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date: 26 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article gives an overview of some of the candidate theories put forward to explain individual differences in adjustment to appearance problems. It first considers the most intuitive explanations — physical severity, and the location of the difference. It goes on to explore how coping processes play a role in adjustment, highlighting the focus in this area on negative outcomes rather than positive adjustment. The second part of the article focuses on some key cognitive underpinnings to adjustment, in relation to the self, attention, interpretation of ambiguity, and memory.

Keywords: appearance problem, coping, adjustment, self, physical severity, appearance psychology

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