a sense of place, his literary achievement, and his Christianity. However, wider cultural changes mean that class and Englishness in Bunyan need to be re-examined. The Pilgrim’s Progress (1678; 1684) is shown to anticipate aspects of modern tourism and it is compared to Julian Barnes’s novel England, England (1998). The final part of this chapter, which focuses on The Life and Death of Mr. Badman (1680), looks at how an understanding of the exchange relation, as defined by Karl Marx, helps us to see the relationship between class and Englishness in the writings of Bunyan and elsewhere.

Keywords: The Pilgrim’s Progress, Englishness, class, Karl Marx, Julian Barnes, exchange, tourism

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